Sustainable Airport Master Plan COMMUNITY OPEN HOUSES
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geology value of oil shale deposits: Ethiopia
(Tigray) and Jordan
Yohannes Yihdego, Hilmi S. Salem, Bediaku G. Kafui
& Zarko Veljkovic
Oil shale is an organic-rich, fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing kerogen, from which liquid hydrocarbons (called shale oil) can be produced. The oil shale deposits in the Tigray region are found in the northern parts of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa. They are of Upper Paleozoic in age, existing as remnants of the Cretaceous erosion period, underlain by tillites and overlain by sandstones. They were formed during the glacial retreat followed by marine deposition of shales in a basin created by the enormous load of the glaciers. The Ethiopian-Tigray oil shale deposits cover an area extending over approximately 30 km2, with an average mineable bed-thickness of 55 m, showing on the upper part inter-beds and laminations of shaley limestones. The oil shale resources in this region are estimated to be approximately 4 billion tonnes. The exploitation of the Ethiopian-Tigray oil shale deposits is an excellent alternative to fulfill the fuel and other petroleum products’ demand of Ethiopia. This study sheds light on the oil shale resources in the Ethiopian region of Tigray, as they are fairly investigated, regarding their geological characterization, and future strategies for their exploration and exploitation
There are several variations of the proverbial that express similar sentiment as in the title of this article. One that comes readily to mind is the expression “Tell me your friends and I will tell you who you are.” If we take that adage seriously, we would completely accept the surrealistic event that just happened in both Addis Ababa (earlier) and in Asmara in these past couple of days. I can see that I was wrong in undermining the two Leaders (PM Abiy Ahmed and Pres Issaias Afeworki) for I was totally wrong in writing my highly skeptical view about peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea due to the Border dispute. I am very glad that I was proven wrong in that peace and friendship is possible between Ethiopia and Eritrea. You both have proven to me that you both are far complex personalities and far more perceptive and truly courageous than I am. I am obviously making tautological statement here, for you are leaders of countries, and I am a sideshow scribbler who should know better to use his time productively. I owe you both an apology. Sorry for my hasty and harsh defeatist remarks.
As always, the Ethiopian phenomenon is complicated, complex, and shrouded in mystery to say the least. Given the admixture of a lingering feudal mode of thinking (the mode of production is done away with) with unpolished and haphazard modernity (considering the exposure of Ethiopians to Western values and technology), obscurantism in the Ethiopian political culture is not surprising. Hybrid politics, however, is dangerous because it tears apart Ethiopians between the archaic framework of thinking and the relatively science-based general orientation. Ethiopians, thus, are suspended between two irreconcilable poles, and adding fuel to the fire, the present generation of Ethiopians are even in a much worse condition for the following reasons:
CONTRA BORDER DEMARCATION:
REJECT THE ARBITRATION DECISIONS
No Land Locking of Ethiopia and Alienation of Ethiopian Citizens
By Tecola Worq Hagos Conclusion - Abstract:
a) High jacking the Prime Minister
The popularity of PM Dr Abiy Ahmed across all members of the Ethiopian society is quite impressive and uplifting. On a closer look of the phenomenon, I see some bizarre development in this unusual positive reaction to a leader rooted in the EPRDF. In the Diaspora communities of Ethiopians, the most enthusiastic supporters of PM Abiy in such groups seem to come from former Derg supporters and possibly Red Terror participants, ex-members of Mengistu’s security personnel, members of subversive movements,
Neoliberalism Imperialism Creating a Fragile Ethiopian State:
Foretelling Irreversible Tragedies
Part I Mogos Abraham, PhD Premise
Weakness, fragility, and failure of a governance system are sequenced sociopolitical and economic conditions that cause national tragedies. Consider, for example, the nation state of Somalia, Ethiopia’s immediate neighbor. It failed about 30 years ago to function as a nation of law and order; and remains a tragically failed country. Somalia has become a budgetary burden to the UN and the AU; and a peace and security nightmare to Ethiopia. By all indicators, Ethiopia appears to have passed the threshold of a weak state to a fragile state, approaching the tragedy of a failed state.
What is going on in Ethiopia? For no reason other than whom they are, hundreds of Ethiopians are being murdered and their properties being torched, while others are being uprooted and internally displaced. All these human miseries are happening, while the EPRDF regime is watching it all. EPRDF has become impotent completely. Why?
The construction industry - a key partner in the economic integration of the continent envisaged by the African Continental Free Trade Area
By Mokate Ramafoko, PPC Managing Director: International Operations
The world recently witnessed the signing of the biggest free trade area by Heads of African Governments in Kigali. Signed in March this year, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is the largest such free trade area when one considers the number of countries involved.
The African continent currently consists of 55 countries, with 55-odd currencies (some have chosen to adopt the US dollar), 55 regulatory frameworks and, in simple terms, 55 different sets of red tape. This scenario means doing business on the African continent can be challenging, both for foreign and domestic
The following two articles were authored by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia , and
for readers and researchers interested to fully understand the essence of
the articles and also to make reflections on the Border Commission
decision following the Algiers Agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea in
2000, it is imperative to read: 1) No amount of jubilation can hide
Ethiopia’s territorial loss (2002); 2)The “Alternative Mechanism”
Should Uphold Ethiopian Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity (2003) and
the links for the above titles respectively are: http://ethiomedia.com/commentary/ghelawdewos_on_border_ruling.html
be recalled The Tigrean International Solidarity for Justice and Democracy
held its 4th annual conference on August 21, 2004 in Washington D.C. The
conference dealt with the border issue in great detail. A very important
paper was presented by his Excellency Ato Belai Abay on the situation of
the border issue. Solidarity's struggle with the core of the ideals for
the last 2 years was that Meles acted as an agent appointed to destroy
Ethiopia, and that he has secretly signed an agreement with Shaebia to
cede vast territories from Tigrai and Afar. No
matter what Meles policy promoters disseminate, the noose is around their
neck. Now an inch of an Ethiopian sovereign land can cost them an end to
the life in politics. The time has come and the deceit is crumbling like a
house of cards. Many Scholars exposed the sinister motive of Meles Zenawi
and Co. In this research paper the author exposed the 1977 territorial
agreement between EPLF which outlined the specific areas the TPLF agreed
upon. You judge for yourself after reading the research paper that
history, no matter how much spin is done, the truth still comes out.
observer editors believes the article is still relevant to highlight the betrayal
The United Nations’ new Secretary General Ban Ki-moon stated on 6 November 2007 that the Eritrean Government’s deployment of its forces and militarization of the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) [here after “Buffer Zone”], which Zone was to be kept free of militarization by the Eritrean government as part of the peace process pursuant to the 2000 Algiers Agreement, was a violation of that peace agreement. A year earlier, the previous Secretary General Cofi Annan stated before he left office that Eritrea had violated the Peace Treaty by moving tanks and its soldiers in the Buffer Zone. There is no question that the Eritrean Government has violated both the letter and spirit of the 2000 Algiers Agreement. There are numerous instances where there have been violations by the Eritrean Government of the 2000 Algiers Agreement since it signed that agreement seven years ago.
The Association of Gedeo Community in North America and Europe
Gedeo cleansing in West-Guji and Guji Zone of Oromia region has to stop
have been optimistic about the current political atmosphere and the fresh
air of hope flowing in the country since you have assumed the premier
position. We understand that you came to this position at the very
critical time where ethnic tensions were high, state apparatuses were
collapsing, and the country was on the crossroad. Thousands have lost
their lives and their properties and become a victim of massive
displacement because of the mal-governance of the local administrators.
Unfortunately, however, this ethnic cleansing and massive displacement
steadily continued to happen in Ethnic Gedeos who have been living in
Oromia region for the millennials.
44 African economies signed in March an ambitious treaty in order to form the African Continental Free Trade Area
(AfCFTA). The goal is to eliminate tariffs on 90% of goods. The rationale behind more regional integration is to trade between
equals and limit the share of vertical trade (exports of commodities and imports of capital). It should help ascend the
value chain and increase the share of manufactured goods in African exports, since manufactured goods represent 43% of
intra-African exports and less than 20% of African exports to other regions (75% is driven by commodities). The current predominance
of commodity exports makes growth procyclical to commodity prices. Sizeable output volatility deters economic
Ethiopia finally recognises 2000 border ruling with Eritrea
By Robert Hackwill
Eritrea invaded, and tens of thousands died or were taken prisoner on both sides.
Eritrea had been a province of Ethiopia until a 1993 referendum established independence. Eritrean fighters had helped in the overthrow of Ethiopia's military dictatorship and fought a 30-year war of independence. The country's creation transformed Ethiopia into a landlocked country.
Gratification and Gratitude for the Reemergence of Pan-Ethiopian Agenda & Discerning the Invisible Hand in Ethiopian Politics: Special Message to PM Abiye Ahmed
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD May 26, 2018
The main title of the article is pretty much clear; the companion title, however, is not quite obvious and intelligible, but I will make it comprehensible to the reader when I delve into the current Ethiopian politics. As always, I will try to be objective and fair in my overall analysis and investigative discourse pertaining to the recent political change in Ethiopia.
The TGE’s policy of Kilil and self-determination is commendable, but the consequence of fragmentation as a result of new wave of ethnic political consciousness, and the inability of some minority nationalities to become economically and politically viable, would ultimately preoccupy Ethiopians to otherwise unforeseen
his most recent article entitled Gratification
and Gratitude for the Reemergence of Pan-Ethiopian Agenda, Dr.
Ghelawdewos Araia proposed, among many other suggestions he presented, the
erection of the fallen obelisk of Aksum. Professor Ghelawdewos is a
leading Ethiopian scholar in education, international studies, political
economy, and history, and a prolific writer on contemporary and current
issues; he has contributed hundreds of scholarly works, not to mention his
books on Ethiopia in English, Amharic, and Tigrigna. He also has written
extensively on areas pertaining to his field of expertise mentioned above.
What makes Dr. Ghelawdewos different from other writers is that his
writings are objective, balanced, educational, and original; and with this
unique style and integrity, he has been producing articles that reflect
divergent issues and that could be considered blue prints for discussion
forums, researchers, and individual readers. On top of this, Dr. Araia is
the founder and president of the Institute of Development and Education
for Africa (IDEA).
Professor Desta, Asayehgn
Against odds, Ethiopian patriots won a decisive victory over the aggressive colonial Italian army at the battle of Adwa on March 1, 1896. Consequently, the Battle of Adwa helped Ethiopia maintain its sovereignty while inspiring other African countries that had been defeated and divided by European colonizers. After the victory, Ethiopia served as a role model for the entire black race, even inspiring other colonized countries worldwide to repulse aggression with dignity and to assert their own independence. For instance, Japan employed several of Ethiopia’s heroic strategies from the Battle of Adwa to liberate itself from Russia’s aggression in 1904 (Levine, 2014). More importantly, the Battle of Adwa forced the Italian invaders to shed their long-held and false illusions about the black race.
Obama Foundation Announces New Program to Train Emerging Leaders Across Africa
The Obama Foundation has announced a new addition to its international programs: the Obama Foundation Leaders: Africa.
This one-year leadership development and civic engagement program will train and support 200 promising young leaders across Africa working in government, civil society, and the private sector. The Foundation received nearly 10,000 applications for 200 slots.
The Obama Foundation Leaders: Africa program will launch in Johannesburg, South Africa with a five-day convening. The convening will run from July 14 through July 18 and include plenary sessions, problem-solving workshops, and technical trainings that will help these young emerging leaders drive positive change throughout Africa.
