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"A man who was completely innocent, offered himself as a sacrifice for the good of others, including his enemies, and became the ransom of the world . It was a perfect act". Mahatma Gandhi 

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Ethiopia: Keeping the Stride to Speed Up Global Energy Development
By Zelalem Girma

Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development. Access to modern energy is essential for the provision of clean water, sanitation and healthcare and for the provision of reliable and efficient lighting, heating, cooking, mechanical power, transport and telecommunications services.With the theme: "Better Hydro in an Interconnected World," the International Hydropower Association (IHA), with the joint support of the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO), the African Union Commission (AUC), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the World Bank and the African Development Bank (AfDB) has finalized preparation to organize the World Hydropower Congress (WHC) to be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as of May 9-11, 2017.

Museveni in Ethiopia for security meeting
By Admin Added 22nd April 2017

According to reports, the mispricing of natural resources in Africa leads to the loss of $50b per year, more than Africa's combined foreign direct investment and overseas development aid. In addition, according to an Oxfam estimate, more than US$18b per year is lost through resource-related conflicts in Africa, not including indirect costs. The forum will focus on the theme of “Natural Resource Governance in Africa”, reflecting the centrality of natural resources, both in historical as well as in contemporary times.

Proposed Language Reform for Ethiopia: Volume I 
Three Qua Publishing December 2016; made in the USA, Charleston, SC, January 2017 

Authored by Lou T. M. Kahssay 
Reviewed by Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD 
April 20, 2017 

The title of the book tells it all. Proposed Language Reform for Ethiopia meticulously (and I gather painstakingly) diagnosed the problem and shortcomings of the Ethiopian written system (commonly known as Ethiopic or Geez) in particular and the language in general, and came up with a radical departure from the traditional Ethiopian orthography. “Due to the Ethiopic alpha syllabic script and fusional nature of the Ethio Semitic languages,” says Lou Kahssay, “it is difficult to maintain alphabetical order for the majority of word derivations and inflections without reforming the orthography to some degree. The existence of too many word derivations, widespread spelling inconsistencies and a large number of characters in the Ethiopic writing system means only a small fraction of words in Ethio Semitic languages can be entered in any dictionary let alone to be ordered alphabetically.” (Preface) 

The Necessity of Circumspection in Ethiopia’s Foreign Policy with respect to the future Ethiopia-Eritrea Relations

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD April 14, 2017 This article intends to critically examine the future relations of Ethiopia and Eritrea in the context of the prevailing complicated political scenario that has impacted on the respective foreign policies of the two countries following the Algiers Agreement and subsequent delimitation of the Ethiopian-Eritrean border by the Boundary Commission (April 13, 2002).
This article intends to critically examine the future relations of Ethiopia and Eritrea in the context of the prevailing complicated political scenario that has impacted on the respective foreign policies of the two countries following the Algiers Agreement and subsequent delimitation of the Ethiopian-Eritrean border by the Boundary Commission (April 13, 2002).The concern of people of Shire and Irob is the concern of all Ethiopians, and the Ethiopian government has an obligation to listen to the people and honor their demands and aspirations, and it is in light o the peoples’ concerns and overall Ethiopia’s national interest that the Ethiopian Government must enter peace negotiations with Eritrea. 

A growth engine
Trends and outcomes of private equity in Africa

A growth engine: Trends and outcomes of private equity in Africa is a report from The Economist
Corporate Network (ECN). It is informed by interactions with leading private-equity
advocates and actors who support the asset class in Africa. Prequin data for 2016 included
reported transactions from January 1st to December 16th. Baker McKenzie sponsored the
report. ECN performed the research and wrote the report independently. The findings and views
expressed in this report are those of ECN alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the

Why the Food of Ethiopia Tastes Like Home (Even Though I've Never Been)
by Niknud 

I fell in love with Ethiopian food on a perfect weekend almost thirteen years ago. My not-yet-husband and several friends and I were on a four-day pass from our Army unit in Georgia and decided to drive to Washington D.C. for Veterans Day. By happy circumstance, my father (a globe-trotting neuroscientist) was in town for a conference so we agreed to meet him for dinner at an Ethiopian restaurant he recommended.

Ethiopia: Can the Landlocked Power Restore Its Former Glory?
Analysis MARCH 31, 2017 

Among its African contemporaries, Ethiopia stands out as one of the few countries that has existed in essentially the same form since antiquity, albeit under different names. Its geographic position at the heart of the Horn of Africa has made it a crossroads for trade, helping it to maintain a continuity that has lasted from ancient times through the colonial era to today. While modern Ethiopia's interests are much more tightly focused on its core than the far-flung reach its ancient predecessors commanded, its geography still makes it a key player in global trade and regional politics. Although its importance in international trade has diminished with technological advances in transport and a shift away from the resources it provides or conveys, exports are still a focus of its economy.

The power to destroy a nation is a lot easier than the power it takes to build a nation. 
By Santino Aniek

There is something brewing in South Sudan and for the Frist Vice President Taban Deng Gai to put his interest above the country’s interest will create an existential crisis in the nation. However, the majority of South Sudanese including myself believe that the power to destroy a nation is not the lesson of President Kiir Mayardit’s Presidency. But the real question in the head of every Ruweng people is, is the First Vice President Taban Deng Gai’s lesson here to destroy a nation? However, when the news break out in Juba the majority of Ruweng people were very excited about the appointment of Governor Theji De Adwad Deng and assumed that it would only strengthen our relationship with the FVP Taban. However, having a relationship with the FVP Taban seems to have had the opposite effect on Ruweng people’s lives ever since.

Ethiopia: GERD Is Indispensable to Ethiopia's Energy Ambition
By Fekadu W.

Development Bank of Ethiopia (DBE) on Mach 17, 2016 stated that the amount of money contributed by the public to the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has reached close to 10 billion birr. DBE Bond Management Director, Firew Kassa said the fund was collected from sale of bond, GERD lottery and trophy, Diaspora's contribution and 8100 public game, among others. He said public servants and private employees have taken the leading position in materializing the donation they have pledged and purchasing bonds. Similarly, the Diaspora, private investors, merchants and all citizens across the country have played their own role in contributing financial support to the GERD.


Fasil Amdetsion  Attorney, Foreign Policy Advisor 
Early into the presidency of Donald Trump, his Administration’s Africa policy remains terra incognito. Though Africa watchers trying to glean future policy leanings have examined questions on Africa submitted to the State Department by the Trump Transition team in January, and scrutinized pronouncements made on the campaign trail, if experience with previous administrations is anything to go by, predictions concerning the tenor of US-Africa relations at the outset of new administrations are frequently unreliable. The challenges presently faced by people of African descent worldwide, require cooperation between Pan-Africanists on projects which are realizable in the short, medium and long terms; from political cooperation to lighting the fire of Pan-Africanism in youth. The support of a sympathetic American administration would be helpful here, but it is not indispensable to the objective of forging closer ties between people of African descent worldwide. 

Four decades after Haile Selassie’s death, Ethiopia is an African success story
Christopher Clapham, Professor Emeritus at the Centre of African Studies, University of Cambridge looks at the changes that Ethiopia has undergone since the assassination 40 years ago of its last emperor, Haile Selassie. Ethiopia has changed beyond all recognition since the death of its last emperor, Haile Selassie, 40 years ago. Haile Selassie was surreptitiously murdered at the age of 83 by the military revolutionaries who had overthrown him a year earlier. Though t-shirts bearing his familiar features are to be seen on the streets of Addis Ababa, the days of the empire have gone and there is no move to restore it.

Traveling While Brown? U.S. Border Agents Can Search Your Cell phone
When Buffalo, New York couple Akram Shibly and Kelly McCormick returned to the U.S. from a trip to Toronto on Jan. 1, 2017, U.S. Customs & Border Protection officers held them for two hours, took their cell phones and demanded their passwords.
"It just felt like a gross violation of our rights," said Shibly, a 23-year-old filmmaker born and raised in New York. But he and McCormick complied, and their phones were searched.
Three days later, they returned from another trip to Canada and were stopped again by CBP.
"One of the officers calls out to me and says, 'Hey, give me your phone,'" recalled Shibly. "And I said, 'No, because I already went through this.'"

Editorial note

The undisputed fact of the Ucchale Treaty for example shows that Menelik was engaged in selling out Ethiopian territory to Ethiopia’s enemies. Here in the words of respected and World renowned historian the undisputed facts, something that are testified to by many other historians: Professor Sven Rubenson wrote in his very important book, “The Survival of Ethiopian Independence,” Pp 384-85: “The death of Yohannis finally presented Minilik with the opportunity for which he had been waiting for almost 25 years. He had been a reluctant vassal, and his contribution in defense of Ethiopia’s territory and independence had so far marginal: In the very last year of Yohannes’s reign, however Minilik came perilously close to allying himself with Ethiopia’s potentially most dangerous enemy, Now he needed the Italians more than they needed him. He wanted the promise rifles and more if possible. ……He was certainly aware that he would be requested to pay in terms future territorial concessions as well, if he succeeded to hold his own and eventual replace Yohannis as Emperor. It was in this situation the treaty of Wichale was conceived in Rome in August-September 1888. In the draft treaty, these concessions were defined by a line starting Anifilla on the cost, passing by and including in the Italian colony the village of Halay, Hebo, Akrur, Asmara, and Seazega and, after having followed the Anseba a short distance, running in a straight line east to west so that Bogos and most of other districts once held by Egyptians would go to Italy.” Menelik’s seal and signature on such Treaties stands as a testimony to his selfish scarifies of Ethiopian territory [Eritrea] as the single most reason as the source of our present predicament, a historical backlash. It is no longer impossible for Ethiopian educators to close their eyes to the fact Menelik conspired with the Italians for 5000 rifles with Antonelli to stay neutral in the war against Italians and Mahdist. When Menelik had been ordered by Yohannes to take position in the field against Mahdists after their retreat from Tana, Menelik agreed to act only as a peacemaker between Yohannes and Mahdists. Let me anchor facts from the slippery road of optimism of Menelik that parrot and advocate the detrimental and treacherous policies of the past as if they were conventional wisdom or fact is totally foolish pseudo intellectuals are otherwise engaged in creating their own version of history. It is but a dangerous illusion. As evidenced by many shoddy publications and spiteful diatribes.

The British Expeditionary Force to Meqdella and the Deliberate Distortion of History

Photo – Emperor Yohannes of Ethiopia (from British Royal archive)Posted on Saturday, March 11, 2017 by Gebre Selassie Araya  Source Horn Affairs [My note is mainly based on Dej. Zewde Gebre-Selassie’s (PhD) book, ”Yohannes IV of Ethiopia”: A Political Biography” (2014).] In the eyes of the general reader, and the Shäwanized history of Abyssinia in particular, Kassa Mircha (later Emperor Yohannes IV) has been singularly portrayed as a collaborator with the British during the ‘British Expedition against Emperor Tewodros in 1868. But this is half of the truth often presented with distortion. The following letters will help readers to set the historical record straight and challenge the historical distortions disseminated by biased ‘’Historians’’ who are directly or indirectly affiliated to the ruling elite of the past.