Exiled Ethiopian Dictator Credited For Masterminding November Coup With Chiwenga That Ousted Mugabe
Exiled and fallen Ethiopian autarch, Mengistu Haile Mariam, who is thought to have had an invisible hand in last November’s Operation Restore Legacy, which was launched by the military to oust former leader, Robert Mugabe, has had his secret kingmaker powers in Zimbabwe increased following his alleged closet appointment and promotion as Vice President Rtd General Constantino Chiwenga’s special advisor, Spotlight Zimbabwe, can exclusively reveal.
It remains to be seen what will happen to him now that his host, Robert Mugabe, has been removed from power.The former cabinet minister also said it was Mengistu who had also suggested to Chiwenga not to completely “retire” from the ZDF, but to retain power and control of the military by running the ministry of
defense, and taking care of the liberation war veterans to consolidate influence and position himself for ultimate takeover of the presidency when the time comes.
Ethiopia Calls on London Museum to Repatriate Objects Looted 150 Years Ago
The call, by Ethiopia’s ambassador for the UK, followed a suggestion earlier this month by the director of the Victoria & Albert Museum that the objects could be given on long-term loan.
Earlier this month, the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) offered to return, on
long-term loan, objects to Ethiopia that British troops looted 150 years ago. The arrangement was proposed ahead of an exhibition showing the museum’s collection of treasures seized at Maqdala. But the Ethiopian government says that such a gesture is not sufficient, and that it will continue to seek permanent return of the artifacts.Claire Voon
Ethiopia says British museum must permanently return its artifacts
ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Britain must permanently return all artifacts from Ethiopia held by the Victoria and Albert Museum and Addis Ababa will not accept them on loan, an Ethiopian government official said.
The call comes after the museum, one of London’s most popular tourist attractions, put Ethiopian treasures plundered by British forces on display.
“Well, it would be exciting if the items held at the V&A could be part of a long-term loan with a cultural institution in Ethiopia,” museum director Tristram Hunt said.
Ethiopian businesses let down by new PM’s stance April 24 2018
By Aaron Maasho And Maggie Fick/Addis Ababa
Local business leaders at a banquet in Ethiopia’s capital last week were hoping the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed would tell them he planned to loosen the state’s grip on the economy.
He took power on April 2 promising a “new political beginning”. But four people who heard his dinner speech said he signalled he would stick with policies to keep the government’s hand in sectors such as infrastructure, banking and
telecoms. Ethiopia has let foreign companies such as fashion chain H&M set up factories in a decade-long push to change the economic focus from agriculture exports, such as coffee, to manufacturing.
Last Tuesday, March 27, 2018, the Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation announced Dr. Abiy Ahmed’s landslide election to Chair the ruling party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Voters elected Dr. Abiy assuming he was a progressive voice, a reformist, cue-taker, open to suggestion, and because he has a proven ability to divert profound social crises in his hometown, a point he developed into his doctoral dissertation.
Despite Prime Minister Hailemariam’s resignation and the public’s opposition to the government’s state of emergency declared in February 16, 2018 tailored to uphold the rule of law and stem a wave of anti-government protests, the Oromo youth’s anti-government protests that emerged in late 2015 and gradually spread to the northern part of the Amhara region of Ethiopia, demanding more political inclusion, economic equality and social justice. Thus, protesters temporarily suspended changes in decision-making process immediately after Dr. Abiy’s victory (Quartz Africa, Feb, 16, 2018).
at the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) are
delighted to witness the launching of the continental free trade area that
would, in effect, supersede all existing regional blocs like ECOWAS, SADC,
COMESA, etc without contradicting or contravening the mission and
objectives of the latter. At long last, the Africa
must Unite motto of the 1958 Accra conference, then attended by only
eight independent African countries, will become a reality. On May26 1963,
the pan-African movement to unite Africa culminated in the signing of the
OAU Charter by 31 African countries. The OAU became AU (African Union) in
May 26 2001, and between the establishment of the Organization for African
Unity (OAU) and AU, a significant number of regional organizations were
founded, but the idea of integrating the entire continent was conceived
long before the AfCFTA was signed by forty-four African countries on March
21, 2018 at Kigali, Rwanda.
Peaceful reform will see Ethiopia through dynamic political moment Taye AtskeSelasie, ambassador of Ethiopia to Egypt
The article contains numerous factual errors and erroneous assumptions about Ethiopia — a country that prides itself on its diversity and the unity of its people. Leaving aside the sinister motivations one might insinuate from the
flavor and slant of the article — namely, the international misrepresentation of political realities for underlying geopolitical aspirations — I would rather focus on separating the facts from the falsehoods for the benefit of your readers.
These are the main challenges that the ruling party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), and the incoming prime minister will steadfastly address in an all-inclusive manner in the weeks and months to come.
The other point that is often based on fabrication and maliciously presented is the claim of the dominance of Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) within the EPRDF.
Tyranny of Size in a Fragile
Democracy: The Ethiopian Case
As pointed out in the introductory paragraph, blind faith in size has tragic consequences. The extremist elements do
not seem to be able to predict the hell their actions might take them, because their arrogance, ignorance, and monetary
greed have blinded them. These residual human elements do not hesitate to abuse and misuse the meaning of
democracy to fulfill their wild ambitions to dominate and subjugate other nations, nationalities, and peoples. They do
not understand that true democracy has multiple guiding principles, which include primacy of the rule of law,
accountability, transparency, collective decision-making, equality, collective voice (universal suffrage), civil liberties
and civil rights, strong nationalism, and obligations to serve the masses.
Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia shares his opinion on Ethiopia’s Political transition and future path after the recent resignation of its PM, domestic violence, and security challenges.
Dr. Araia, recently published an article recent and offered the following recommendations for the government to consider:
The Government and the legally operating opposition parties in Ethiopia should enter dialogue with the sole purpose of fostering national unity and retooling Ethiopian nationalism while at the same time
de-emphasizing ethnic politics. If this kind of national reconciliation is tried, it should be done in public in which the Ethiopian people also become participant-observers. This would also be a momentous historic event at unleashing a political culture of toleration and inclusiveness and a reflection of the ideals and sentiments of the Ethiopian nationhood.
Ethiopia: Work Round the Clock At GERD Site
By Tewodros Kassa
"It is an awe-inspiring experience to visit the construction site of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) at least for two reasons- you observe the commitment of the Engineers and workers with dropped jaws, and amble imagining that this place will form a huge water body in just few years."
The remark was given by Ethiopian Film Makers Association President, Desalegn Hailu, whom this reporter met last Sunday in a sightseeing event at GERD project site, Guba district of Benishangul Gumuz State.
Construction machinery such as excavators, dump-trucks... emits huge noises and everyone is working with sense of urgency, he recounted.
Their time reckoning system seems not to go with the usual one - readying oneself at dawn for work, and getting back to home at dusk.
ISS Today: Why the African Union needs a stable Ethiopia
African Union (AU) Commission chief Moussa Faki Mahamat has offered his services to the government of Ethiopia amid political upheaval in the country. After months of anti-government protests and security force action, the government earlier this year decided to release several political prisoners. Unrest, however, continues in several parts of the country.
Analysts agree that Ethiopia is traditionally far less susceptible to outside influence in its internal affairs than many other African countries. AU involvement in Ethiopia’s internal political situation doesn’t seem likely. A discussion of the situation in the 15-member AU Peace and Security Council that deals with conflicts on the continent has also never taken
Africa: Ethiopia's Stability Envisages Africa's Inclusive Development
By Zelalem Girma
As Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa, its main challenges are sustaining its progressive economic growth and ensuring poverty reduction, which requires significant improvement in job creation and improved governance.
To make certain a comprehensive growth in the country, the government will need to improve its governance, empower local authorities, and become more accountable to its citizens, according to members of the diplomatic community.
Following the instabilities observed recently in some parts of the country, the government has declared a State of
Emergency (SoE) to protect losses of life and damages in properties as well as to adjust political reforms.
Water wars: Tensions build over a Nile dam in Ethiopia
THE EDITORIAL BOARD Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
A major drama is building in northeast Africa, among Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, as Ethiopia nears completion of work on a large new dam on the Nile River.
Part of the Nile, known as the White Nile, rises in the mountains of Burundi, far south of Egypt in Africa. The Nile eventually pours into the Mediterranean Sea in the north of Egypt. The river has served as the stem of civilizations, dating from thousands of years ago. Its waters are absolutely critical to Egypt, upon which that country’s agriculture, electric power and internal transport are heavily dependent. Without its waters, more Egyptians would starve than do already.
Ethiopia has been building for years the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam at its border with Sudan. It’s on what is called the Blue Nile, the river’s other major tributary. The Blue Nile accounts for some 85 percent of the water flowing into the main Nile. Ethiopia is at the point of filling the huge reservoir behind the dam, already, in Egypt’s eyes, putting Egypt’s Nile waters at risk.
Inspiring: These Two Deaf Eritrean-Ethiopian Twins Are Breaking Barriers in the Fashion World
They both became mysteriously deaf at the same time when they were just 7 years old. However, these wonderful and beautiful fashion bloggers Hermon and Heroda Berhane never allowed their disabilities distract their purpose and vision in life.
With both now 34, the Eritrean-Ethiopian twin sisters have great and blossoming careers in modeling and acting as well as a fashion
blog. According to them, the mission is simple. “We want to tell people around the world that you should embrace disability, not hide from it,” the twins said in an email interview with CNN.
Misreading History and Political Science and the Exigency of Smooth Power Transition in Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD February 18, 2018
In the last three to four years, Ethiopia has been in constant political turmoil, ranging from Gondar and Oromia incidents to the Oromo-Somali confrontations in South East Ethiopia, to the Woldia-Kobo-Mersa protestations and subsequent deaths of innocent Ethiopians. All these protestations, euphemistically called mass upheavals by some disgruntled Diaspora Ethiopian groupings, were actually ethnic-based and ethnic-hatred disturbances; I label them as disturbances because in any historical context, revolutionary and peoples’ uprisings do not destroy and/or burn public property. Moreover, the only mass upheaval that moved toward revolutionary insurrection in Ethiopia is that of 1974 (Yekatit 1966 Ethiopian Calendar) broad-based people’s uprising.
Irrespective of the current crisis, however, I believe Ethiopia will remain united and Tigray will not go anywhere because the concept and material force of ‘Ethiopia’ was conceived and born in Tigray. Certain groups may invoke Article 39 of the Constitution to separate Tigray from the rest of Ethiopia but they will not be successful because the majority of the people of Tigray would like to jealously guard the unity of Ethiopia and maintain Ethiopian national identity. In this context, thus, back in 2003 I tried to portray Tigray as an indivisible core of the Ethiopian nation-state, as shown below:
University Student Activism for Diversity Curricula
Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainability Dominican University of
the dismantlement of the Military Junta—the “Derg”—in 1991, the
Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a product of
the 1960s and 1970s, Addis Ababa University’s university student
movement and an adherent of Marxism and Leninism ideology came to power;
it vigorously embarked on actualizing the self -determination of the
various Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia. That is, in
contradiction to the socialization process of the ancient
regime and the military Junta who favored a centralized type of
government, after coming to power, the EPRDF propagated and endorsed an
ethnic-based federal type of government structure in Ethiopia
How Djibouti Became China's Gateway To Africa
Djibouti, one of Africa's smallest countries, has become China's "strategic partner." The Chinese have built a military base and a port, and is currently constructing a free trade zone, fast establishing it as Beijing's gateway to the continent.
A police car appears in a cloud of red dust on the dirt road between the boulders. A young man in uniform opens the window and starts grousing in French. The Chinese men he is rebuking don't understand any of it, but slowly realize where the anger is coming from. They had forgotten to register with the sentry guarding the entrance to the large construction site above the coast.
Managing Ethiopia's political crisis
by Goitom Gebreluel & Biniam Bedasso
7 Feb 2018
Nemera Mamo is a co-author of this article. He is a teaching fellow at SOAS, University of London.