The Historical Responsibility of Ethiopian Public Scholars in the Redemption of Ethiopian History Book           Ghelawdewos Araia February 27, 2017
Theda Skocpol once said, “Our roles as public scholars, as influential citizens, and as mentors for civically engaged young adults have never been more important than they are right now.”2 Theda’s eloquent statement (appeal) on scholars is quite a fitting to the central thesis of this essay and to the message I want to convey to my fellow Ethiopian scholars. It is our solemn duty and responsibility to educate the young Ethiopians and lead them by example so that they embrace the authentic history of their country and this would have a tremendous positive impact on the psychological makeup of Ethiopian youth. To be sure, the young Ethiopians are not only the torchbearers of what we kindled but they are also the leaders of tomorrow. It is thus crucial that we arm our young citizens with Ethiopian historiography. 

Will "African Lion" Ethiopia sustain fast growth? 
ADDIS ABABA, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- Kenyan media outlets have it well covered recently that Ethiopia is about to overtake Kenya and become the leading economy in East Africa.
Building on decade-long double-digit growth catalyzed by enormous government spending on infrastructure, the size of the Ethiopian economy, in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measurements, will reach 69.2 billion U.S. dollars, according to projections the International Monetary Fund (IMF) made for 2016. In 2015, its GDP stood at 61.6 billion dollars. Kenya's GDP, on the other hand, is expected to rise to 69.1 billion U.S. dollars in 2016, up from 63.4 billion dollars in 2015. If the projections turn out to be true, Ethiopia, hailed by pundits as an "African lion", will surpass Kenya. Though the possible win would be by a small margin, Kenyans have echoed that Ethiopia is surely becoming a new superpower in the region.

Alternative Politics of Renewal
By Yossef Ben-Meir

What does it look like when the local approach to achieving sustainable development projects guides not just how we govern, but is also strategically implemented by candidates to help them campaign and secure elected office? First, let us consider which processes are most effective in advancing community initiatives that meet both socio-economic and environmental needs. From this vantage point, we can see how participatory development procedures translate into broad-based political movements.

Dazzling jewels from an Ethiopian grave reveal 2,000-year-old link to Rome
British archaeology team uncovers stunning Aksumite and Roman artefacts
Spectacular 2,000-year-old treasures from the Roman empire and the Aksumite kingdom, which ruled parts of north-east Africa for several centuries before 940AD, have been discovered by British archaeologists in northern Ethiopia.

Louise Schofield, a former British Museum curator, headed a major six-week excavation of the ancient city of Aksum where her team of 11 uncovered graves with “extraordinary” artefacts dating from the first and second centuries. They offer evidence that the Romans were trading there hundreds of years earlier than previously thought.

East Africa: UNHCR Hails Ethiopia's Refugee Handling
The Ethiopian Herald
By Tsegay Hagos

The UN Refugee Agency has lauded Ethiopia for its commitment in hosting refugees and providing asylum and other basic needs.
UNHCR Ethiopia Spokesperson Kisut Gebrezgabher told The Ethiopian Herald that Ethiopia is prominent for its open door policy towards refugees and asylum seekers for centuries, and UNHCR as well as the international community appreciate the country and its people's generosity.
Kisut said: "The people and government of Ethiopia, particularly the refugee hosting communities must be commended for their generous hospitality and continued support to the refugees. The international community should recognize this and support Ethiopia to help the refugees.

Ethiopia: Setting Non-Partisan Agenda On Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
The Ethiopian Herald

By Fekadu Wubete
Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn had discussed with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi while here, in Addis Ababa for the 28th African Union (AU) Summit. The two leaders had held thoroughly discussion focusing on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and building mutual trust, confidence and strengthening their bi-lateral ties. NPoE stressed that Ethiopia has endured centuries of invasions and subversion by powers from far and close that aspired to control the headwaters of the Nile. Ethiopia has been prevented physically from accessing its water resources by keeping it busy with wars, direct or proxy wars. IRN's anti Ethiopia campaign is but a continuation of that history - by another means.

Open Letter to the Secretary General of the UN 
Mr. Antonio Guterres 
Dear Mr. Antonio Guterres,

First of all, I would like to congratulate you on your new appointment as UN Secretary General.
Dear Sir,
The practice of genetically modifying seeds and patenting them as unique inventions has now been going on for decades. Some 60% of the world’s seeds are owned by a few corporations in the West*. Farmers in the US and Canada have been sued and bankrupted by some of these greedy corporations because their crops had been inadvertently cross pollinated by the wind, birds, bees, and butterflies which carry pollen from adjacent farms with the modified crops.

Richard Pankhurst British academic and true friend of Ethiopia passed away

Richard Pankhurst is calling for the return of all treasures
Too many foreigners have studied and loved Ethiopia but none like the British historian Richard Pankhurst. News of his death at the age of 90 shocked Ethiopians. He passed way this morning in his residence, Addis Ababa, reported Voice of America Amharic Service.
He served as professor of history at Addis Ababa University and was a founding member of Institute of Ethiopian Studies – housed at former Emperor Haile Selassie Palace at the main campus of Addis Aabab University, an institution with great reputation which was engaged in the creation of knowledge base on Ethiopia through research and organized annual conferences that attracted researchers from other parts of Africa, Europe and North America -among others.


After more than fifty (50) years of independence, it is clear that African countries can no longer rely on their leaders whom have largely demonstrated incompetence and an inability to lead their countries. It is undeniable today that even during the time of the African kingdoms; African people lived better and were more in harmony with the environment. It is the "modern states" introduced by colonization that have had disastrous consequences on the social, political and economic life of Africans. France is not the only nation to have practiced the trade of slavery and / or colonization. Almost all European countries have done so and the methods used are almost identical. However, other countries do not fully capture the wealth of the colonized countries.

Published in Cooperative Waters Magazine (1st ed)
Time to Think about Ethiopia’s Post-GERD Nile Policy

Fasil Amdetsion
The eventual completion of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will be a much-celebrated event in Ethiopian history for two oft-remarked reasons. Soaring 170 meters high, spanning 1,800 meters in width, and capable of generating 6,000 MW, the GERD will be Africa’s largest hydroelectric dam. As such, it is a remarkable feat of modern engineering. Just as the GERD’s colossal dimensions have reshaped the landscape surrounding it, the dam’s construction has upended the customary official rhetoric and politics of the Nile basin. Heretofore, Ethiopia limited itself to assertions of its right to develop the Nile; whereas, Egypt reacted to any minor suggestion of the mere consideration of construction by upper riparian as an existential threat to be met by an apoplectic reply. Construction of the GERD has pushed Egypt to grudgingly acknowledge that dialogue between riparian states is the only way to reach mutually acceptable solutions to competing claims over the Nile

And the top 3 WHO director-general candidates are ...
By Jenny Lei 25 January 2017

After a full day of closed-door sessions, the World Health Organization’s Executive Board at last announced its three director-general nominees set to face election in May. Ethiopia’s Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Pakistan’s Sania Nishtar, and Britain’s David Nabarro made the cut, with the results released in Geneva on Wednesday evening. 

Tedros again took the lead with 30 votes, but Nishtar was close behind with a total of 28. Nabarro received 18 votes from the 34-member board.

Ethiopia: Why Do Ethiopians Trivialize Truth and Tolerate Lies?
January 23, 2017
By Tedla Woldeyohannes

Now to one of the main points of this article. In my view, in our Ethiopian culture many people do not care about truth or the value of truth for its own sake; rather, many people care about what benefit they can get if they tell the truth about many issues in life. This mindset, which is widely shared, makes it hard for people to value truth or to care about truth for its own sake or to stand for truth when standing for truth is important. To care about truth for its own sake means valuing truth and speaking the truth whether one gets something or not as a result of speaking the truth.  Inquisitive minds generally are inclined and want to know the truth about anything of interest to them, for the sake of knowing, period. 

Yahya Jammeh’s Must Go!!!
Africa Speaks as African civil society organizations, we are raising our voices in solidarity with the
people of the Gambia who have since the 1994 military coup, which brought Jammeh to power,
endured decades of autocracy and systematic human rights violations under his rule, in particular
stifling of freedom of expression, association, and assembly in the republic. Journalist, human rights
defenders and activists in the Gambia have continued to operate in hostile conditions, have been
threatened by reprisals, abductions and experienced other gross human rights violations. Over the
years under the Jammeh regime, there has been much outcry from the people of the Gambia for the
world to pay attention to the various atrocities inflicted on them.


Solomon Gebreselassie

The fact that the TPLF/EPRDF regime initiated a negotiation proposal with the opposition inside the country regarding the multi-faceted problems of the country is commendable. The regime further stated that it was dropping its stubborn demand from years past that MEDREK sign its civic charter as a precondition to negotiate. This is also a welcome sign. Obviously not all the legal opposition invited by the government to the negotiation are genuine opposition parties. Some are clones of the regime, and still others have a high negative rating by the people. And then of course there are opposition groups that are not part of what the government calls “legal”, a few of which have even been categorized as terrorist.



Which Economic and Development Policy’s should Africa pursue to ensure its survival path?
By Dr. Mehenou Amouzou

Africa has a very serious economic identity problem. When compared to Asia, the continent has made much less progress. China, India, Indonesia and Singapore largely only endured tourism for revenue in the 1960s. Today, they are very technologically advanced and their banks and financial structure is more solid than the US and European banks. Elsewhere the world’s economic basis is on the brink of imploding and subsequent failure. Malaysia, which targeted and emulated that of West Africa in the 1960s, learned specifically the culture of the palm plantation and have polished, sustained and improved that industry.

5 surprising predictions for undocumented immigrants under Trump 
By Andy Hurst & Liz Jones • Jan 12, 2017 

Build a wall.
Increase deportations.
End protections for young people known as "Dreamers."
President-elect Donald Trump made these promises on the campaign trail. We asked five people to consider how Trump’s presidency could affect Washington's rising population of undocumented immigrants. Scroll down to read all the stories, or click on the author's name to read their short essay.

U of T begins teaching ancient Ethiopian language
The course in Ge’ez, which could be a first step to launching a larger Ethiopian Studies program, was helped made possible by a donation of $50,000 each from a prof, the school and the Weeknd.
By MEGAN DOLSKI Staff Reporter Fri., Jan. 13, 2017
A language that hasn’t been spoken for more than 1,000 years is being taught this semester at the University of Toronto, a step perhaps towards decoding rarely understood excerpts of history.
The ancient Ethiopian language of Ge’ez is written in a script that’s read left to right and has 26 letters. Letters have variations for the vowels that go with them, meaning students have to learn 26 characters in seven different ways. The goal of the class, which meets twice a week, is to get students on their way to reading.

Saturday, 14 January 2017
China-built electric railway opens up landlocked Ethiopia

A US$3.4bil electrified railway line built by China was officially launched on Tuesday to link the Horn of Africa to its inland countries. The line connects the strategic Red Sea port of Djibouti and Addis Ababa, the capital of landlocked Ethiopia, the fastest growing economy in Africa.
Trial services began last October and regular services transporting goods and passengers are expected to begin early this year. Here we take a look at why the project matters, to both the region and to China

Stews, bread, and a lot of spice make an Ethiopian
Purva Grover/Dubai January 13, 2017

Ethiopia is a country with an incredibly fertile land and a rich history, hence food from the land is diverse and distinct. What makes the meals special is their hospitality - Ethiopians feed each other as they dine, and not just themselves. Using injera, the staple bread in Ethiopian households, as a spoon for meats, vegetables, lentils, and sauces is an important part of eating and sharing meals. Simply tear off a piece of injera, grab some food with it, roll it up, pop the whole thing into your mouth and repeat until finished.

The Military Base put Somaliland in Jeopardy
Friday, January 13, 2017 @ 5:10 am by Guest Author

(Kudos Nahur – Berbera, Somaliland)
The potential UAE military base in Berbera has seen controversy even within Somaliland presidency and its cohorts. Apart from these, there are various stakeholders connected to the port militarization because this new development has huge geopolitics on the balance of power in the Horn of Africa and long-term security dimension in the region.

Government as Employer of Last Resort: A Tentative Proposal for Solving Youth Unemployment in Ethiopia

Desta, Asayehgn, Ph.D. Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Barowsky, School of Business, Dominican University of California
Despite having a favorable Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for more than fifteen years, Ethiopia is currently faced with exceptional challenging youth unemployment. The youth unemployment and idleness in Ethiopia has contributed to massive social unrest in several Ethiopian urban areas. To calm down the massive instability in the country that were precipitated mainly by the unemployed youth, the Ethiopian government has allocated 0.72 percent of its GDP to resolve the youth unemployment in the country. Realizing that the actions taken by the government will not have a substantial impact, this study has proposed that using the Employer of Last Resort (ELR) economic model in collaboration with Ethiopia’s Technical, Vocational Education and Technical (TVET) institutions, so that the ELR could be used as a road map to create pathways for a smooth transition between classrooms and office or factory jobs. Pdf Version 

The Red Sea Is Slipping into Total Arab Control
HANK COHEN'S AFRICA BLOG December 28, 2015  

Hey, all you Abyssinians out there. While you are wasting time squabbling with each other and not talking to each other, the governments of the Arabian Peninsula are eating your lunch.
Have you noticed that warships from the United Arab Emirates are operating out of the port of Asab 24/7? Their interest is in Yemen, not in Eritrea or Ethiopia. There are reports that Saudi Arabia has taken a 50-year lease on Asab. If that is true, the next step will be Sharia Law in the Horn of Africa big time. I think it is time for Abyssinians to take back control of the west bank of the Red Sea before it is too late. One way to accomplish this is for Eritrea and Ethiopia to finally end the war of 1998-2000 and normalize relations. It can be done as a win-win.

African govts adopt Internet shutdowns to quell crises in 2016

Governments in Africa are becoming increasingly intolerant to freedom of speech, with Internet shutdowns now a common occurrence in many countries, a new report shows. 
Despite the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopting a resolution on “the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet,” in July this year, the rate of Internet shutdowns to muzzle expression has been on the rise in sub-Sahara Africa this year.

My Neighborhood Pharmacist Was a Marxist Revolutionary
Kahsay Abraha Bisrat went from slinging an AK-47 in Ethiopia to carefully meting out prescriptions in Colorado, falling in love with a guerrilla along the way.
Donna Bryson
DENVER—Standing white-coated and bespectacled behind the counter of the supermarket pharmacy he manages, you wouldn’t guess Kahsay Abraha Bisrat spent his teenage years as a Marxist revolutionary in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia prime minister accuses Egyptian institutions of funding opposition groups
This was not the first time that Ethiopia had made such claims, as Egypt's Foreign Affairs Ministry had previously denied Egypt's interference in the internal affairs of other countries
Ethiopian prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn said that there are Egyptian institutions harbouring, supporting, and funding terrorist groups in Ethiopia, during his interview on Al- Muqabla show aired on Al-Jazeera on Thursday. The minister’s comments came in response to a question regarding his country’s claims that Egypt and Eritrea are supporting opposition groups in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia's 1,870mw Gibe III Plant Begins Operations
By Andualem Sisay

Addis Ababa — Ethiopia on Saturday inaugurated the €1.5 billion ($1.57 billion) Gibe III hydro plant on River Omo. The plant has 10 turbines each with a capacity of 187MW, and will increase Ethiopia's total electricity output to 4,238 megawatts. It is located 450km southwest of the capital Addis Ababa and is expected to supply both domestic and export markets. With a capacity of 1,870MW, Gibe III is the third plant on the Gibe-Omo hydroelectric cascade. The others are Gibe I and Gibe II, which are already operating. The government plans to build Gibe IV and V further downstream.

ታላ ኢትዮጵያውያ ኮን ፈረ በዋሽን ግተን ዲሲ ሜትሮ ከባቢ ፌደራሊዝምና ራዊ ንድነ ጥያ ክብር ጥሪ ተቀራር   ንዴት ኢትዮጵያና ኢትዮጵያውያ ንድነ ትን ማጠና ከር ደምን ችል ንወያይ  

Gender Equity, Safe Communities & New Americans Committee at Seattle City Hall
Agenda: Public Comment, Demographic Data Task Force Findings, Office of Immigrant and Refugee Affairs Citizenship Workshops Overview, Immigrant and Refugee Roundtable Discussion.

Economic Development and Democracy in Ethiopia: Performances and Challenges
By Teshome Adugna(PhD)1 December 6, 2016

1. Introduction
There are various debates about the relationship between economic development and democracy
in developing countries. Such debates were highly influenced by the political ideology or
principle followed by the given person. Most of the people that influenced by the current western
thinking of liberal democracy argue that economic development achieved only with the
developments of democracy. Actually these people could not show any empirical evidence of
the context of developing countries that achieve economic developments after building
successful democratic system. They usually use the experiences of the developed countries
democracy that could not be comparable with the emerging developing countries. The other
scholar or writers argue that democracy can be enhanced after certain level of economic and
social development. These groups argue that the precondition for the consolidations of
democratization practices in developing countries such as Sub Saharan African (SSA) Countries
is economic development.

a candid and humble interview with the author of “Love of Assimba” Mr, Kahsay Abraha Bisrat. Mr. Bisrat shared his personal account of the EPRP struggle as he recounted stories from his book

Eritrea / Egypt: Cairo and Asmara discussing the creation of a joint military command post in the Red Sea

President Isaias Arrives in Egypt to meet with President el-Sisi
President Isaias Afwerki arrived in Cairo International Airport today who was received at the airport by Sherif Ismail, Egypt's President of the Council of Ministers. President Isaias is expected to meet with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and other senior Egyptian officials to discuss ways to strengthen relations.The visit aims to build on the historical relations between the two countries to develop bilateral cooperation and coordination of efforts and visions on issues of common concern.
The visit comes amid rising Egyptian and Saudi Arabian tensions over Syria and the subsequent thawing of Saudi and Ethiopian relations

Curbing Corruption in Ethiopia:

Applying Democratic Autonomy at the Local Level

 Desta, Asayehgn,  Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development


 Ethiopia seems to be in a paradox. While its economy has been on a growth trajectory for the last fifteen years, more recently, Ethiopia’s landscape has been overwhelmed by deplorable rampant corruption and massive youth unemployment that has contributed to social upheaval in some parts of the country. In my earlier research, as a talking point, I proposed that Ethiopia needs to apply a deliberate use of an economic model known as “Employer of Last Resort” to fully tackle the existing youth unemployment. Briefly discussed, the “Employer of Last Resort” paradigm suggests that governments don’t need to entirely control employment but should give grants to privately administered institutions to facilitate and guarantee full employment opportunities to the unemployed who are ready and willing to work at a minimum wage in environmentally sensitive projects (Desta, 2016 and Baker 1993). 

Foreign Intervention, the Politics of Burning Public Property, and State of Emergency Declaration in Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD November 4, 2016

The EPRDF, though a catalyst in transformative change, is a byproduct of the larger Ethiopian society in which democracy is virtually absent. The ruling party, therefore, could hardly operate democratically. However, it does not logically follow that the seeds of democracy cannot be sown in the barren land of democracy-deprived Ethiopia. As the ubiquitous maxim goes, ‘if there is a will there is a way’ and if the EPRDF have had the will to sow the seeds of democracy and build incipient democratic institutions in Ethiopia, at the minimum, it could have realized political tolerance, fair and free elections, and freedom of speech and press as enshrined in the Ethiopian constitution.

CIRCC Candidates Forum October 8 2016 Seattle Washington Video

Ethiopia: Ben's Point of View on Current Issues 6

House of People's Representatives (HPR) today approved the new cabinet proposed by Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn.The PM said that he has dropped cluster coordinator with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister and adviser to the Prime Minister posts. 

Authorities Say Ethiopian Investments Are Safe. Citizens’ Access To Information? Not So Safe
By Dana Sanchez Published: October 27, 2016
“The violence has been controlled and we have created a situation where people are in a position to go about their normal lives without fear of being attacked,” said communications Minister Getachew Reda. “Many investments and factories are back in business and security and stability have been restored in parts of the country.” But observers say the mobile internet shutdown imposed since the state of emergency will drain the economy and undermine citizens’ rights to share and seek information.

Mr. PM and EPRDF: Disband, Ban and Prosecute ANDM!
http://www.ethiopiancommentator.com/Dejen Radio Commentary

No question about it. We strongly support the peoples’ right to peaceful and thoughtful protest. In fact, we strongly believe that demonstrations are an indispensable tool in the building of a government of the people, by the people and for the people. We believe that informed protests or demonstrations are forms of feedback. Since just about every one of us has a blind spot and governments are no exceptions, feedback is a powerful light or a vital window into the universe around us but we cannot see. we are deeply disturbed by the demonstrations or protests which took place in the Amhara and Oromia regions of our country, and more so deeply saddened by the violence and loss of lives and properties. 