Ethiopia has been experiencing recurrent mass protests, riots and ethnic conflicts over the past two years that have claimed the lives of thousands and displaced hundreds of thousands.
These events have led observers and members of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) to conclude that the very survival of the Ethiopian state is at stake.
State collapse is so far an extreme and unlikely scenario given that the conflicting parties are internal actors in the system and have a vested interest in its survival. A more likely but still dangerous scenario is a long-term vicious cycle of political conflict and economic stagnation that cripples state and society.
problems of the Horn of Africa are frequently interlinked and often cross
international borders. The root causes of the conflicts include economic
inequality, political marginalization, poor governance, ethnic tension,
competition for scarce resources such as water and good land, periodic
drought and poverty.
Contributory factors are porous borders, widespread availability of arms,
corruption, a poor record by governments on human rights issues and
interference in the region by organizations and countries outside the
Horn. When you add the fact that the Horn is located on a religious fault
line, you have a recipe for frequent conflict. It has arguably been the
most conflicted corner of the world since the end of World War II. The
Horn has constantly posed a serious challenge for U.S. policy.
corruption 'eating away' at African economies
African foreign ministers meet in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa
By Addis Getachew and Seleshi Tessema
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia
Economic Commission for Africa Executive Secretary Vera Songwe has warned of widespread reaction from the youth to corruption in Africa, which is "eating away" at the continent's economies.
Songwe's remarks came during her speech at the executive council meeting of the African Union in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Thursday.
As corrupt practices continue in Africa, including the illicit financial outflows from which Africa loses $50 billion annually, "the youth are watching", she
said." For Africa, we project a pickup in growth to 3.5 percent in 2018 and 3.7 percent in 2019, underpinned by strengthening external demand and a moderate increase in commodity prices," she added.
However, Songwe said, "the African Union itself has estimated that every year over $148 billion are drained out of the continent through various corrupt activities and acts, representing about 25 percent of Africa’s GDP growth.
Observing and Analyzing the New Egyptian-Ethiopian Accord with Cautious Optimism
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD January 26, 2018
I am optimistic by nature, but given the jittery politics and unfathomable political discourse and diplomacy of the Egyptian leaders, I like to observe and analyze the recent meetings and subsequent agreement reached between Egypt and Ethiopia with cautious optimism. There is no doubt that both sides, that is, the Ethiopian and Egyptians diplomats, were satisfied by the outcome of the three-day meeting (beginning January 16, 2018) and discussions wrought in an effort to iron out differences. After he returned home, the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, for instance, told Ethiopian journalists that he was personally gratified with the agreements reached on various cooperative agendas; he underscored that both countries have agreed to cooperate in many sectors including agriculture, industry, health, education, and tourism. Beyond these sectors, both countries have also agreed to work together and create synergy in some (e.g. tourism) in sectors such as investment, mining, electricity, water resources, and culture.
Ethiopia could be sitting on one of world's great untapped gold deposits
January 24, 2018 by Liam Bullock, The Conversation
Our field observations and panning suggest that gold should be generally abundant across the Asoza zone – both in quartz veins but also elsewhere in the schist and pegmatite rocks in which they are located. We also see signs of substantial graphite deposits, which are important for everything from touch-screen tablets to lithium-ion batteries.
There is undoubtedly much more world-class gold within this area than has already been discovered, pointing to a promising source of income for the government for years to come – much of the region remains unexplored, after all. It probably is no exaggeration to say that Ethiopia's gold potential could rival South Africa's, which would put it somewhere around the top five gold producing nations in the world.
Ethiopia: U.S. Embassy Announces Solve IT! - A Nationwide Innovation
Solve IT! will involve nine city hubs in seven regional states and two city administrations
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of U.S. Embassy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, January 25, 2018/APO Group/ -- The U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa is sponsoring a
nationwide innovation competition, “Solve IT!” for Ethiopian youth. “Solve IT!” promotes STEM, entrepreneurship and
encourages a new generation of young Ethiopians to solve problems in their communities using technology, software
and hardware. The competition is implemented by the U.S. Embassy in collaboration with partners iCog Labs and
Humanity plus. Solve IT! will involve nine city hubs in seven regional states and two city administrations: Addis Ababa, Dire
Dawa, Jimma, Bahir Dar, Mekelle, Gambela, Semera, Hawassa and Jigjiga are the selected cities.
Seven Historically African-American Universities That Are In Top Rankings
The seven historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) established before 1964 on the land of United States were especially meant for the education of black people only. The soul intention of building these institutions was to provide and promote the best education to the black community. Who knew in those times that the universities established for the black people would be the top educational institutions some day and for which even the royal communities will compete to get admission. Got confused? Here is the list of top seven universities of current times that are actually Black Universities.
The Ethiopian ambassador to Sudan Mulugeta Zewdie suggested that Egypt is turning the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) into a political issue, which he said is a technical matter.
In an interview with the Sudanese daily newspaper Sudan Vision, Zewdie accused some parties of transforming the GERD from a technical issue into a political issue, calling for political issues surrounding the dam to be avoided and to concentrate on the technical side set by experts from the concerned countries.
He expressed his surprise over the negative statements from Egyptian media outlets regarding GERD, describing the statements as an attempt to create agendas which are far from the reality.
South Seattle’s Ethiopian community has long thrived in neighborhoods like Rainier Beach, but North Seattle is a somewhat-newer area Ethiopians call home. In Pinehurst, at the north end of Seattle, you will find the hub of this ever-growing community: Jebena Cafe and its neighboring grocery store.
In this episode of Cooking in America, host Sheldon Simeon talks to siblings Martha Seyoum and Menge Ayele, who co-own both spaces. At the center of the offerings here is a warming injera — a perfected sourdough flatbread with a texture often defined as spongy. It’s a staple of Ethiopian cuisine, served with “toppings” such as beef and tilapia tibs, spinach, and kitfo, ground beef cooked in a berbere sauce and seasoned with chilies. “We do everything from our heart,” says Ayele. “That always pays off.”
Ayalew Mesfin’s Soulful Ethiopian Funk From The ’70s Is About To Get Its First Wide Release
With the amount of music that continues that gets released daily, it feels inevitable that there will be hidden gems that don’t get the shine they deserve. While this may seem like a modern problem, history has proven that this has actually been happening for a while.
Case in point: Ayalew Mesfin was part of an Ethiopian musical movement known as Ethio-Groove, a genre that combined the best parts of funk, soul, big-band jazz, Afrobeat, and traditional Ethiopian music. Mesfin’s work wasn’t really heard outside of the country, due in part to a tumultuous political climate marked by the Ethiopian Civil War that began in the mid-70s. Now, though, the best of Mesfin’s singles and tapes have been compiled for the first time ever and will be released as Hasabe: My Worries.
AFRICA IN FOCUS
AFRICANS REACT TO OFFENSIVE REMARKS BY US PRESIDENT TRUMP
This week, in the wake of derogatory remarks by President Donald Trump about African countries, Africans and their leaders have reacted strongly with outrage and disappointment. The African Union promptly released a statement demanding an apology, adding,
“The African Union Mission wishes to express its infuriation, disappointment, and outrage over the unfortunate comment made by Mr. Donald Trump, the President of the United States of America, which remarks dishonor the celebrated American creed and respect for diversity and human dignity.” The United Nations human rights office
labeled the remarks “shocking and shameful.” South Africa and Nigeria summoned American diplomats stationed in their countries, demanding an explanation for the comments. Botswana has called the remarks “irresponsible, reprehensible, and racist,” and cheekily demanded clarification on whether Botswana is included in his insulting
African Diplomats Invite Trump To
A.U. Meeting To Explain ‘Shithole’ Remark
African U.N. envoys suggested on Thursday that U.S. President Donald Trump meet with African leaders in Ethiopia this month after he was reported to have described some immigrants from Africa and Haiti as coming from “shithole” countries.
African U.N. ambassadors issued a statement last Friday that said they were “extremely appalled at, and strongly condemned the outrageous, racist, xenophobic remarks attributed to the president of the United States.”
They demanded Trump retract his remarks and apologize.
organization representing African countries has demanded that US President Donald Trump
apologies after he reportedly called nations on the continent "shitholes".
The African Union mission in Washington DC expressed its "shock, dismay and outrage" and said the Trump administration misunderstood Africans.
The US leader made the alleged remark in a Thursday meeting on immigration. But
Mr Trump has denied using the language reported. He has been backed by two Republicans who were at the White House meeting, but Democratic Senator Dick Durbin said Mr Trump called African countries "shitholes" several times and used "racist" language
What did the African Union say?
It said the "remarks dishonor the celebrated American creed and respect for diversity and human dignity".
It added: "While expressing our shock, dismay and outrage, the African Union strongly believes that there is a huge misunderstanding of the African continent and its people by the current Administration.
"There is a serious need for dialogue between the US Administration and the African countries."
Sudan, Ethiopia agree to deploy joint military forces to secure borders, GERD
Sudan and Ethiopia have agreed recently to deploy joint military forces to provide protection to their borders and the Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD).
According to the Sudan-based English-language media outlet the Sudan Tribune, military forces from the two countries will be deployed on both states’ borders for the sake of suspending any hostile activity against the two countries, in addition to protecting the GERD that is being built on the Blue Nile near Sudan.
The two provinces in Ethiopia and Sudan that will see the joint deployment of military forces are the ‘Blue Nile’ province in Sudan and Beni Shanqwl in Ethiopia
The predicament of Ethiopian immigrants in Saudi Arabia
January 18, 2018
socioeconomic overhaul which this paper will discuss in the following paragraphs, there is another reason why there has been a crackdown on Ethiopian undocumented immigrants in Saudi Arabia, namely a backlash on the political position of Ethiopia in the ongoing Gulf crisis. When the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Egypt led a blockade against the state of Qatar, there was a push by these countries on the African countries to join the blockade. Some of the African countries succumbed to the pressure but most did not including Ethiopia. According to Sheik Mohammed bin Abdurrahman, the Foreign Minister of Qatar, “the four countries
mobilized all of their officials on the continent at the beginning of the blockade to pressure African states to adopt the same measures as them”.
Book review: The Addis Ababa Massacre, when Ethiopia ran blood Ian Campbell’s compelling, incisive account of one of the worst 20th century colonial atrocities that will forever stain the flag of Italy.
The killings were accompanied by loot. Italian Black shirts made trips to the bank to cash in the jewellery they seized from their victims. Upper-class
neighborhoods of Addis Ababa were spared only because Italians coveted the properties.
More than 19,000 Ethiopians were killed in Addis Ababa by the time the Italians had exhausted themselves. (Across Ethiopia, the figure is north of 30,000.) Eyewitnesses to the massacre gathered ample evidence, including photographs of Italians posing with severed heads of
Ethiopians. The British government’s behavior, in contrast to the solidarity and activism of its people, was a shameful coda to the story of Italy’s occupation of Ethiopia. Campbell delicately calls Churchill’s actions “curious”. But the unwillingness to see white Europeans prosecuted for crimes against black Ethiopians was in keeping with Churchill’s overall world view. He was an unabashed white supremacist who
mobilized his nation against Nazi Germany, and not, as his hagiographers relentlessly strive to portray him, a champion of universal freedom and neutral justice. An early advocate, by his own admission, of “using poisoned gas against
uncivilized tribes”, Churchill would have seen Graziani and Badoglio as kindred spirits, not embodiments of evil.
African immigrants are more educated than most — including people born in U.S
Ann M. Simmons Contact Reporter
Lots of the news from sub-Saharan Africa is about war, famine, poverty or political upheaval. So it’s understandable if many Americans think most Africans who immigrate to the United States are poorly educated and desperate.