የኢትዮጵያ የዴሞክራሲና የፌዴራል ስርዓት ግንባታ ከየት ወደ የት በሚል ፋና ብሮድካስቲንግ ኮርፖሬት ያዘጋጀው መድረክ- ክፍል አንድ

Victimized in their own Motherland
Admas Seged, PhD

It was shocking to hear and watch through multiple media outlets Tigreans, in their own country, being harassed, bitten, and killed in cities of the Amhara Regional State of Ethiopia. 

The mob-lynching crimes against Tigreans in their own country must be condemned in strongest terms possible. These historical tragedies will be recorded in history books. They are ultimate betrayals of the Tigreans-patriotic magnanimity.  

Strengthening Business Ties Between Italy and Africa
By   Fasil Amdetsion 

Many large Italian companies have little or no presence in Africa. Major reasons for the lack of a more significant Italian corporate presence in Africa are the misinformation and biases that continue to color perceptions about the continent. As one Italian commentator aptly put it, “In recent years, one can observe Italian business’ unawareness of the dynamics of Africa markets; perceptions are still anchored on dated impressions and prejudices of the 1980s of an Africa in decline.”

conversations with Ayte Gebremicheal Meles, Tigrai Region Communication Bureau Head
On the unfortunate FORCED-EXODUS of Ethiopian-Tegaru from Gonder for your posting considering.

Italy’s History in Africa is a Messy Affair

Map of Somalia. : Stock Illustration
In the first of a three-part series, Fasil Amdetsion looks at the evolution of Italy’s relationship with its former colonies in the Horn of Africa. Earlier this year, Italy hosted the first ever Italy-Africa Ministerial Conference in Rome. Held at the cavernous travertine-laden Farnesina headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the meeting was attended by high-level delegations from over 40 African countries. In his closing remarks, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi underscored his intention of broadening political and economic ties with the African continent, by voicing his hope for a “future in which Africa is seen not as the greatest threat—as some demagogues would have it—but as the greatest opportunity." The conference, which is intended to be a biennial affair, and Renzi’s visits to sub-Saharan Africa (the first ever by a sitting Italian premier) reflect the Italian government’s commitment to reinvigorating the relationship.

From Retroactive to Proactive Strategic Management Style: Redressing Widespread Social Unrest in Contemporary Ethiopia Desta, Asayehgn,  Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic 

Development Though it is uncertain who has been appropriating it, Ethiopia’s economy has been showing monumentally high economic growth for the last fifteen years. Given this economic environment, Ethiopia’s investment climate has been on the right trajectory and as a result it has been appealing to many domestic and foreign investors. 

Expose and fight the enemies of the Ethiopian people

Dr. Yohannes Kiros, 11-09-2016
No, the Ethiopia of today is not built on layers of straw but is a robust organic base bound by the blood and sacrifices of millions of peoples of Ethiopia. It is neither the TPLF nor the Tigray people that have been targeted, it is a target aimed at the freedom fighting peoples of Ethiopia, who would not allow any implanted hate-mongers with fascist ideas to make them stumble upon their hard-won victory. This generation of Ethiopians should not be oblivious to the resolve, courage, bravery and sacrifice of the heroes and heroines to free and build this progressive, peaceful Ethiopia that today is marching towards prosperity. Ethiopia today is, whether its enemies like it or not, an oasis of peace in a region set on fire with clan, tribal and fundamentalist conflicts. Not only is Ethiopia considered a regional mediator and player but is the main contributor to the peace-keeping forces under the auspices of the UN.

The fabricated Lies of ESAT must be challenged.

Ethiopian observer Editorial
It takes only a casual observer to note that the vast spectrum of lies and deception that has been deliberately infused to the public by fanatic groups in diaspora who are deeply resentful against Tegaru. The anti-Tegaru movement is supported and financed by opposition forces in the Diaspora. For reasons that were never clear, the opposition chose to attack the people of Tigrai to further its political objectives. It is time for all Tegaru in diaspora, with the rest of our people at home, to set a clear agenda and roadmap on how to combat the lies that are being fabricated day in day out to avoid such heinous and satanic plots that can only escalate ethnic tensions. We need radical changes how we should work together it has both personal and nationalistic underpinnings.

For Immediate Release: Ethiopian Americans in Seattle met to denounce ethnic violence targeting Tigreans, formed a committee for further actions.  

Contact: HOTLINE +1-253-642-7133, antihateethioseattle@gmail.com.

Where: Video/Tele (Face book live/other) conference to be determined.

What: Briefing on the formation of committee. 

When: Wednesday, September 7, 2016 

Tigraians deported from Amhara regionSeattle, WA, Ethiopian Americans, specifically ethnic Tigreans,  in the Greater Seattle Area met on Saturday, September 4, 2016, at the Tigrean Community Center and elected a committee to monitor, respond and mobilize resources to help victims of ethnically motivated attacks against Tigreans in Gondar and other parts of Amhara region. The public meeting was prompted by the very few diaspora extremist group's recent wave of deplorable ethnic violence and harassment against Tigreans in Ethiopia and the diaspora.

Editorial Observer

Call for pogrom-the verifiable attack of Tigreans by Dr. Gregory Stanton, President of Genocide Watch,

Tigreans could pay the price for Meles crimes – Gregory Stanton

November 12, 2010

Press release: for immediate publication 8 Sep 2016
Spotlight on regional achievements as East African Power Industry Awards finalists are announced
Awards were established to celebrate sector’s successes
Kenya Power, Eskom Uganda, the Nile Basin Initiative, Songas and Ethiopian Electric Power are just some of the region’s leading lights in the power industry that are finalists in this year’s East African Power Industry Awards that will take place during the East African Power Industry Convention (EAPIC) on 21 September at the Hilton Hotel in Nairobi. Well known media personality and CNBC Africa television news anchor Bonney Tunya will be the MC during the awards gala dinner.

Comment on Professor Desta’s Review of Lt.General Tsadkan’s Article

Jelal Nurligne, BSc

Arat Kilo

Wow, Professor Desta, this was a low punch. I heard it before from people who tried to muzzle Ex-EPRDF members and deny them credibility to cast or offer their views, but never expected it from a distinguished professor. I think Lt. General Tsadkan is a very courageous individual who has stepped forward to offer remedies because he believes that his country he risked his life for to liberate from brutalization is in danger. I only wish there were more him who would break ranks and their silence to change Ethiopia’s course peacefully and democratically. 

A Road Map to Resolving Contemporary Ethiopia’s Political Crises: A Comment on Lt. General Tsedaikan GebreTensae’sArticle  
Desta Asayehgn, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development

Recently, Ethiopia has been facing many kinds of surprising political activities. Though over the years, the regime in power turned deaf ears to genuine constructive criticisms from a number of Ethiopian scholars, the regime may now be turning  its  attention to them because uprisings have emerged not only in numerous parts of the country, but also in an interesting article was being posted on a number of websites. It was written by Lt. General Tsadakan Gebre Tensae, the former Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces (hereafter referred to as the author), who has dramatized the political crisis in Ethiopia. However, it should be made clear to the readers that the Amharic version in the Reporter (Hamli, 24, 2008) is slightly different from the English version posted in the Horn Affairs in English (August 4, 2016).Thus, it should be known that I have used both the Amharic and English versions,  along with General Tsadkan’s response to Prof. Messay Kebede’s in order to review and assess the author’s position.

አገሪቷን ለገጠሟት ችግሮች መፍትሔ የሚገኘው
በብሔራዊ ውይይት ብቻ ነው!
Ethiopian Reporter editorial

ለዓመታት ለተጠራቀሙ ብሶቶችና ቁርሾዎች መነሻ የሆኑ ተቃውሞዎች በተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ክፍሎች ተቀስቅሰው ለግጭቶች መንስዔ ሆነዋል:: ግጭቶቹ ለበርካታ ዜጎች ሕይወት መቀጠፍ፣ አካል መጉደልና ንብረት መውደም ምክንያት ከመሆናቸው በተጨማሪ በአገሪቱ አንፃራዊ ሰላም ላይ ሥጋት ጋርጠዋል:: የሕዝብ ጥያቄ በአግባቡ ባለመደመጡና ተገቢውን ምላሽ ባለማግኝቱ በምሬት የታጀቡ ወጣቶች አደባባይ ሲወጡ ምላሹ የከበደ በመሆኑ ከፍተኛ ጉዳት ደርሷል:: ይህንን አጋጣሚ እንደ ማንቂያ ደወል መጠቀም የነበረበት መንግሥት ያጋጠሙት ችግሮችን ከመፍታት ይልቅ ጣቱን ወደ ሌሎች ኃይሎች ሲቀስር፣ ሁኔታውን እንደ መልካም አጋጣሚ በማየት ችግሮቹን የበለጠ የሚያባብሱና የሚያወሳስቡ ወገኖችም ተከስተዋል:: ሁለት እልህ የተጋቡ ኃይሎችን ወደ ክብ ጠረጴዛ አምጥቶ ያጋጠሙ ችግሮችን በሰላማዊ መንገድ መፍታት ያስፈልጋል:: ለዚህም ሲባል ማንኛውም መስዕዋትነት መከፈል አለበት:: ከአገርና ከሕዝብ ህልውና የሚቀድም የለምና::

A candid discussions with General Tsadkan Gebre Tensae (ጀነራል -ፃጥቃን /ትንሳኤ), former chief of staff of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia regarding Ethiopia’s current political challenges and solutions.

The civil society we want for Africa renewal

Seife Tadelle Kidane, President of Africa Speaks
There is this expansive understanding and perception that a strong civil society is imperative
to fostering development, democracy and human rights that Africa desperately needs.. Civil
society is traditionally a third actor, along with the state and the market, and it’s no less
important than these two, acting as a crucial complement and corrective tool that allows
democratic and inclusive development. It is interesting to-see how it has been playing a
pivotal role on the continent. However, the role of civil society organizations at national and
continental levels remains blurred. The narrative that the African civil society cooperates
with authoritarian/neo-patrimonial regimes should not paint a generic picture that it cannot
foster Africa’s development, rather, the continent should aspire to transform such civil
societies into the ones that can foster development. It is clear that that the African civil
society looks upon the developed world.

Post not to Post The  Website Editors Dilemma

Dear Ethiopian observer readers and followers,

It has come to my attention from close friends and ethioobserver.net readers TAND's statement on the uprising in Gondar titled ጎንደር የህዝቡ ትግል ሲግል-የኢህኣዴግ ውድቀት ሲቀላጠፍ has generated strong descending views. Even though I do appreciate your candied opinion, I want to assure you that Ethioobserver’ s Achilles’ heel is its reputation of to be trustworthy, adhering to freedom of press and speech and being honest and open with the public. Ethioobserver continues to navigate a rocky road towards securing the interest of every concerned citizen of Ethiopia who are considered on many issues to have their say based on the guidelines. We unify through diversification. Let’s speak unity and harmony, minimize the differences in our backgrounds, while maximizing the common grounds. Our diversity of ideas should be an advantage and allows us to big. Genuine participation on the cyber world does not unfold without at least initial support or oppose. 