That’s the impression that President Trump left with his comments to members of Congress opposing admission of immigrants from “shithole countries” in Africa and
elsewhere. But research tells another story. While many are refugees, large numbers are beneficiaries of the “diversity visa program” aimed at boosting immigration from underrepresented nations. And on average, African immigrants are better educated that people born in the U.S. or the immigrant population as a whole.
Egypt doesn’t want war with Sudan and Ethiopia: al-Sisi January 15, 2018 (CAIRO) - The Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi on Monday said his country isn’t conspiring against Sudan and Ethiopia stressing Egypt isn’t planning to go to war against its “brothers”.
Al-Sisi’s statements come amid rising tensions between Egypt on the one hand and Sudan and Ethiopia on the
other. The are several issues between Cairo and Khartoum including Sudan support to the Ethiopian renaissance dam, border dispute over Halayeb triangle and the ban on Egyptian farming products.
The latest tensions have sparked between Sudan and Egypt after the former signed an agreement to temporarily hand over the Red Sea island of Suakin to Turkey.
Sudan deploys troops to Eritrea border amid tension with Egypt
Sudan has deployed more forces on its border with Eritrea amid rising tension in the Red Sea region.
Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour cited security threats on its eastern border.
“Sudan’s national army has sent forces to this area to protect Sudan’s security. We have information that some entities are targeting us,” he said after meeting his Ethiopian counterpart Workneh Gebeyehu in Khartoum on Sunday.
Earlier this month, Sudan closed its border with its eastern neighbor and sent troops to the frontier amid reports that Egypt had deployed troops in Eritrea. Khartoum also recalled its ambassador to Cairo following the reports.
A university professor has asked the leadership of Columbus, Ohio, to recruit more Somali police officers for better integration of local Somalis into the American community. In her new book, “Somalis in the Twin Cities and Columbus,” Stefanie Chambers, an associate professor of political science at Trinity College in Connecticut, says Somali migrants in Columbus don’t feel well-represented in many sectors of the society like their countrymen in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
“We can go a long way to better serve our new Americans. We can go a long way to breaking down barriers,” Chambers was quoted as saying by the Columbus Dispatch.
Chambers pointed out that the Minneapolis Police Department has seven Somali police officers, with several others in the academy, while Columbus has none.
H-1B VISA: President Trump Drops H-1B Visa Plan That Could Get At Least 750,000 Deported
In a relief for Indian techies, US authorities today said that the Trump administration is not considering any proposal that would force H-1B visa holders to leave the country.
The announcement by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) came days after reports emerged that the Trump administration was considering tightening H-1B visa rules that could lead to deportation of 750,000 Indians.
The reports hadsaid it was mulling ending extensions for H-1B holders.
The USCIS “is not considering a regulatory change that would force H-1B visa holders to leave the United States by changing interpretation of Section 104 C of the American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act (AC21) statute that states that USCIS may grant the extensions,” an official said.
World’s Richest Man, Bill Gates Showers Praises On Ethiopian Scientist For Impacting Lives Of Small-scale Farmers
World’s richest man and CEO of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has hailed the efforts of an Ethiopian plant pathologist working to positively impact the lives of small-scale farmers across the world.
Dr. Segenet Kelemu according to Gates, having witnessed the damage locusts wreak in rural Ethiopia, aspired to study agriculture and today “used the power of science to find ways to help farmers grow more food and earn more income.”
In the latest installment of his ‘Heroes in the Field’ series, Gates said of Dr. Kelemu, “She decided to study agriculture, becoming the first woman from her region to get a college degree.
Ethiopia’s lawmakers approve ban on foreign adoptions
By Elias Meseret
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopian lawmakers have approved a ban on
foreign adoptions amid concerns about mistreatment of children overseas.
The approval came after rare heated debate as some lawmakers worried that
the East African nation does not have enough child care centers to handle
the effects of the ban. Ethiopia had been among the top 10 countries for
adoptions in the United States, according to State Department figures
released last year. Actress Angelina Jolie is among the people who have
adopted a child from the country. For more reading : Breaking
the silence over the plight of adopted Ethiopian children
Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam and its impact on Sudanese water security
By Saifeldin Yousif Saeed
National security no longer refers only to the power of the military state, but also to its economic strength and its ability to preserve its natural resources and development, particularly water. Therefore, the security of nations in the twenty-first century will depend on secure access to natural resources, energy and mineral resources and water and arable land resources. Global competition over natural resources will be a source of economic imbalance and disorder and will lead to the spread of instability, including in some cases the outbreak of armed conflicts.
Water and its impact on human life is one of the challenges facing mankind in this century. Water is one of the most important factors creating security. If a state blocked the flow of a river to another state or changed its course this would damage the interests and needs of the citizens of the other country. The decisions taken by the state in the use and regulation of water are important actions. Every water project or movement within a country translates as an assault on the other countries in the same river basin.
Ethiopia to free jailed politicians to 'foster national reconciliation' - PM
Aaron Maasho ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Ethiopia will release and pardon dissident politicians jailed on criminal charges, its prime minister said on Wednesday -- an unexpected shift in stance from a government routinely accused by rights groups of using security concerns to stifle dissent.
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, whose administration denies crushing peaceful opposition, said the move was intended to “foster national reconciliation”.
It follows recent protests over land rights and repression and ethnic clashes, and takes place amid a political crisis that has seen some senior officials submit resignations from the ruling party.
Ethiopian workers 'beaten and robbed' by Saudi police
28 DECEMBER 2017
Undocumented workers say they saw their compatriots shot at and wounded by police when they tried to escape roundups. Humiliated and abused Upon reaching Saudi Arabia, many work as domestic workers, often for more than 20 hours a day, with few legal rights.
According to rights groups, many have their phones and passports confiscated and endure physical and sexual abuse.
"I stayed in Saudi Arabia for five years just to support my family and other siblings," said deportee Fozia Omar, adding that she spent one month in prison but was allowed to bring her luggage.
"We have suffered a lot. I would like to beg my brothers and sisters not to repeat the mistake we already made, in the name of Allah."
Saudi Arabia has repeatedly said it will deport or jail the 400,000 or so Ethiopians it believes live there illegally, as it seeks to reduce its reliance on millions of foreign workers.
Eighty years ago a colonial massacre of over 20,000 people was carried out by Italian fascist forces in Ethiopia in north east Africa.
In three days and nights of arson, murder and looting, thousands of men, women and children were burned alive, shot, beaten senseless, stabbed to death or blown to pieces.
It has been systematically covered up in Italy—and so has Britain’s role in hiding the truth. A particularly vile role was played by Winston Churchill.
A recent book by Ian Campbell has revealed in terrifying detail what happened.
Italy, led by fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, had invaded Abyssinia (present day Ethiopia) in October 1935. Mussolini claimed it was a humanitarian intervention to wipe out slavery.
In fact he hoped it could be the beginning of a “new Roman empire”. Bruno Mussolini, son of Benito, wrote newspaper articles about clusters of Ethiopians “bursting open like a rose” when bombed from above. He admitted to finding this spectacle “most amusing”.
The young, educated and empowered women of Ethiopia have vowed to make a change to their
country’s culture of sexual harassment, rape and domestic violence. A group of young activists, who are among the few privileged women to graduate from university in Ethiopia and abroad, have set up a movement in the bid to empower women.
The Yellow Movement based in Ethiopia’s capital of Addis Ababa gives women a voice and shines a light on the shocking examples of abuse suffered by women.
For the first time in Ethiopia, the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) included Domestic Violence as one of its indicators.
Based on the government’s survey, 35 per cent of all married women have experienced sexual, emotional or physical violence from their husband or partner at some time.
In 2015, a 15-year-old Ethiopian girl called Tejnesh Leweg’neh was abducted by three men. When she refused to marry one of them they pushed her off a cliff and she was left
Egypt's presidency spokesman Bassam Rady said on Sunday that Cairo is committed to a peaceful course in negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), though he reiterated that Egypt’s supply of Nile water is "a matter of life or death for the country."
"Egypt took a direct path in the negotiations, based on honesty, friendliness and mutual relations. We are still committed to this path," Rady told Ahram's Arabic news website.
The latest tripartite ministerial meeting between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan held in Cairo last November to discuss a preliminary technical report on the impact of the dam had failed to reach a consensus.
On Thursday, Egyptian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Sameh Abu Zeid said that Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry is set to visit Addis Ababa next week to discuss specific ideas to overcome the stalemate in the GERD technical negotiations.
Ethiopia: Keep Peace to Keep Fast Pace
Peace has been central to the rapid pace of the economic growth registered over the last decade. In light of this, the violence which has been erupting at few towns and administrative districts in recent time serves no purpose other than obstructing the ongoing efforts of transforming the nation into a middle income economy.
For a country which has lifted itself from the abyss of extreme poverty, paying all kinds of sacrifices, such violence is highly likely to derail the hard-won gains. It erodes the age-old culture of respect among the diverse people and leads to loss of life and property. In fact, the past violence in some parts of the country has claimed the lives of citizens while posing destruction of property. If goes unchecked, if not stopped somewhere, it would undermine the national security and will degenerate into very unpleasant situation--may also cause a complete U-turn of the socio-economic development-- which is against the wishes of all Ethiopians and their lovers--God forbid that!
Ethiopia: Unveiling Mystery Crucial for Realizing Vision
By Tsegay Hagos
Tourism which is known as the smokeless industry has huge contribution to the economy of countries. It is an industry that could create jobs, generate foreign exchange and hugely supports the economy. According to World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) 2016 report, tourism has contributed USD 7.6 trillion (10.2 percent) of the world's GDP and created job opportunity for 292 million people, which accounts to 1 in 10 jobs created in the planet. European countries such as France, Spain, Italy and United Kingdom have been listed as top tourist destination nations in 2016
Ethiopia: Addis in the Eyes of African Youth Visitors
By Leulseged Worku
Peace and security are the major challenges of Africa. When there is peace and security there is prosperity. In this regard, the youth will be direct beneficiaries form the economy. More job opportunity will be created and they will in turn support their community.
The role of youth to speed up the socio economic and political life of a society is inevitable. This is especially true for the growing economy of Africa where the majority of the population is young.
Lesson from an Experiment in Ethiopia: An Economic Review of Arkabe Ogubay’s Case
Study Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Development
A specter haunts Africa today. Those who subscribe to the Afro-pessimism school of thought argue that while African economies were ill-prepared to face the “free trade imperialism” of the 1850s, today’s Africa is even less equipped to survive in the new global economic order (Kofi and Desta 2008). Based on this line of thinking, for instance, Prunier (2016) attributes Africa’s lack of development due to lack of genuine citizenry. As he puts it, those in power attempt to enrich themselves at the expense of the people, and they continue the practice of the European colonialists, turning the people into subjects. Furthermore, Prunier notes that the lack of industrialization in Africa has deprived its youth of a better future and left it in a constant state of poverty and unemployment (The African Blog, July 23, 2016).
Ethiopia’s New Addiction – And What It Says About Media Freedom
By James Jeffrey
“Media freedom depends on which yardstick you use,” says Daniel Berhane, a prominent Addis Ababa-based blogger. “The government appears to be relaxing about online and television media, but there are still no opposition newspapers.”
Ethiopia ranked 150th out of 180 countries in the 2017 press freedom index rankings by Reporters Without Borders. The international non-profit organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and the press states that the Ethiopian regime systematically uses the country’s anti-terror law against journalists.
Ethiopia: Social Media Spreading Poison, Threatening Peace
By Zelalem Girma
In Ethiopia, something has gone very wrong with the use of social media. In most cases,
Face book, You Tube, and Twitter have turned out to be means of disseminating unfounded stories, wrong information, prejudice and falsehood.For over a century, people of Ethiopia have lived together building a
peaceful, harmonious and prosperous society with cultural amalgam and divers beliefs. They definitely espoused peaceful coexistence and cherished respect for each other until the evolution of social media began rocking down their tranquility and calm a decade ago.
The failure of the Ethiopian political opposition forces and civil society movements to act in unison on common ideals of national interest has enabled the dictatorship of the TPLF/EPRDF regime to persist in power through nearly three decades, thereby prolonging the multi facade misery of the Ethiopian people. The daily events in the entire nation are gripping stories of conflicts, death, destruction, looming famine, fear of disintegration and statelessness.
Failure to forge a generic national vision, a common program of action to translate the vision into a reality and the commitment to adhere to democratic principles agreed upon appears to have been the core factors that are hindering the realization of the cherished dream of a tormented nation. The heeding of these factors, by-and-large, rests on the shoulders of the organized elite, styled in the form of political or civil society assemblage. However, these different elite classes happen to be embroiled in unworthy squabbles some of which are indeed aged grudge against each other or sectarian ambitions, perhaps also ideological fixations, but certainly irrelevant as far as the national issue at stake is concerned.
Time and again I addressed and seriously underscored the significance of Ethiopian unity, because from day one since the ascendance of the EPRDF to power, I sensed a political program that could possibly undermine the unity of the Ethiopian people and subsequently the fragmentation of the Ethiopian nation-state. This concern of mine, shared by multitude of Ethiopians, was expressly stated in my debut book published twenty-two years ago, and it goes as
follows: The TGE’s policy of Kilil and self-determination is commendable, but the consequence of fragmentation as a result of new wave of ethnic political consciousness, and the inability of some minority nationalities to become economically and politically viable, would ultimately preoccupy Ethiopians to otherwise unforeseen problem.1
Here’s Why Russia Might Set Up a Red Sea Base in Sudan
By Andrew Korybko
Global Research, December 06, 2017
Long-serving Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir invited the Russian military into his country during his historic visit to Moscow last week, stating that Sudan needs protection from an American Hybrid War plot to “Balkanize” his rump state into five separate ones following the 2011 secession of South Sudan. In the course of the conversation, he also said that Sudan is requesting Russian assistance in upgrading its armed forces, and that the geostrategically positioned state could function as Moscow’s “key to Africa” if the two sides decide to take their partnership to the strategic level.
Sudan’s location is indeed a pivotal one because it’s located at the intersection of North and East Africa, and it also has crucial maritime-mainland connectivity potential due to its location on the western shores of the Red Sea and China’s New Silk Road plan to build a trans-Saharan railway from Port Sudan to the Chadian capital of N’Djamena in eventually facilitating trade between West Africa and the People’s Republic via this future route.
Zimbabwe's ex-President Robert Mugabe gave refuge to Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam, convicted of genocide in Ethiopia. Mugabe's departure has raised hopes that Haile Mariam could be extradited, but this is all uncertain.
Others were quick to demand the forced repatriation of Mengistu to Ethiopia, where they hope he can face justice. But such demands, even though genuine, seem sometimes to be mixed with sarcasm.
A tweet bearing the name Zirak Asfaw congratulates Mnangagwa on the peaceful power transition and pleads: “Please remember the mothers of #Ethiopia who are still waiting for justice: extradite #Mengistu Hailemariam.”
Another Twitter user under the name Deki sawa went further, urging Zimbabweans: “If #Zimbabweans are the kind of justice-loving people they claim to be, it is time to pressure their government to transfer the #genocidal #Ethiopian #dictator
#Mengistu Hailemariam …“
Is the Tigrai People’s Liberation Front a Communist Party? A Brief Review
Professor Desta, Asayehgn
Since the oust of the brutal socialist military dictatorship from power in 1991, a large portion of the Ethiopian people have desired and dreamed living in a democratic system of government rather than a communist-dominated government. The Ethiopian people wished their country’s democratic system would entertain 1) free and fair elections; 2) active participation of the Ethiopian citizens in politics and civic life; 3) protection of the human rights; and 4) the existence of rule of law, in which the laws and procedures of the country apply equally to all citizens (See for example, Stanford University, 2004).
New Rumblings In The Horn Of Africa Over Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance Dam
by Tyler Durden Dec 6, 2017
Cairo recently reiterated its longstanding position that it’s against Addis Ababa’s construction of this megaproject on the Blue Nile river through which it receives most of its water, believing that the dam would allow Ethiopia to control downstream Egypt’s access to this resource and thus place it in a strategically vulnerable position. The Horn of African state hit back at the latest criticism by stating that it won’t be thwarted in carrying out this nationally important development project, and it also refuted the rumors which claimed that Qatar was partially funding the dam. Egypt’s latest infowar campaign against Ethiopia’s initiative is thought to be fueled in part by Sudan’s strategic realignment towards Addis Ababa in this dispute and more broadly in a larger Silk Road context, which has totally changed the dynamics and correspondingly placed Cairo on the defensive.
Israel firm’s spyware used against Ethiopia dissidents
December 6, 2017
Surveillance software from Israeli defence contractor Elbit Systems Ltd was used in an espionage campaign targeting Ethiopian dissidents living outside the East African nation, a Canadian research institute said today.
Citizen Lab, at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, said it found evidence Ethiopian dissidents in Britain, the United States and other nations were targeted with emails seeking to infect their computers with surveillance tools that Elbit sells to law enforcement and intelligence agencies.
Citizen Lab, which helps human rights activists defend themselves against spy software, has previously reported on Israel malware being used against activists in the
UAE. An Elbit representative had no immediate comment on the group’s latest report. Ethiopian Communications Minister Negeri Lencho declined comment on the report.
CAIRO: Egypt has “many alternatives” to deal with the stalled technical negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) with Ethiopia and Sudan, Egypt’s Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Abdel Ati has said.
“We have many alternatives in between the two impossible alternatives; to dispense with the Nile water and not to build the dams altogether," he said. There are other ways to negotiate, and Egypt has started many of these ways, but they cannot be declared,” the Egyptian minister said on Saturday during a visit to the northern governorate of Dakahlia.
Egypt's FM discusses regional developments, Ethiopian dam with Saudi counterpart
Egypt's Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry discussed Friday, among other issues, developments on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) with his Saudi counterpart, Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir, the Egyptian foreign ministry announced.
According to a statement issued by the foreign ministry, the two top diplomats met on the sidelines of the Euro-Mediterranean Dialogue held in Rome.Shoukry and Al-Jubeir discussed the latest developments in the region, especially in Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, Libya and the Qatar crisis.
Dr. Aberra Molla, a scientist and an inventor is also known as the father of Ethiopic. Inspired by the creator of the Amharic typewriter, Ethiopian engineer Ayana Birru of Horo Gudru, Wellega, Dr. Aberra computerized Ethiopic/Geez more than 29 years ago. However, replacing the Latin characters with Ethiopic character parts of the Amharic typewriter was not a viable option for Dr. Aberra because there were more Ethiopic characters than the Latin alphabet keys.
Egypt-Ethiopia tensions over new dam rise again
by Mohammed Vall Ethiopia is pushing on with construction of its massive new dam, despite growing objections from Egypt.The controversial project has strained relations between the two nations, because Egypt, which lies downstream, sees it as a risk to its water supply from the Blue Nile.
Al Jazeera's Mohammed Vall has visited the site of the $5bn project, which will one day be Africa's biggest hydroelectric dam.
Ethiopia: Will Mengistu Continue Enjoying Asylum Under Mnangagwa?
By Fred Oluoch
With the exit of Robert Mugabe, will the former Ethiopian dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, continue enjoying asylum in Zimbabwe?
That is the question that has been doing the rounds in Addis Ababa since November 14, when the military announced that it put his "protector"
Mr. Mugabe under house arrest after 37 years in power. The Ethiopians who experienced
Mr. Mengistu's 17 years of "Red Terror" reign are hoping that he will be the second former African president to be tried for international crimes after former Chad's Hissene
Habre. Mr Habre was sentenced to life in prison in June 2016 by the Extraordinary African Chambers sitting in Senegal after Macky Sall took over as president after years of protection by Abdoulaye Wade.
Now, most victims of Mengistu reign of terror are hoping that President Emmerson Mnangagwa will allow the extradition of Mr Mengistu after 26 years of protection by Mr Mugabe.
Elias Miseret, a journalist based in Addis Ababa, told The East African that some Ethiopians wish that Mr Mengistu would be brought back to account for his atrocities, having been sentenced to death in absentia by an Ethiopian court in 2008.
Ethiopia's Foreign Ministry spokesman on Thursday said construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance dam was a "matter of life or death for Ethiopia too".
Meles Alem's remarks in a press briefing in capital Addis Ababa came in a clear reaction to incessant reports by the Egyptian media quoting Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi as saying that Nile was a matter of life or death to Egypt -- an Egyptian catchword which al-Sisi repeated at a recent inauguration of a fishery in Egypt.
Alem dubbed as "irrelevant" what he described as "destructive reports being disseminated by some Egyptian media and institutions against the Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam".
Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam progressing to near completion -Nov 2017
Ethiopia said on Saturday no amount of misunderstanding would compel it to halt construction of the $4.8 billion mega hydro dam project on River Nile.
Seleshi Bekele, the Ethiopian minister of water, electricity and irrigation, said the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has completed 63 percent of its construction and soon it will be generating electricity.
He was speaking at a news conference at his office in the capital Addis Ababa.
His remarks came amidst heightening tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt. Last month, a meeting of water ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan in Cairo ended, without reaching an agreement on the "inception report" put forth by the international consultants -- BRL and Artelia -- hired by the three countries to study the impact of the dam.
It has been six years since Ethiopia launched the GERD project, near the Ethiopia-Sudan border.
Ethiopia to go ahead with multi-billion dollar Nile dam
60 percent construction of Renaissance dam has been completed, says Ethiopian water ministers
By Addis Getachew ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia
Ethiopia said on Saturday no amount of misunderstanding would compel it to halt construction of the $4.8 billion mega hydro dam project on River Nile.
Seleshi Bekele, the Ethiopian minister of water, electricity and irrigation, said the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has completed 63 percent of its construction and soon it will be generating electricity.
He was speaking at a news conference at his office in the capital Addis Ababa. His
remarks came amidst heightening tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt. Last month, a meeting of water ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan in Cairo ended, without reaching an agreement on the "inception report" put forth by the international consultants -- BRL and Artelia -- hired by the three countries to study the impact of the dam.
It has been six years since Ethiopia launched the GERD project, near the Ethiopia-Sudan
border. Ever since this latest unsuccessful meeting, there has been strong word coming from the Egyptian side.
During Mugabe’s 37 years in office, the former president is believed to have amassed a huge fortune. The question everyone is asking is will impoverished Zimbabweans will ever see the money again?
It is not known exactly how much the geriatric former head of state and his family are worth. Estimates put the figure at around 844 million euros. In addition to a 25-bedroom house in Zimbabwe's capital Harare that's valued at 8.5 million euros, Mugabe owns a luxury villa in Hong Kong worth more than 4 million euros. It is allegedly one of his wife Grace's favorite properties. His most valuable property is Hamilton Palace in Sussex, England, worth more than 40 million
euros. Cases from other countries show how difficult and tedious this process can be. For example, during his term of office between 1993 and 1998, former Nigerian president Sani Abacha is said to have looted around 3.6 billion euro from his country's oil revenues and hidden it outside the
country." It took more than 16 years for a small portion of the stolen money be brought back to Nigeria," said Holden.
It is important to grasp this lesson in order to
conquer any fear of holding power.
Egypt unable to find agreement in Renaissance Dam talks
Ayah Aman November 22, 2017
CAIRO — Egypt has officially announced that the technical negotiations with Ethiopia and Sudan over the Renaissance Dam have failed. The announcement came following a round of tripartite deliberations between all the countries' ministers of water in Cairo on Nov. 11 and 12 regarding the completion of the impact assessment of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.