Pan-Ethiopian Agenda Vs Sectarian Ethnocentric Politics 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD August 4, 2016 

This essay, as its title suggests, intends to discuss the significance and preponderance of an overarching Ethiopian nationalism over narrow ethnic nationalism. This is not the first time I have addressed a pan-Ethiopian agenda that is more inclusive vis-à-vis exclusive or divisive ethnocentric politics; I have indeed produced many similar articles in the past , some of which are: 1) ለኢትዮጵያ የሚበጅ የፖለቲካ ስትራተጂ መቀየሰ የሁላችን ሐላፊነት ነው (2006); 2) የትምክህተኝነትና የጠባብ ብሔርተኝነት አደገኛነት; 3) Beyond Ethnocentric Ideology and Paradigm Shift for A Greater Ethiopian Unity.

Travel review: Ethiopia - land of lost Ark
Could a country once ripped apart by famine now be Africa’s most exciting holiday destination? Sarah Marshall visits Ethiopia.
Clinging like a limpet to the sheer sandstone rock face, I dig my toes into disconcertingly shallow foot holes. Hiking shoes would have been useful, I sigh, but on the final leg of a hike to Ethiopia’s most inaccessible place of worship, barefoot is the only option.

Published on Jun 30, 2016
Former President Thabo Mbeki was the keynote speaker at a session to celebrate 120 years of the battle of ADWA. This session was part of the Africa Unity for Renaissance Conference & Africa Day Expo on 25 May 2016. The session took place at Ditsong Museum of South Africa in Tshwane.
He will addressed the session on “The 120 Years of the Adwa African Victory.” Led by Empress Taitu, the wife of Emperor Menelik II, and the Emperor’s generals, the patriotic Ethiopian army defeated the Italian colonial forces at Adwa, Ethiopia on 1 March 1896 and thus secured Ethiopia’s independence from colonial rule. The victory at Adwa would later serve as an inspiration in the struggle against colonial rule to subsequent generations of Ethiopians and other Africans throughout the Continent.

Ethiopia’s Suppressed Historical Treasures in the Northern Frontier:
Key Manifestations of the Hidden-True History worth Exploring
Asghedom Ghebremichael, PhD

13 July 2016
Why History Matters

For the purpose of this piece, treasures refer to precious socio cultural, natural, and historical heritages of a nation. In her four frontiers: the North, the South, the East, and the West, Ethiopia possesses an immense wealth of historical inheritance and natural wealth, which must be explored, recorded, safeguarded, and disseminated throughout the world. Each Ethiopia’s nation, nationality, and people contribute to this wealth, which is a national pride that can enhance social harmony, socioeconomic development, political stability, and national image. This is Ethiopia’s best way to unity in diversity, renaissance, and genuine sustainable development

The Necessity of Strategic Vision in the Ethiopian Israeli Relations

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD                          July 9, 2016

Strategic vision entails a long-term comprehensive plan and its objective is essentially to promote the interests of a country without making worse-off the other country that is involved in the partnership discourse. The latter concept or policy is facilitated and translated into action via diplomacy, a fine vehicle that manages international relations. Incidentally, Ethiopians are astute diplomats and suffice to read the letter exchanges of Emperors Yohannes and Menelik with foreign heads of states and dignitaries in the late 19th century and early 20th century, not to mention the clever diplomatic ventures of Emperor Haile Selassie. The legacy of these leaders is still visible amongst present Ethiopian diplomats.  

UN: African Union must investigate Eritrean crimes

Rights groups and activists welcome the UN resolution, but they call for concrete actions to hold Eritrea accountable. The United Nations rights council has called on the African Union to investigate Eritrean leaders over alleged crimes against humanity after a damning report by a UN commission.
UN: Eritrea government commits crimes against humanity. In that report, the UN's Commission of Inquiry (COI) for Eritrea said the government of President Isaias Afwerki had committed heinous crimes since independence a quarter-century ago, including the "enslavement" of 400,000 people. Many of those abuses are allegedly linked to a harsh national service programme in the secretive Horn of Africa state, which for many is almost impossible to escape and which the COI compared to lifetime enslavement.

World View 17th June 2016 - Ethiopian and Eritrean Ambassadors go head-to-head on KTN

As some of you may already know four palettes of books, a total of 84 boxes were shipped to Tigray on June 29, 2016, thanks to the donation of our late brother, Ato Tekle Haileselassie. Even though it has been several years since he donated the books verbally, the logistics did not come together until now. This time however, Ato Tekle’s wife, W/ro Tsehay and some close family members and friends got together to box the books and get them ready for shipment. Who are these good people who rose up to the occasion? Who does QSSAAF-I have to thank for the donation and the hard work that was accomplished? They are: First and foremost,

Eritrea’s Allegiance to terrorize the region
Desta Hailu

I think it was four year ago - after the United Nations Security Council imposed two sanctions on Shabiya. At the time, the Security Council had setup a monitoring group that would investigate the situation in Somalia and Eritrea. The reason for setting up the monitoring group is to investigate and verify the Eritrea’s regime claim that it didn’t have any ties to Al-Shabaab.
However, the monitoring group has confirmed through a 500 page report that the Asmara administration has ties with al-Shabaab and the regime follows an anti-peace path - which includes assembling forces of unrest that operate in the region - even after two sanctions were imposed on it.

Eritrea escapes U.N. Security Council referral over human rights
by Reuters 

UN investigation has said Eritrea leaders should be tried for crimes against humanity, including rape and enslaving hundreds of thousands of people
By Tom Miles
GENEVA, July 1 (Reuters) - Eritrea may escape censure by the U.N. Security Council over its human rights record after the U.N. Human Rights Council passed a watered-down resolution against the African state on Friday. A U.N. investigation set up by the Human Rights Council said last month that Eritrea's leaders should be tried for crimes against humanity, including torture, rape, murder and enslaving hundreds of thousands of people.The investigators, who published a 484-page report a year ago detailing the crimes and the country's use of a "vast security network", recommended that the situation in the country to be referred to the International Criminal Court.

World Bank gives Ethiopia $100m to fight drought
The World Bank has approved $100 million to help Ethiopia fight drought, officials said.
The bank's board of directors made the announcement Thursday in view of the current drought, considered Ethiopia's worst in 50 years. Besides the eight million Ethiopians who have been receiving food aid for several years under the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP), an additional 10 million others needed urgent food assistance

Disenchantment grows in Egypt as democratic hopes recede

Three years after huge crowds of Egyptians rallied to oust Islamist president Mohamed Morsy, democratic hopes have given way to a spiralling crackdown on freedoms in the name of stability.
On June 30, 2013 millions took to the streets of Cairo and other cities to call for the removal of Morsy, whose rule had been deeply divisive. Their hopes were fulfilled on July 3 when the army stepped in for the second time in less than three years to remove a president following mass protests — only unlike veteran autocrat Hosni Mubarak, Morsy had been democratically elected. Now that former military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has become president, the state tolerates no more protests, and little criticism.

Ethiopia: Human Rights in Despair
Presented by Aregawi Berhe (PhD), at the AEHRF side event of the 32nd Session of Human Rights Council, UN, Geneva
- 23 June 2016

Mr. Chairman, Members of the panel, distinguished participants: Ethiopia, under the ruling EPRDF which holdfast power for the last 25 years, is in a deep political and socio-economic crisis, with the people protesting their dismal conditions throughout the country day in day out and facing barbaric attacks. The regime knows no rational and peaceful means to resolve the plight of the people, but only resort to brute force to silence legitimate dissent. It adamantly quells all the numerous nation-wide peaceful protests with street assassination, arbitrary arrest, torture, mysterious disappearances and mass killings. Such barbaric tactics,

African Union should probe Eritrea violations: UN body

(iStock)Geneva - The United Nations rights council on Friday called on the African Union to investigate Eritrean leaders over alleged crimes against humanity after a damning report by a UN commission.
In that report, the UN's Commission of Inquiry (COI) for Eritrea said the government of President Isaias Afwerki had committed heinous crimes since independence a quarter-century ago, including the "enslavement" of 400 000 people. Many of those abuses are allegedly linked to a harsh national service programme in the secretive Horn of Africa state, which for many is almost impossible to escape and which the COI compared to lifetime enslavement. In a resolution that passed with consensus by the body's 47 members, the Human Rights Council said it "strongly encourages the African Union to follow up on the (COI) report".

Forces of destruction should be curtailed!
By Yohannes Kiros, PhD

It was disheartening to hear several series of the online audio reportage recently by
Aigaforum.com (http://aigaforum.com/documents/Tigrean-Victims-in-Northern-Gonder) of the rampage and looting against the victims in the Shinfa Metema Wereda in Amhara kilil. Although this sad story took place six months ago, it was now thanks to Tamrat Yemane it came out to the public’s knowledge. These hard working people, who have the full freedom of movement and work in any part of the country were assaulted and robbed of their homes and hard earned properties worth millions of Birr by a mob in full daylight and in the presence of the special police force, regional officials and kebele guards. The irony of this tragic incident is that it took place at the very day of the celebration of the Nations and Nationalities day, where ethnic tolerance and coexistence marks the Ethiopian identity.

U.N. Accuses Eritrea’s Leaders of Crimes Against Humanity

GENEVA — The leaders of Eritrea are responsible for crimes against humanity, a United Nations commission of inquiry said Wednesday, calling for international action to hold them to account, including referral to the International Criminal Court. The inquiry found that “officials at the highest levels of state,” including the ruling party and military commanders of the East African nation, “have committed and continue to commit” crimes including enslavement, imprisonment and disappearances, torture, rape and murder. One of the most egregious offenses, the United Nations commission found, was the forced conscription of young people in a never-ending national service program that has driven thousands of young Eritreans to flee, many to Europe.

Reflections on Strategy for Sweden’s Development Cooperation with Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD June 1, 2016

This paper intends to systematically analyze Sweden’s development cooperation with Ethiopia (2016-2020) in the context of the multivariate facets or component parts of the Strategy and in conjunction with Ethiopia’s role in the transformation process and overall development agenda. First, however, I like to present a brief synopsis of the distinctive history of Sweden that ultimately led to the Swedish Model. Sweden is one of the most fascinating, prosperous, and peaceful country in our planet earth; and this is not a mere historical accident or coincidence. What makes Sweden one of the most successful and best countries in the world has to do with its long tradition of peaceful resolution to conflicts and its rich political culture in social democracy; admittedly, however, Sweden was engaged in wars with Denmark, Russia, and Poland in the 17th century and it even became a regional power in the Baltic zone in the same century. 