Egyptian Minister of Water and Irrigation Mohamed Abdel Aty said in a Nov. 12 statement, “Egypt is worried about the failure of the technical negotiations because it jeopardizes the future of cooperation between Sudan and Ethiopia and their ability to agree on the Renaissance Dam and to avoid its potential risks while preserving Egypt’s water security.”
“Look at the people’s reaction to Mugabe stepping down”: Ian Khama advises Mnangagwa Botswana’s President Ian Khama has reacted to Robert Mugabe’s resignation as Zimbabwe’s President after 37 years in power. Khama who was a fierce critic of Mugabe, said that he was not sorry that the nonagenarian had lost power.
I don’t see any reason why I should wish him well. Because if I have any sympathy for him, I would say to myself but didn’t he have any sympathy for his own people? But if he cared nothing for his own people then why should I care for him and I don’t wish him ill either. I just say lets leave him alone and let him just try and enjoy the rest of his life.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church: History, Doctrine, and Challenges
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD November 20, 2017
መዝሙር ዳዊት ፮ ፰: ፫ ፩ Psalm
Given the present challenges the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (henceforth EOTC) has encountered, this article intends to critically examine the internal and external foes of the Church and expose the agent provocateur mission to emasculate and if possible destroy the EOTC, and I will do so by way of discussing the history, doctrine, and challenges of the Church. However, at the outset, I like to make my position clear that I happen to be a scholar and a professor but not literati in theology; in fact, admittedly, my knowledge of theology is minimal and negligible, to say the least.
Moreover, I would like to make it clear that I will not apologize to anyone for defending the EOTC, and it is for the following reasons:
We Are Presidents Not Monarchs, You Have No Regional Support: Botswana’s Khama Tells Mugabe To Go
Botswana president Ian Khama has urged his counterpart in Zimbabwe, President Robert Mugabe to leave office so that Zimbabwe can get back on the “path of peace and prosperity.” He also told Mugabe that he had no regional support from SADC to prolong his 37 years in power. Mugabe is reported to have agreed to leave power in principle after the Zimbabwe Defence Forces seized power in the early hours of Wednesday. However, he is reported to have placed many conditions that the military is refusing to comply with.
Speaking to Reuters Khama said:I don’t think anyone should be President for
tha amount of time. We are Presidents, we are not monarchs. It’s just common sense.
Khama who became president of Botswana in 2008, will be leaving power next year after finishing two terms.
A Trip Through the Stunning, Rock-Hewed Churches of Ethiopia
The man, carrying a basket dripping with blood and slick with fresh entrails, was yelling. The sun had set, and in the empty dirt lot north of the old town of Harar, Ethiopia, where a dozen or so people had gathered, the only light came from yellowish headlamps of an old SUV. The man repeated a high-pitched shriek that lasted a good four or five seconds, something between a mournful wail and a yodel. After a minute of silence, we heard light, quick footsteps. I saw a sullen, hunched-over silhouette, then a pair of glowing eyes. Then two pairs. Hyenas
Egypt's Nile water share a 'matter of life or death,' says Sisi after Ethiopia dam negotiations stalemate
Ahram Online , Saturday 18 Nov 2017
Egypt’s share of Nile water is a "a matter of life or death for the nation," Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi said on Saturday in his first comments on the Ethiopian Grand Renaissance Dam (GERD) since negotiations between Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia stalled over the project last week.
In a televised talk during the inauguration of the Middle East's largest fish farm in Kafr El-Sheikh, El-Sisi said that “no one can touch Egypt’s share of [Nile] water.”
"We've talked to our brothers in Sudan and Ethiopia from the very beginning about three points, including not touching the water [of Egypt's share],"he said.
Egypt warns Ethiopia Nile dam dispute 'life or death'
The Associated Press
Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, for the second time in as many days, delivered on Saturday a stern warning to Ethiopia over a dam it is building after the two countries along with Sudan failed to approve a study on its potential effects.
Ethiopia is finalizing construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, its first major dam on the Blue Nile, and will eventually start filling the giant reservoir behind it to power the Africa's largest hydroelectric dam.
Egypt fears that will cut into its water supply, destroying parts of its precious farmland and squeezing its population of 94 million people, who already face water shortages.Dam construction on international rivers often causes disputes over the downstream impact.
Alon Ben-Meir - Nov 16, 2017 Losing The Last Vestiges Of Our Moral Fabric
The unspeakable atrocities that are happening in South Sudan are unfathomable, not only because of the scope of savagery in the war between the Dinka and Nuer peoples, but also because it defies every tenet of our civilized being in which we take so much pride. Civilization, however, has hardly penetrated the first layer of our thick skin. We assume that our unprecedented advancements in technology, medicine, space exploration, engineering, literature, and all forms of arts have equally deepened our moral and ethical conviction. No. We have in fact become increasingly immune and unmoved by the savagery which is unfolding before our eyes in so many countries.
Two UW students — one black, one white — offer hope in their personal fight for equality
Originally published November 9, 2017
Jerry Large / Columnist
I’m still looking for reasons to be hopeful about our nation’s future, and I think I can add a couple to my list: two University of Washington students I found, oddly enough, because of a
conversation about a subject that doesn’t always inspire hope.
Jaron Reed Goddard grew up in a military family that moved around a lot before settling down in Camas, a small town near Vancouver, Clark County. She’s in law school and is the student representative on the UW Board of Regents.
Joshua Dawson, from Federal Way, is a senior majoring in molecular, cellular and developmental biology. He’s been active in the university’s Race and Equity Initiative, which was launched by President Ana Mari Cauce two years ago to “confront bias and racism at the individual, institutional and systemic levels.”
The Routledge Companion to Media and Humanitarian Action, Routledge 2018, pp 307-320The Politics of Famine, Media Activism, and Donor Aid in the
Horn Aregawi Berhe PhD
A number of factors like climatic change, civil war or insurgency, internal political or economic crises, uncalled-for external involvement, and other interacting factors may play a role in the causation of the recurring famine in the Horn. Although some of the factors may have more weight than the others, identifying the decisive actors in the causation of this persistent problem is absolutely necessary if we are looking for a lasting solution. We may therefore begin by asking some pertinent questions such as: Why is this scourge occurring thick and fast in this corner of the world when human beings elsewhere have developed the capacity to produce plenty or even surplus of food and know no famine?
Asayehgn, Professor, Dominican University of California
the widespread and outrageous repression prevalent in Ethiopia during the
Derg’s era, Ethiopians had no other choice but to welcome the guerilla
fighters that have been fighting to overthrow the dictatorial military
government for more than fifteen years. After the military government was
dismantled, with little or no consultation of the Ethiopian masses, the
emerging Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF)
instituted an ethnic federation to form the current
Federal Democratic Republic of
According to the airline’s CEO, Tewolde GebreMariam, Ethiopian Airlines plans to continue their investment in “latest technology aircraft” to offer “the best possible travel experience” and to keep their “legacy of pioneering aviation technology in Africa” as part of their strategy Vision 2025.
Ethiopian Airlines took delivery of their first Dreamliner 787-8 in August 2012, becoming the first carrier in the world, outside Japan, to receive and operate the aircraft. Nowadays, Ethiopian has 19 787-8s in their fleet and three 787-9 will be joining the airline starting tomorrow
In a historic first, Ethiopia begins civil registration for refugees
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes the launch of civil registration for refugees in Ethiopia. Starting today, all refugees in the country will be able to register their vital life events, including birth, death, marriage and divorce, directly with national authorities.
This is a historic first and a ground-breaking development for refugee protection in Ethiopia, not previously realized over decades.
Civil registration for refugees has been made possible following an amendment to an existing legislation. UNHCR and the UN’s Children Agency (UNICEF) collaborated with the Government of Ethiopia in the preparation of the amendment.
DIRECTOR OF WORLD HEALTH BODY CANCELS JOB OFFER TO ZIMBABWE PREZ
Oct. 23, 2017 (GIN) – The Ethiopian director-general of the World Health Organization has rescinded his appointment of Pres. Robert Mugabe as Goodwill Ambassador after four days of heavy international pressure.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, whose own appointment sparked controversy in his home country, had appointed the Zimbabwean leader to the ceremonial position of honor. Tedros, who goes by his first name, apparently was unprepared for the firestorm the appointment would ignite.
“I have listened carefully to all who have expressed their concerns, and heard the different issues that they have raised,” he said in a statement issued Sunday. “I have also consulted with the Government of Zimbabwe and we have concluded that this decision (to rescind the appointment) is in the best interests of the World Health Organization.
“Ethnic clashes” in Ethiopia: setting the record straight
RENÉ LEFORT 22 October 2017
At least four scenarios merit consideration. The EPRDF is in the midst of preparations for its next Congress, set for March 2018. The first possibility is that it reaches an agreement on a way out of the crisis that is sufficiently substantive, credible, innovative and unifying to defuse at least the most radical opposition and to rally the various ethnic governing elites. Its primary focus will need to be a response to the eternal “national question”, or rather the “nationalities question”.
To this end, the only road to success is for the ANDM and OPDO to join forces, acquire allies among Tigrayans and Southerners in the upper levels of the EPRDF, perhaps also take advantage of their majority in the Parliament, and begin to establish a
remodeled federal system consistent with the spirit and the letter of the constitution.
Hydro-economics: Egypt, Ethiopia and the Nile
A look at the ongoing dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and its impact on the world's longest river.
22 Oct 2017
Water ministers from Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia have gathered last week to discuss how Africa's largest hydroelectric dam will affect water distribution and access to the Nile.
The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is 60 percent complete and has yet to go into operation. The $4.8bn
mega project near the Sudanese border was launched in April 2011.
Water rights and the utilization of water from the Nile for power generation still remain highly contentious issues. And there are concerns about GERD's impact on the river and downstream nations.
Nearly a quarter of a billion people rely on the Nile's waters.
Its basin covers eleven countries: Tanzania and Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.
Once famine-stricken, Ethiopia has many lessons for a country like India
October 16, 2017
By Neeraj Kaushal
In my youth, parents chastened their children if they wasted food by reminding them that millions starved in Ethiopia. Ethiopia was the country stricken with famines. According to the World Peace Foundation, between 1870 and 1980, 115 million starved to death in Ethiopia.Guess what? In 2017, Ethiopia will be the fastest-growing economy, projects the World Bank. And this is not just a blip. Between 2003-04 and 2014-15, the Ethiopian GDP increased 10.8 per cent annually, double the African average. What transformed Ethiopia from a famine-stricken country to the world’s fastest economy?
Ethiopia: Calls for Sustaining Diasporas' GERD Support
By Desta Gebrehiwot
The Ethiopian Diaspora Association aims to mobilize and reach more Diasporas to sustain their financial contribution to Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam(GERD) while calling for the government to come up with alternative income generation sources to unleash the potential.
So far the Diaspora community have contributed over 40 million Birr and are supporting the construction of the dam through donation and purchasing bonds, says Association Director General Abraham Seyum.
However, the Director General states the Association does not believe that government has done enough in unleashing Diaspora's financial potential. There are up to 2.5 million Ethiopians oversees. "This is a huge number and could be a good source finance. The Diasporas' contribution must continue with more determination. For this to happen, discussion forums should be organized to raise the understanding of the community towards GERD
Ethiopia has been attempting to use Benchmarking, Business Process Reengineering (BPR), Quality Management System (QMS), and the Kaizen managerial techniques to overcome its disadvantages in the production and marketing of manufactured goods. Nonetheless, Ethiopian manufacturing companies have been performing poorly in the international market (Desta, 2015). For instance, Ethiopia’s value-added (% of GDP) in manufacturing has ranged only from 6.00% in 2004 to 4.08% in 2015 (World Bank, 2016).