Establishing the Ethio-Adwa Pan-African University:

Some Suggestions

Professor Desta, Asayehgn

The defeat of the Italian forces by Ethiopian patriots at the Battle of Adwa on March 1, 1896, became a mountain of pride and inspiration to millions who cherish black heritage. Later, in 1914 and 1917in Jamaica and in the United States, Marcus Garvey, a well-known African nationalist, ignited his supporters against white racism by stressing emphatically the way the Ethiopian patriotic forces dismantled Italian aggression at the Battle of Adwa. Using phrases such as “Ethiopia thou land of our fathers,” Garvey further galvanized his followers to adopt his “Back to Africa Movement” slogans. To arouse passion against colonial aggression and racism, Benito Sylvian of Haiti, Joseph Vitalien of the West Indies, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells, and W.E. B. Du Bois, all represented Ethiopia as a tower of independence,  and the Battle of Adwa gave hope that European colonization could be resisted with dignity. 

Linkages between Economic Growth and Food Security: An Eclectic Perspective
We live in a world where of the 80,000 edible plants used for food, only about 150 are being cultivated, and just eight are traded globally. In a world where we produce food for 12 billion people when there are only 6.3 billion living, 800 million suffer from malnutrition. 
Vandana Shiva. World-renowned environmental leader (Manifesto on the Future of Food & Seed, 2007).
Professor Desta, Asayehgn 

The causal linkage between food security and economic growth hasn’t been fully resolved. That is, does food security contribute to economic growth or does economic growth result in food security; or is there a two-way causal relationship between economic growth and food security? The causality has not yet been ascertained. Drawing on previous research and insights, this study attempted to find and understand the relationship between food availability and economic growth.  

Nelson Mandela: CIA tip-off led to 1962 Durban arrest

Nelson Mandela's arrest in 1962 came as a result of a tip-off from an agent of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), a report says. The revelations, made in the Sunday Times newspaper, are based on an interview with ex-CIA agent Donald Rickard shortly before he died. Mandela served 27 years in jail for resisting white minority rule before being released in 1990. He was subsequently elected as South Africa's first black president. Rickard, who died earlier this year, was never formally associated with the CIA but worked as a diplomat in South Africa before retiring in the late 70s. The interview was conducted by British film director John Irvin, who has made a film, Mandela's Gun, about his brief career as an armed rebel, the Sunday Times said.

ETHIOPIA: Why Regime Change Won't Work

By Tesfaye Habisso, 03/04/ 2016 . "If you take power by violence, you will rule by violence, and you can only be removed by violence." (Pik Botha, foreign minister of South Africa, Time, June 30, 1986) . "There is a new and unique development in human history that is taking place around the world; it is unprecedented in reach and volume, and it is also the greatest threat to all global power structures: 'THE GLOBAL POLITICAL AWAKENING'[Andrew Gavin Marshall]

Beyond Ethnocentric Ideology and Paradigm Shift for a Greater Ethiopian Unity

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD    April 20, 2016

This essay intends to address the current Ethiopian affairs in the context of ethnocentric politics and Ethiopian unity, twin themes that I have discussed numerous times in my previous works, but it will also respond to some critics pertaining to my VOA interview on Wolkait-Tsegede district of Ethiopia. The latter, though it unnecessarily stirred controversy especially among the disgruntled and misinformed Ethiopian groupings, it is very much relevant to the kernel of this paper. As indicated above, I have addressed the issue surrounding ethnic politics and Ethiopian unity several times in the past, and my first article entitled “Nation Building Beyond Ethnic Nationalism” was published in The Ethiopian Mirror in 1992.1 The central thesis of this article was straight forward and clear: Ethiopians to transcend ethnic nationalism and embrace rather a pan-Ethiopian agenda. My recommendation then had resonated among the Ethiopian Diaspora because, unlike today, Ethiopians were not inoculated with the virus of narrow and sectarian ethnic nationalism.

The difference between being an Ethiopian and being Habesha.
By Magn Nyang

February 17, 2009 — Recently, a 22-year old young girl from Anyuak of Gambella won the beauty contest of Ms. Ethiopia. Lots of responses went out on media from Ethiopians all over the world about her win. Even though, most respondents seemed very knowledgeable about the differences between being an Ethiopian and being Habesha, few seemed confused about the differences. In their writings, the confused ones, wrote as if they own Ethiopia and as if being an Ethiopian means being Habesha. This article seeks to show the differences between being an Ethiopian and being Habesha. No Ethiopian is more Ethiopian than the other. One is only an Ethiopian, no more, no less. Some Habeshas, however, seem to see themselves as more Ethiopians than the others. What they don’t seem to understand is that one can not quantify one’s citizenship. One can only be Ethiopian. Not more Ethiopian.

First U.S.A. Patent for Ethiopic Granted

By Staff Reporter, April 5, 2016

Ethiopian Computers & Software of Colorado announced that it was granted a U.S.A. patent number 9,000,957 on April 7, 2015. The patent the CEO of the company, Dr. Aberra Molla, received involves the typing of the Ethiopic characters with one and two keystrokes each in computers. The patented novel Ethiopic character entry method known as ABSHA system is for typing the default characters with one keystroke and the rest with two keystrokes each. It is virtually similar to typing the English alphabet in computers and some other devices (http://patents.com/us-9000957.html). The invention by the Ethiopian-American scientist is also significant in that the patent application 20090179778 of July 16, 2009, (http://www.google.com/patents/US20090179778

as cited by six new U.S.A. patents for English and other uses by the time it was granted in 2015.

German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) has released the Panama Papers, the biggest leak in the history of data journalism, publishing online 11.5 million documents equaling 2.6 terabytes, from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, which showed how hundreds of thousands of people, including world leaders, celebrities, athletes, FIFA officials and criminals hid money using anonymous shell corporations across the world. The Panamanian law firm, regarded as one of the world’s most secretive companies, according to the documents, has helped clients launder money, dodge sanctions and evade tax. “Over a year ago, an anonymous source contacted the Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) and submitted encrypted internal documents from Mossack Fonseca, a Panamanian law firm that sells anonymous offshore companies around the world,” SZ noted. “These shell firms enable their owners to cover up their business dealings, no matter how shady

Multi-party Consensus Autonomous Self-Rule Democracy: A Briefing for Tomorrow’s Ethiopia
Professor Desta, Asayehgn

In the terrible history of famines in the world, no substantial famine has everoccurred in any independent democratic country with a relatively free press (Amartya Sen, 1999).
The assumptions, the nature and possible challenges of good governance may be better appreciated considering the Lijphart’s paradigm of consensus democracy. Over the years, the British system of government, a majoritarian democracy or the Westminster type of governance, has been criticized because it is constitutionally biased toward quick decision-making and its actions are based on a democratically elected majority in the government. 

First U.S.A. Patent for Ethiopic Granted

April 5, 2016

Ethiopian Computers & Software of Colorado announced that it was granted a U.S.A. patent number 9,000,957 on April 7, 2015. The patent the CEO of the company, Dr. Aberra Molla, received involves the typing of the Ethiopic characters with one and two keystrokes each in computers. The patented novel Ethiopic character entry method known as ABSHA system is for typing the default characters with one keystroke and the rest with two keystrokes each. It is virtually similar to typing the English alphabet in computers and some other devices (http://patents.com/us-9000957.html). The invention by the Ethiopian-American scientist is also significant in that the patent application 20090179778 of July 16, 2009,

City of Seattle launches Digital Equity Initiative Action Plan March 30, 2016 by Office of the Mayor - Today, Mayor Edward Murray announced the launch of the Digital Equity Initiative Action Plan. The Plan provides steps forward for the City to provide equitable technology opportunities for all Seattle residents and communities through device and technical support, greater Internet connectivity and skills training. - See more at: http://murray.seattle.gov/author/krobertson/#sthash.r3j4OSti.dpbs

China’s 'imminent issue': Djibouti and overseas military interests
China's decision to build logistical facilities for its navy in Djibouti has been downplayed in official statements after it was announced last November, but it represents a clear departure from The mainstream discourse of Chinese experts stresses the key difference between logistical facilities and military bases overseas, and there is an effort to dismiss concerns that China is being assertive and expansionist. At the same time, the role of the Chinese military in helping support non-combatant evacuations has been welcomed in Europe as a new direction that offers cooperation opportunities on security issues in a volatile area. Therefore, China’s presence in Djibouti can be seen as an opportunity for European nations to explore military cooperation with the PLA.

We Africa Speaks congratulate the Republic of Ghana for this historic move of introducing a vision-
arrival policy which allows all citizens of AU member states to visit the country and obtain visas at
a port of entry upon arrival for a stay of up to thirty 30 days. Africans are celebrating this policy
across the continent with a high expectation that other African countries will follow in the footsteps of Ghana. On this note, we should not forget that pioneer countries like Rwanda, Mauritius and
Seychelles who introduced same visa free regime for African citizens and we are more than hopeful
than ever more countries to join the same path.

The Contradiction between Good Governance and the Developmental State in Ethiopia

Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD March 21, 2016
Good governance has now become the vogue, if not the primary policy agenda of developing countries around the world that seek aid from international financial institutions (IFIs) like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The concept was launched during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a major UN agenda initiated at the turn of the 21st century, a program of action to be achieved between 2000 and 2015, but most of the developing nations were unable to realize the MDG.

Africa’s $700 Billion Problem Waiting to Happen – Foreign Policy
By Foreign Policy the Global Magazine  March 17, 2016 

Canadian Navy sailor stays alert while guarding World Food Programme (WFP) ship into Mogadishu as they provide on September 18, 2008 an anti-pirate escort for the ship taking food aid to Somalia. The UN Security Council in June adopted a resolution authorizing foreign warships to enter Somalia's territorial waters with the government's consent to combat pirates, though it has yet to be implemented. European foreign ministers agreed to set up a special unit to coordinate the fight against piracy off Somalia, raising the possibility of an EU naval mission to the region. AFP PHOTO/SIMON MAINA (Photo credit should read SIMON MAINA/AFP/Getty Images)
The Horn of Africa region is central to the world’s maritime trade. It’s also beginning to fall apart.

Modifying the ‘One Size Fits All’ Good Governance Agenda for Ethiopia

Desta, Asayehgn- Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Barowsky School of Business, Dominican University of California  
As advocated by neo-liberal entities, the agenda of good governance is grounded on democratic principles that create on-going interaction processes that are supposed to solidify, governmental structures, functions and practices of the state and its people. As the a key driver to economic growth to alleviate poverty in developing countries, the  interaction process of good governance embeds core guidelines that include, the rule of law, citizen participation, transparency, accountability, and elimination of corruption.Given that the democratization process and the components of good governance are central to the achievement of development goals for the twenty-first century (Punyaratabandhu, 2004), it is either naïveté or arrogance not to defend the concept of good governance. 