Here is why the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
(GERD) won’t be a Danger to Egypt’s Water Necessity
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD October 7, 2017
This essay, in effect, is a response to a recent USA Today special piece entitled “Here is Why Egypt’s Nile River is in Danger” and contributed by Jacob Wirtschaffer on September 27, 2017.
Time and again, I have scribbled on the Nile issue pertaining to the concerns of Egypt with respect to shortage of flow of water as a result of the GERD construction in Ethiopia. To some extent, Egypt’s concern is legitimate because the country would simply cease to exist without the Nile; the Nile indeed is the lifeline of the Egyptians and it is not without reason that the ancient Egyptians of Kemet worshipped the god of the Nile named Hapi. However, Egyptian politicians, for the most part, are jittery when it comes to the waters of the Nile and their concern is overblown and out proportion, and at times they exhibit unnecessary and infantile provocation against Ethiopia.
WHY IS THE U.S. WORRIED ABOUT ETHIOPIA?
BY CONOR GAFFEY ON 9/19/17
Ethiopia is a major U.S. ally in Africa. The government in Addis Ababa has long cooperated with Washington on security and
counter terrorism while benefiting generously from U.S. aid. In 2016, the U.S. pledged $809 million to Ethiopia, behind only war-torn South Sudan and Kenya, another Western ally, in sub-Saharan Africa.
But the U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa struck an urgent and concerned tone on Tuesday when it issued a statement saying it was “disturbed by the troubling reports” on “ethnic violence and the large-scale displacement of people” along the border between the country’s two largest regions, Oromia and Somali.
“We urge the Ethiopian government to conduct a transparent investigation into all allegations of violence and to hold those responsible accountable,” said the embassy’s statement.
Sudan: Military link with Ethiopia a pillar of stability in the region
September 19, 2017
“Military relations between Sudan and Ethiopia are key to achieving stability in the two countries and the region,” Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir said yesterday.
This came during his meeting with Ethiopian Joint Chief of Staff General Samora Muhammad Yunis, according to the statement of the Ministry of Defence reported by the Anadolu Agency.
Al-Bashir expressed his hope that this bilateral relationship would be a model for other links between the countries of the region.
He awarded the highest military decoration of the Sudanese armed forces to the Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian National Defence Forces, Lieutenant General Samora Yunis, in appreciation of his efforts in strengthening the role of Ethiopian peacekeepers.
co-founder, and former Chairperson of the party,
Aboy Sebhat Nega. Aboy Sebhat candidly shared with
us his perspectives on the current state of
Ethiopia, its reasonable progress and successes as
well challenges. Happy listening!
Jenny Durkan proposes free college for Seattle high school grads
by KOMO Staff Monday, August 28th 2017
SEATTLE -- Jenny Durkan, the Seattle mayoral candidate, proposed on Monday giving graduates of Seattle public high schools free tuition.
Durkan's is calling it Seattle Promise and it would give up to two years free college tuition at any one of the state’s 34 public community or technical colleges
Durkan is modeling Seattle Promise after the 13th Year Promise Scholarship Program that provides one year’s free tuition to graduates of the three public high schools in the South Seattle College district. 103 students were part of the program in the 2016-2017 school year.
Ethiopia: Opening Up as Rich Tourist Destination
While Ethiopia, the oldest country in Africa and the country that has never been colonised, shied away for years from exposing the invaluable and priceless legacies that dotted its landscape, economic reality and democracy have aroused the country into opening its history and sites to the curious world. Chinedu Eze who visited the most populous country in the horn of Africa, writes
Ethiopia with so many legacies is like a village belle; shy, coquettish and beautiful. She is like a damsel unravaged and with all its tradition intact. Ethiopia is heirloom, a pride to Africa and with unraveling history that is labyrinthine and fulfilling.
The country which is known as Abyssinia in the Biblical times is the cradle of civilisation because that was where the oldest human fossil was found and it houses the first mosque and church built in Africa.
I can't pay': taxing times for small traders in Ethiopia hit by 300% rate hike
Strikes and protests in volatile Oromia state reflect widespread anger over business tax rises as the government tries to reduce its reliance on aid
In the dense cobblestone streets of Burayu town, outside Addis Ababa, Melaku Abdella* and his family had been making a living selling basic items such as vegetables, cooking oil and soft drinks at competitive prices from their kiosk. But after the Ethiopian government stung him with a more than 300% tax increase last month, Abdella says he was left with no option but to close the business.
Like many low-income traders in the country’s Oromia region, the family didn’t keep accounts, meaning the authorities based their annual tax demand of 7,000 Ethiopian birr (£231) on an estimate of income. “It’s beyond my capacity to pay. I will have to hand in my business licence,” Abdella says
ETHIOPIA'S TIGRAI REGION BAGS GOLD AWARD FOR GREENING ITS DRYLANDS
from Thomson Reuters Foundation
Published on 22 Aug 2017 —View Original
Tigrai has managed to improve soil and water conservation, and closed off 1.2 million hectares of land to allow plants to regrow
By Alex Whiting
ROME, Aug 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A major project to restore land in Ethiopia's Tigrai Region to boost millions of people's ability to grow food won gold on Tuesday in a U.N.-backed award for the world's best policies to combat desertification and improve fertility of drylands.
Tigrai's drylands, home to more than 4.3 million people, are being restored on a massive scale, said the World Future Council, a foundation which organised the award together with the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
Ethiopia: Foreign Nationals, Refugees to Get Certificates for Vital Events
Addis Fortune, 29 July 2017
The Vital Events Registration Agency (VERA) will start the registration of vital events including birth, marriage, divorce, and death, for foreign nationals, Ethiopians of origin, and refugees starting next week.The Agency had its proclamation amended on July 6, 2017, allowing it to broaden its scope of registration from only local residences. The formation of the Agency was realised last year even though the Parliament enacted the establishment proclamation in 2012.
The issuance of certificate and registration fees for the vital events ranges from 20 to 50 Br. And as for the process to get the certificates, there is no special time arrangement for foreign nationals and Ethiopians of origin.The Agency has started operation in 14,264 stations out of the 18,506 registration stations it prepared for Ethiopians. It has registered a total of 323,920 vital events in the past nine months.
FinTech is Accelerating the Digital Transformation of Banking in Africa
Due to their potent blend of trail‐blazing technology and disruptive innovation, FinTech players have the ability to accelerate the digital transformation of financial services in Africa and, in turn, further spur incumbent banks to rapidly ramp‐up their own innovation initiatives to meet the financial needs of under‐served markets across the continent.
August 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: FinTech players are increasingly becoming an important part of the fabric of Africa’s financial services ecosystem and the leading banks on the continent are now more urgently seeking to harness technology innovations, collaborate with FinTech start‐ups, and create a platform to scale much faster – to make digital financial services pay.
are a coalition of immigrants in Seattle I
am a board member, one way for our City to tackle skyrocketing housing costs and gentrification is through land use policy, which the City has a lot of authority over. An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) currently required of large construction projects in Seattle, but they focus too narrowly on physical structures and traffic impacts, rather than including other social and economic impacts of development. As Mayor, would you support the City requiring a Social Equity Impact Statement (SEIS) as part of the review process for large development/construction projects in the City, which would look at issues of displacement, housing affordability, living-wage jobs, impacts on minority communities, etc.?
This month (July), the UW submitted its proposal to the City for a new Major Institution Master Plan (MIMP). The plan would go into effect in 2018 and last for 10 years. Based on early drafts, we know that the UW is proposing to increase its Seattle campus footprint by 30% and increase student, faculty and staff populations in the U District by 20%. This will have a huge impact on UW employees, including many from immigrant communities in Southeast Seattle with more people needing housing, child care and transit, especially along the Light Rail line. The City must sign off on the UW’s MIMP before it can take effect.
Please see the video how we rise the issues that
impact immigrant community.
Observer point of view
Mr. Benyam Kebede Ethiopia First editor his commentary, personal view on the Ethiopian anti-corruption is timely. Bribery is one of the important manifestations of corruption. It became clear the misuse of public office for private gain and these include the sale of government property, kickbacks in public procurement, bribery and embezzlement of government funds among others was rampant and overdue. The fight against corruption cannot be a “one man show” and relegated uniquely to political leadership. Anti-corruption strategies are effective if they are inclusive, systematic and structured. The independence of the anti-corruption body set-up by government is also paramount for the success of reform strategies. If the independent bodies are answerable to parliament rather than the head of state, this could improve their effectiveness. Political leadership can play a crucial role in promoting/discouraging corrupt activities. it is a major obstacle to economic progress, social welfare, service delivery and good governance in the Ethiopia. Common to all conditional corruption-control distribution strands is the issue of “political will” in the implementation of reforms. As a good beginning the recent media expose can establish public confidence through regular updates in press conferences that reveal strides that are being made towards reducing wrongdoing, increasing accountability and transparency. Witch hunts on narrow subversive political agenda can create unstable crisis and slow the intense debate that is ignited to combat effectively.
young Ethiopian immigrant who has spent most of
her life in the United States, has founded a
project to give back to her country of birth.
VOA's Amber Wihshi has more.
Apartheid in Israel even for Ethiopian Jews
(AhlulBayt News Agency) - Zionists make them sweat, use their labor but waste their blood. This is the exploitation of Ethiopian Jews in Israel.
According to the article, Zionist racism is flagrantly applied to Ethiopian Jews in Israel.
Racism has peaked, here. The Israelis are the ruler of time and the Ethiopians are slaves wearing chains.
Here, top posts and positions, precious and luxury homes are given to Israeli Jews, after their slaves made and equipped it for their Sultans.
Many images have been published on social media that indicate Ethiopians conditions. They work really hard to make these houses in Israeli settlements, but these homes belong to white people who are opposed that the black folks have any home in their neighborhood.
Negotiations on Ethiopian dam are ongoing: Egypt's irrigation minister
Menna Alaa El-Din , Saturday 29 Jul 2017
Negotiations between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan over technical concerns on Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam are still ongoing, Egypt’s irrigation minister told Al-Ahram Daily in press statements.
In an interview published on Saturday, minister Mohamed Abdel-Ati told Al-Ahram that talks have not been abandoned, adding that Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan are also discussing when an upcoming technical and political round of talks between the three countries would be held.
“We hope they take place soon, because not reaching a resolution at the right time would be a problem for all. Reaching consensus between all parties is in everyone's interest,” he said.
The statements by the minister come as the three countries try to agree on a fixed date to hold a postponed trilateral committee meeting in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.
Ethiopia: Orthopedic Surgeon Who Aspires to Make Ethiopia a Medical Tourism Hub
By Addisalem Mulat
Dr. Biruk Lambisso is a senior consultant Orthopedic Surgeon by profession. He is as well an Associate Professor at Addis Ababa University- Black lion Hospital, President of Ethiopian Society of Orthopedics & Traumatology (ESOT), Head of Department of Orthopaedic at School of Medicine, College of Health Science in AAU. He is also the Chairman of several committees at Federal and Addis Ababa City level.
I would say Ethiopia is very different at this moment in time. Our people should know the fact that modern health is better than unscientific and untested sub-standard ways of treatment. Therefore, they should be able to know the huge potential we have in relation to orthopedic practices in Ethiopia.
Egypt’s external debt rises 9.7% to $73.88 billion in three months
Published Monday, 31 July 2017 17:05 | Written by Mohamed Hamdy
Egypt’s external debt rose 9.7 percent from December 2016, to March 2017, according to the monthly report of the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) on Monday.
The debt amount increased to $73.88 billion during the third quarter of financial year 2016/2017 ended in March 2017, from $67.332 billion in the second quarter of financial year 2016/2017 ended in December 2016.
In mid-July, Egypt's central bank received $1.25 billion worth of the second and final disbursal of the first $4 billion tranche of a $12 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund.
The deposit followed the IMF executive board's approval of the first review of the loan, aimed to support the country’s cash reserve of foreign currency, which reached $31.3 billion at the end of June.