'First human' discovered in Ethiopia
By Pallab Ghosh

Science correspondent, BBC News

Scientists have unearthed the jawbone of what they claim is one of the very first humans.
The 2.8 million-year-old specimen is 400,000 years older than researchers thought that our kind first emerged. The discovery in Ethiopia suggests climate change spurred the transition from tree dweller to upright walker. The head of the research team told BBC News that the find gives the first insight into "the most important transitions in human evolution". Prof Brian Villmoare of the University of Nevada in Las Vegas said the discovery makes a clear link between an iconic 3.2 million-year-old hominin (human-like primate) discovered in the same area in 1974, called "Lucy".

Best Importer of Incendiary Spices: East African Imports
Wed., Aug 1 2007

Amanuel, a soft-spoken Metro bus driver, runs East African Imports out of the corner of a strip mall in Judkins Park. Beaded masks, musical instruments, and posters of bare-breasted African women line the walls, while the nucleus of the store is composed of racks of lentils, fenugreek seeds, butter-flavoring agents, and berbere, the fiery spice mix that provides the complex heat of Ethiopian stews. This is one end of the operation; on the other end, in Addis Ababa, is Amanuel's septuagenarian mom, Whaid, who oversees a workforce of maybe a half-dozen people. "They buy the raw material, and they grind and mix it," says Amanuel, who's 48. "My mom is the one who controls the quality."

Ethiopian Calendar, neither Gregorian nor Julian: Prof. Ephraim Issac
Note: The renowned Ethiopian born US scholar Prof. Ephraim Isaac, said that the Ethiopian calendar is unique in that it belongs neither to the Julian, nor to the Gregorian calendars. The professor was quoted saying this on the Ethiopian Herald some eight years ago. 
Historical literature shows that the calendars of the entire world are based on the work of the old Egyptian astronomers who discovered, as early as 3000 BC to 4000 BC that the solar or sidereal year lasted slightly less than 365 ¼ days.  However, it was left to the astronomers of the Alexandrian school to incorporate this knowledge into some sort of calendar; and it was these astronomers who also came up with the idea of leap years.

One of only two nations in the world never to have been occupied. Home to people who speak over 80 languages. The only African country with its own alphabet. The only country in the world with a 13 month year. This is Ethiopia.
By Tony Milne 
Located in what’s known as the Horn of Africa, a peninsula in Northeast Africa, we rarely hear about Ethiopia’s fascinating history and its medieval world in Lalibela, shaped from stone. Nor do we read about its historical treasures such as its ancient tombs and the obelisks of Aksum. Most would barely have heard of Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn. Fewer still would be aware that Ethiopia is referred to by a portion of people as the Lion of Africa due to its economic expansion, growing at 11 per cent - that’s twice the regional average.

The Battle of Adwa, African Victory in the Age of Empire: A Reflection
Desta, Asayehgn, Ph.D, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Dominican University of California

April 2014

The defeat of Italy by Ethiopia on March 1, 1896 at the Battle of Adwa, then the vibrant capital of Tigrai, not only demonstrated the resilience and patriotism of Ethiopians but also made Ethiopia the steward of future hopes for the emancipation of the other nations that were subjugated under foreign rule. For example, Japan, used Ethiopia’s experience as its model and developed a strategy to fight against Russia in 1904. However, for a number of the European colonialists, when they heard that Italy was defeated by the heroic Ethiopian army at the Battle of Adwa in 1896, they were surprised and humiliated that members of the white race had lost. They suddenly had to rethink their ideas and policies about Africa being predominantly inhabited by primitive people that needed colonial rule in order to advance into a modern world.

“If you want peace prepare for war.” 2,500 year old Greek maxim
PART 1It is of strategic interest, for Ethiopia to have a peaceful and democratic Eritrea. Chaos and bloodshed from internecine wars are catastrophic by their very nature, and will directly and indirectly affect Ethiopia. Above all the heavy toll that will be paid to clear such a mess of human tragedy leaves the whole society in tangible agony. It is not about who suffered or lost most. 
The paranoid regime of Isaias, has been orchestrating vitriolic hate against the Ethiopian public from the beginning. (It seems the doctrine of animosity was what Jamal Abdel Nasser taught the ELF leaders from day one and the EPLF have followed it with vigour up until now.)

Ethiopia: The Danger Of a Single Story and What We Ethiopians Can Do About It
The Danger Of a Single Story and What We Ethiopians Can Do About It
By Assegid Habtewold

Based on Nigerian novelist Chimamanda Adichie’s Global TED Talk, which was filmed in 2009, I recently wrote a blog. The talk was very powerful- over 9 million people have watched it. 
Ethiopian businesses and organizations are plagued by lack of branding. It was bothersome for us to acknowledge the fact that the majority of Ethiopian organizations are unable to pick a brand and create a story in alignment with their mission. We see duplication everywhere and in every industry. For example, someone opens a restaurant in one corner. Behold, someone starts a restaurant the next door with a different name and begins serving the same menu. You struggle to choose, especially if you aren’t from the area. They made it hard for their customers. You have to go and eat at each place before you understand their unique offers.

World’s fastest growing economy Ethiopia is new flavour of the month for Africa watchers
ETHIOPIA is the new flavor of the month for Africa watchers.

The East African nation led the pack of fastest-growing economies — not just in Africa, but in the world — in 2015. While many African nations are struggling to cope with plunging currencies and falling revenue from commodities, Ethiopia’s economy grew 8.7% last year and is set to expand 8.1% in 2016, according to International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates.


Solomon Gebreselassie     January 2016

At the end of 2015 and going onto the first weeks of 2016, about 140 Oromo youth were murdered, and about 5,000 incarcerated by forces of the ruling Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF)/Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) party. Theircrime? They participated in a peaceful demonstration protesting the widespread dispossession of farmlands in the Oromia regional state bordering the capital Addis Abeba. A similar protest, although not claiming as many lives, had taken place nearly 2 years ago in some areas of the regional state. The federal government and the regional party OPDO have since halted the policy of the expansion of the planned development into Addis’s suburban areas. Civil disobedience, as part of the peaceful struggle in Ethiopia, empowered the protesters and proved once again that Ethiopians can assert their natural rights by engaging in peaceful, defiant acts.

Analyzing the Causes of Rejection and Downgrading of Semi-Finished Products in Ethiopian Leather and Leather Industries: Situational analysis of Semi-Finished Products from the Sheba Leather Industry
Hadush Berhe Asgedom, Assistant Professor, Tsegay Tesfay Mezgebe, Lecturer, Ethiopian Institute of Technology-Mekelle, Mekelle University; and Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of sustainable economic development, Dominican University of California, USA
                          Executive Summary 
The quality of semi-finished products has implications for production costs and sales prices. Poor quality materials are expensive to process and result in a high percentage of low grade products including rejects. Leather is an important industry involving a large number of institutions, associations, government and non-governmental institutions, and private entities in Ethiopia. However, leather defects are imperfections occurring on the surface or within the structure of the raw material ultimately resulting in an unsightly appearance and weakness of the resulting product leading to rejection and down-grading. 

Promotion of good governance and corruption as a constant melody

Ethiopian Observer editorial: January 25, 2016

We need to build a strong institution, where the tenets of accountability, responsibility and transparency are internalized to last longer than any individual or leadership.  In the more rapidly changing world, what has worked in the past is insufficient, and therefore one needs a leadership that is able to adapt to a changing environment. If the current leadership needs to stay in power, its performance must change in response to the changing needs of the people. Leaders who lack vision, knowledge and flexibility blinded by their inadequacies should be humble enough to realize their shortcoming and drastically change their ways for betterment of the society or hand over their powers to better-qualified citizens. Sixty thousand fearless fighters paid so huge sacrifices, in order to empower the mass, which should have the final say or at the helm in all relevant issues instead of taking a backseat. This should be a clear message, which can energize and inspire people, bedrock upon which the future is built.

Teshome Abebe
January 23, 2016

A few days after the TPLF forces entered Addis Abeba in 1991, a lone tank rolled down a gravel highway from Kobo, a small town in Eastern Hararghe, West to a commercial town called Deder. Before entering Deder itself, the tank commander and its crew stopped to chat with the curious onlookers who had come to investigate why the beastly looking motorized vehicle was in the area. The commander asked the crowd if any one had noticed armed men in the area, and specifically, if members of an Oromo liberation front force (ONLF) were present in the vicinity. Perhaps satisfied with the responses, the commander ordered the tank crew to head back to Kobo and to whatever other mission he had in mind. It never occurred to the tank crew that there was a population of citizens who would be at the mercy of the belligerent group hiding in plain view or, if it did occur to them, they did not care.

Democratic Self-rule Federalism: The Legitimacy of Self-Determination in Ethiopia 

Professor, DestaA sayehgn

Based on the recent unrest that has been precipitated by the Oromo people in Ethiopia, a number of observers such as Davison,2015;Muindi, 2016; and Borago, 2016, have argued that the Addis Ababa Master Plan has not only undermined self-determination but also contributed to a further loss of autonomy and the marginalization of Oromos living on the outskirts of the Federal capital, Addis Ababa. As stated by the European Parliament (1, 21, 2016): for the past two months,
…Ethiopia’s largest region, Oromia, has been hit by a wave of mass protests over the expansion of the municipal boundary of the capital, Addis Abba, which has posed risks of eviction for farmers from their land.


Good Governance as an Ultimate Weapon to Eradicate Poverty:
The Utmost Wish of the Tigrai People to Own that Weapon!

Asghedom Ghebremichael, PhD

Canada: 21 Jan. 2016
Good Governance Conference 2016: an Event that Ushered in Hope and Optimism
Yes, this was good news to many. Acknowledging existence of the social disease called corruption,
manifested through mischievous activities of rent-seeking selfish individuals, is a very good start
strategically. Observing a reigning government admitting the challenges it is facing and considering good governance (detailed below) as an ultimate weapon to defeat the enemy number one, poverty, has ushered in hope and optimism among many of us, who are willing to contribute our shares. We look forward to reading the final resolutions’ 11-point Communiqué of the Conference

To complement and support the efforts of the Administration of the Tigray Region that is currently undertaking promotion of good governance (ሰናይ ምምሕድ). Citizens and friends of the country around the globe spoke up candidly and passionately to strengthen it. Enjoy Part I of our conversation. Part 2 and 3 coming soon

ሰናይ ምምሕድዳር ዝፍትሓሉ~~ ሰላምን ዴሞክራስን ንህዝቢ ትግራይን ኢትዮጵያን ~ይኹነልና ።


Note: The Egyptian Air Force is the 4th largest F-16 operator in the world, mustering about 195 F-16s of 220 ordered. Their overall fighter fleet is a mix of high-end F-16s and Mirage 2000s, low-end Chinese F-7s (MiG-21 copy) bought from the Chinese, a few F-4 Phantom II jets, and upgraded but very aged Soviet MiG-21s and French Mirage 5s


By the way, where  are Tigray’s territorial  frontiers, and how deep is its historical footprints, and what has been its contribution to Ethiopia’s renaissance in faith, national identity and resolve, government, 

 (Emergency Response Task Force to Support Displaced Tigreans Washington DC, Maryland and Virginia)

ተግባሪት ኮሚቴ ረድኤት ተመዛበልቲ ተጋሩ መፀዋዕታ ሓገዝ ንተመዛበልቲ ተጋሩ
Emergency Response Task Force for Displaced Tigreans

For Immediate Release: Ethiopian Americans  All Tigreans and Friends  (English version)

in Seattle met to denounce ethnic violence targeting Tigreans, formed a committee for further actions.  

Contact: HOTLINE +1-253-642-7133, antihateethioseattle@gmail.com.

Where: Video/Tele (Face book live/other) conference to be determined.

What: Briefing on the formation of committee. 

When: Wednesday, September 7, 2016 


Myth and Reality

Purposeless, chained to a wife,

Turns into idolatry,

Man abhors a vacuum life,

A spicy mistress is Mystery;

Edu’s graduation’s clips


Ethiopia on the Crossroad part two

Part II. Travel to Amara, Harari and Oromia regions of Ethiopia
By Dr. Yohannes Kiros

Ethiopian Tourism

The travel to the wonderful and beautiful places in Ethiopia
By Dr. Yohannes Kiros

Erta Ale (The smoking mountain) and its environs in Afar (see earlier article on Ethioobserver Feb. 2015)



Girmay Aregawi (froz) CEO  and EditorMr. Girmay Aregawi is a highly gifted author, song writer, poet, and journalist who lives and work in the greater city of Mekelle, Tigray Ethiopia. He published several notable books that had been recognized and utilized by many colleges and universities. He is very creative and unpretentious writer and person. He is also the owner and editor of the website www.felhitube.com

based in Tigray, Ethiopia. 

For Interpretation Services of Ethiopian Languages (Tigrinya, Amharic) please contact the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) by calling 203-747-2763 or writing via webmaster@africanidea.org 

A panel discussions conducted with Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia
On the issue of Djibouti, its past, present, and future relationship. 

Queen Sheba Schools Alumni Association and Friends – International Board

ህዝቢ ትግራይ ምስ ህወሓት ኮይኑ
 ዘመዝገቦ መበል 40 ዓመት ናይ ቃልሲ
 ታሪክንካ ብታሪክቲ


ማሕበር ተጋሩ ኣብ ሎስ አንጀልስን ከባቢኣን
“ናይ ሓዘን መግለጺ!”

A Lesson of History: - Dr. Gebrehiwot Baykedagn

The Unsung and Forgotten Ethiopian Heroes and Heroines 
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD February 4, 2015

ሄርማን ኮሆን ኣብ ጉዳያት ምርጫ ኢትዮጵያን ዓሰብን

May 31, 2014

Book Launching and Discussion on Contemporary Ethiopia


The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) is proud to announce the launching of Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia’s book, Ethiopia: Democracy, Devolution of Power, and The Developmental State in Washington DC on June 28, 2014.


IDEA encourages all Ethiopians and scholars on Ethiopia in the Washington DC Metro Area to join the fascinating discussion on contemporary Ethiopia. Professor Haile Gerima will introduce the book signing ceremony and Dr. Araia will engage the audience in a lively and interactive intellectual discussion.


Venue: Sanfoka Video and Books, 2714 Georgia Ave, Washington DC 20001

Time: Saturday June 28 at 3 pm

Vice President’s Office for Diversity and Community Affairs, Office of Alumni Affairs, African Alumni Club of Columbia University

International Tigray Festival 2014 in Tigray, July 31st to Aug. 6th.
Guest Registration Form - Please include all relevant information

Union of Tigreans in North America

ማሕበር ተጋሩ ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ







ኣባይ  በእርግጥ  ይገደባል

Radio snit January 26, 2014

Radio snit Professor Medhanye

Radio snit Sunday's program. January, 12, 2014

Radio snit Sunday's program.

January, 10, 2014

Radio snit Sunday's program.

January 5, 01, 2014

Radio snit Sunday's program.

December 31, 2013

Radio snit Sunday's program. 
December 22, 2013

Radio snit Sunday's program. 
December 14, 2013

Radio snit Sunday's program. 
December 8, 2013

        In memoriam
Professor Jemal Abdulkadir

Elias S Siraj, Ahmed Reja, and Solomon Tesfaye
On Saturday August 24th, 2013, the world diabetes community lost Professor Jemal Abdulkadir, a pioneer of diabetes care in his native country, Ethiopia and theAfrican continent.

Socialist wins seat on Seattle city council
November 16, 2013 

Seattle voters have elected a socialist to city council for the first time in modern history. Kshama Sawant, a member of the populist Occupy Seattle movement, ran on a platform of raising Washington State’s minimum wage to $15 and levying a “millionaire tax” to pay for mass transit and public education.

Ato Bekele Berhane’s Legacy will Live On

 It was devastating news on Wednesday, October 10, 2013, to learn that Ato Bekele Berhane, an alumni and one of the original founders of the Queen Sheba School, Adwa, Tigrai, Ethiopia, has passed away, surrounded by his brothers, sisters, children, and a number of friends.

Petition to Urge Representative Christopher Smith Stop his drive to introduce an Anti-Ethiopian Bill
(by Ethiopians for Peace and Development, Washington DC)

After graduation, I had the privilege of traveling to Mekelle, Ethiopia for an internship in medicine and dentistry

እንቅልፍ የት ኣባቱ!

ጠረንሽ ወረረኝ 

ምን ይሻለኛል

Radio Merhawit Streaming on the Internet

Courtesy of Tigray net

September 16, 2012 Sunday Program

Featured Article

Beyond Politics and Innuendo: Preserving Our Humanity and Salvaging Ethiopia from Moral Decadence 

The Legacy of Atse Yohannes IV  

Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia


Atse Yohannes IV of Ethiopia crowned January 12 Born the son of Mercha the Shum of Tembien and his wife Woizero Silass Dimtsu (Amata Selassie) of Enderta, Dejazmatch Kassai could claim Solomonic blood through the line of his paternal grandmother 




Queen Sheba Schools Alumni Association and Friends - International is holding a fundraising event in Dallas Chapter


Security Council, by Vote of 13 in Favour, Adopts Resolution Reinforcing Sanctions Regime against Eritrea ‘Calibrated’ to Halt All Activities Destabilizing Region

Security Council Tightens Sanctions Regime on Somalia, Eritrea, Extending Mandate of Monitoring Group for 12 Months

Security Council Committee on Somalia and Eritrea Adds Two Individuals to List of Individuals and Entities


The Legend of the Great Drum (The “Negarit”)

By G.E.Gorfu

Views from our Ethiopia readers

Embassy Announces Winners of Four Freedoms Art Competition
U.S. Ambassador Booth
Announces Art Competition Awards of 100,000 Birr: Envisioning President Roosevelt's Four Freedoms Today

የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ መድረክ ካለፈው ምርጫ በኋላ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ እሁድ ዕለት መቀሌ ከተማ ውስጥ ሕዝባዊ ስብሰባ አካሄደ    

  ከአብራሃም ያየህ

እርምት ለሙሲ ፈልምና ለደራሲው ብረሃነ ኑጉሰ
ከአስገደ ገ/ስላሲ

አቶ ዘርአይ አስገዶም በሙስና ተነከሩ

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ

እንዲያውቀ ከአስገደ ገ/ስላሲ

ያገረሽበት ታሪክ
ከአስገደ ገ/ስላሲ

ማነህ ባለተራ

Us embassy cables the-documents nuclear weapons

Question and Answer with G.E. Gorfu

Outbreak of Liver Disease in Ethiopia Tigrai Region



In Tigringa   


A book “Peace or War? Views on the Ethio-Eritrean Conflict”

Dr. Yohannes Kiros








      ሕልሚ ደርሁ!

TDA-NA DC Chapter is hosting a grand fund raising event

Ayder Memrial Library

Invites you to Fundraising

Saturday June 12, 2010

Older than Egypt is Ethiopia 
From distant past to the dawn of Islam, Gamal Nkrumah looks at the history of this African nation 


November 1, 2010 G. E. Gorfu



        ጠላትህን ዕወቅ!

May 4, 2010 G. E. Gorfu


Eritrea desperate to undo UN sanctions
afrol News - Eritrea President Isaias Afewerki is on a diplomatic offensive to make the UN lift sanctions 

Eritrean rebels claim killing 11 government soldiers Source: East Africa Forum

Oxfam: Climate Change Devastating Ethiopian Rural Communities
April 23, 2010 Michael  VOA

Ethiopian opposition express discomfort over AU election observer mission

April 23, 2010 –APA/Afriqueavenir

Statement at the Conclusion of an IMF Mission to Ethiopia

Press Release No. 10/108  March 24, 2010

International Monetary and Financial Committee Statement

Twenty-First Meeting   April 24, 2010


    Of   Politics III


Ayder Memorial Library Project fundraising event 

35th birthday of TPLF, Yekatit 11 Party in Minnesota

Kidan, Ethiopia

The Girl Effect

Eritrea Police Raid Church Service; Dozens Detained

Thursday, January 29, 2009 (10:02 am)

Prophet Muhammad and the culture of the oppressed

By: Nazim Baksh

    Iran Human Rights Documentation 


መገኘ አለበታ!

Aristotle and Politics II
G.E. Gorfu


  Amlaku 4,5,6,7 series

  Ferenj Amlaku I, 2,     series


Memories of student 



•     Bashai Awalom?

•     The Need for 


  By Ivan Simic   

War Trend Will Soon 
    January 28, 2009
World War II: 63 Years 
World War II: 63 

  Ivan Simic  

Georgia vs. Ossetia:

   Conflict to Major War

   Ivan Simic  August 11, 

Radovan Karadzic: One 

Deceptions of July 22,


•  Kosovo Brief

Alfred Nobel: 

By Tecola W. Hagos

EDITORIAL: Congratulations, President Barak   Obama, the 44th President of the United States of America January 19, 2009
Open Letter to the Brave Warriors of Ethiopia Returning Home From Somalia

By Tecola W. Hagos   January 5, 2009


From The Times February 5, 2009

Zimbabwe's MDC plan to extradite Mengistu Haile Mariam to Ethiopia

East Africa: UN Council Demands Eritrea Engage in Efforts to Resolve Dispute With Djibouti
14 January 2009

Et0126_2Vertical Ethiopia: Climbing Toward Possibility in the Horn of Africa

Right on the heels of our time with Surf Is Where You Find It author Gerry Lopez, we have more good book news to share with you this week.



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