Egypt signed a three-year $12 billion IMF programme in
Online Privacy Guide for Journalists 2017
Many veteran journalists, but not only these, surely noticed that we are all of a sudden bombarded again from all-over with mentions of Watergate. Books like George Orwell’s 1984 are on display at bookstores and an air of danger to freedom of speech and freedom of the press is spreading slowly like a dark cloud over the Western Hemisphere, raising old fears.
When an American serving president accuses a former president of surveillance; when he prevents central US media outlets access – so far always granted, and taken for granted – to press conferences he holds; and when he incessantly knocks and accuses the media of being the country’s enemy number one, it isn’t surprising that memories of President Nixon surface up more with every self-pitying tweet about SNL, and that even Republican Senators such as John McCain express fear for the future of democracy.
Ethiopia asserts commitment to coordinate with Egypt through GERD negotiations
Ethiopia parliamentary speaker meets with an Egyptian delegation following news of preparations to store water in the GERD
Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said earlier in July that Egypt could be the main party affected by the construction of GERD, if Egypt’s concerns “were not taken into consideration,” during a meeting with his Ethiopian counterpart Workneh Gebeyehu, according to state-owned newspaper
Al-Ahram. While Gebeheyu asserted Ethiopia's commitment to the 2015 declaration of principles, which was signed by Egypt, Sudan, and
Ethiopia, stipulating that the three countries agree upon all measures regarding
GERD. The Ethiopian government had started establishing the Renaissance Dam in April 2011 on the Nile River. However, Egypt has expressed concerns that the construction of the Renaissance Dam could negatively affect Egypt’s share of Nile water.
Ethiopia earned 866 million USD exporting 221,000 tons of coffee during its last fiscal year.
According to Ethiopian Coffee & Tea Development and Marketing Authority, it has accomplished 92 per cent of its set goal to increase coffee exports. " It is a very great achievement compared to nation's previous years' coffee export performance."
In a recent exclusive interview with The Ethiopian Herald, Market Development and Promotion Directorate Director Dassa Daniso said: "Ethiopian Coffee has been imported to over 60 countries. But, this year, 57 countries have imported our coffee, particularly, 86 per cent ofthe total coffee exports destined for Germany, Saudi Arabia, Japan, USA, Belgium, Sudan, South Korea, among others."
10 things that make Ethiopia extraordinary
Or that Rastafarians regard it as their spiritual home?
Or could it be the smooth, well-maintained roads, so rare on the continent, that make exploring the country by car such a joy?
After a 1,430-kilometer drive through Ethiopia's Northern Circuit -- up mountains, through Mars-like landscapes, into lost kingdoms of yore -- we found 10 crucial things that define the country.
1. The best Italian restaurant in the world (according to Bob
Geldof, anyway) The buzzing bedlam of Mahatma Gandhi Street in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia's capital, is the setting for Castelli's -- arguably the best Italian restaurant this side of Bologna.
An Italian soldier, Francesco Castelli, founded the modest-looking eatery at the end of WWII. Since then it's gained a global profile thanks to endorsement from celebrity diners such as Bob Geldof, Bono and Brad and Angelina.
This article intends to address the current
complex and complicated Ethiopian politics in
Ethiopia and the Diaspora by way of infusing
theoretical explanations and furnishing some
ideological tenets for the sake of clarity and for
overcoming the dearth of political culture amongst
the Ethiopian political groupings at home and the
Diaspora. Furthermore, this article will attempt
to diagnose the prosaic and disillusioning
realities that have now afflicted much of the
Ethiopian Diaspora and some opposition groups in
Ethiopia and World Bank agree five-year deal
Ethiopia and the World Bank have agreed a new five-year partnership to build on the considerable development gains achieved over the past decade and boost institutional accountability.
The renewed partnership stresses sustainable and inclusive growth, placing a focus on education, increased access to markets and job creation for young people.
Improved governance and social accountability to help tackle corruption make up another important plank of the agreement.
“The Country Partnership Framework intensifies our support for poverty reduction in Ethiopia and seeks to address key challenges facing the country,” said Carolyn Turk, World Bank country director for Ethiopia.
June 20, 2017This article is partly inspired by the May 3-5 2017 World
Economic Forum (WEF) for Africa that was held in Durban, South Africa, and
partly by the overall promising progress African countries are making in
spite of the fact that we still witness enormous challenges for the
continent, especially in overcoming poverty, illiteracy, disease, and
instability in some pockets. However, this essay is mainly inspired by the
‘Electrifying all of Africa’ panel, which was part of the WEF Africa
Beauty and Color: Scenes From Ethiopia
Ethiopia is home to more than 100 million people—the second most-populous nation in Africa. It is also composed of wildly varying landscapes, and an incredible diversity of ethnic and religious groups. Getty Images photographer Carl Court reports that “Lonely Planet recently ranked Ethiopia among the top ten 2017 world tourist destinations,” and that it earned more than $870 million from tourism in the first quarter of 2017 alone. Gathered here are a handful of recent images from across Ethiopia, showing just some of its people and regions.
Djibouti opens new port for Ethiopia potash exports
Thu Jun 15, 2017
DJIBOUTI, June 15 (Reuters) - Djibouti on Thursday inaugurated a new port that will serve as the main gateway for potash exports from
neighboring Ethiopia, the second of four new ports that will boost the tiny Horn of Africa nation's position as a continental hub.
The port in the small fishing town of Tadjourah in the north of the country is the closest outlet for Ethiopia's Afar and Tigray regions, where a number of foreign companies are developing potash mines.
Built at a cost of $90 million, the port has capacity of 4 million tones of potash a year.
"Ultimately, 35 percent of the volume of goods destined for Ethiopia can be unloaded here," the Chairman of Ports and Free Trade Zones, Aboubaker Hadi, told Reuters.
Betray Not Tigrai Again!
Helena H/Selassie, MD 09 June 2017
This piece is based on personal experience. During my recent return to the Motherland, I visited
several cities and development projects throughout Ethiopia. I gratefully thank those who guided me all
the way through. To learn what is going on in the social, economic, and political spheres, I spent most of
my time in Mekelle. To my dismay, I observed a prevalence of maladministration, a chronic corruption,
which manifested a failed governance system? Hopping for full acceptance as an Ethiopian and as a professional physician,
I introduced myself to everyone as a medical doctor. The final outcomes revealed to me, however, that my hope was against hope.
I had a dream project, which was to invest in a small rural clinic in one of the
Tigrean villages where my family roots start. But, I was frustrated extremely by:
Ethiopia: The Rare Ethiopian Destinations to See in a Lifetime
By Eden Sahle
Ethiopia has proved itself as a place for seasoned travelers. The country features beaches, stunning green valleys, as well as Fire Lake filled ravines. A peaceful
tranquility flows in Ethiopia, a country known for its historical sanctuaries, temples, palaces and stunning natural creations. Step into this paradise a natural extravaganza where you witness the country's rare and breath-taking destinations and lavish amenities in some of the world class accommodations in the most elegant hotels in the country. Do not miss out on Ethiopia's extreme locations as it takes adventure to the next level.
Egypt and Ethiopia Still in Dispute for Dam on the Nile
Cairo, Jun 7 (Prensa Latina) The Egypt and Ethiopia''s governments are still analyzing the preliminary report on the environmental and economic impact of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam-hydroelectric station over the Nile, an issue that has caused a dispute between the two countries.
According to the spokesperson for the Egyptian Ministry of Irrigation Hossam Imam, Cairo is negotiating with Addis Ababa the period of time during which the dam should be filled after is construction is finished, one of the main points of discord.
In that moment, the Nile's water level will be necessarily affected, according to experts on the subject.
In statements to the media, Imam highlighted that the signatory countries to the Entebbe Agreement, which includes a framework to facilitate cooperation between the countries of the Nile basin, should apply the principle of cooperation for all to enjoy the socioeconomic benefits of the river.
The Mayor and Seattle City Council recently announced the initial 13 appointees selected to serve on the City of Seattle’s new Community Involvement Commission (CIC). The CIC will ultimately be comprised of 16 equity champions who will work to ensure that our City departments are creating and implementing equitable engagement strategies that lead to more relevant and impactful public participation. They will also provide feedback on the development of City departments’ community involvement plans. All the appointments are subject to City Council confirmation.
Kiros Mayoral Appointee: At-large Member
Kiros is the editor of the Ethiopian
Observer. He holds an MBA from the University of Phoenix and an
Environmental Science degree from the University of Washington Bothell. He
worked at Seattle Center for 13 years as a lead and administrative
assistant and was a team member for the advancement of Race and Social
Justice. He is also a board member of Coalition
of Immigrants, Refugees and Communities of Color (CIRCC). Bereket has
spent almost 20 years working to build bridges between the City and its
immigrant and refugee populations, and empowering those communities
through candidate forums, voter registration, and rights trainings.
Forecasters Say Drought May Linger in Ethiopia
Forecasters are warning that Ethiopia could face more rainfall deficits, deepening a drought that has left nearly eight million of the country's people in need of aid.
Dr. Chris Funk is a climate scientist at the United States Geological Survey (USGS) whose research focuses on African and Asian countries. He told VOA's Horn of Africa Service that there is a 50 percent chance another El Nino weather event could form in the Pacific Ocean this year.
“If it's a moderate or strong El Nino, that would definitely tilt towards odd, below normal rain for northern Ethiopia," he said. "That is what happened unfortunately in 2015, when we had a strong El Nino that reduced rains in northern and central Ethiopia and we are concerned about that possibility."
Dr. Aregawi Berhe, the
Co-founder of TPLF “Tigrai Liberation Front” and former commander of
the army. During the interview, Dr. Berhe, reflected his role and
affiliations with the front that he co-founded and help build. He also
shared his stand on the question of Eritrea as well as the roles of
Ethiopian opposition groups. (Part I of 2) Enjoy
from the Director
Message from the Director
Last summer when the Community Involvement Commission was announced, it was still an idea being formulated. The idea wasn’t to create a commission just to create a commission (the City already has plenty). Rather, we saw this as an opportunity to do something different, while also creating a tool to make outreach and engagement more equitable.
That is what we were thinking, or at least what we hoped. Making it a reality was another story. In February, we launched our effort to promote the Commission and recruit applicants for this unique opportunity. Our search for "Equity Champions" had begun. We went live with fingers crossed. Something worked and something resonated because nearly 300 people applied, all wanting to be part of the solution.
We had everything from seasoned volunteers to people who were just compelled to do something, anything. We had people driven by specific issues in their neighborhood to those driven by the national dialogue. Every application was read, and every person had a story.
Through many conversations, we quickly realized what a difficult task we faced. We had a wealth of talent and compassion…hundreds vying for a handful of seats. It wasn’t easy, but that’s a good problem to have. We are now at the point where the Commission is soon to be standing. Our Equity Champions have been found, and their stories are inspiring.
I encourage you to learn more about these individuals. We will be featuring each and every one of them on our blog. They have stepped up to be part of the solution, and I hope you will join the conversation.
- Kathy Nyland, Director of Seattle Department of Neighborhoods
Inspired by China's success story, Ethiopia modernizes its economy
By He Wei in Shanghai
China is a source of inspiration as Ethiopia modernizes its economy.
Arkebe Oqubay, special adviser to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Hailemaraim Desalegn, said he believes the Belt and Road Initiative will bring further tangible benefits to the East African nation through enhanced trade and investment.
Building industrial parks and the Ethiopia-Djibouti railway are among the latest examples of how China's businesses in the country can drive economic development and boost employment.
"China has long been focusing on fighting poverty," said Oqubay on the sidelines of the Shanghai Forum, an annual international symposium on Asian and world affairs, at the weekend.
For 4,500 years, ancient humans kept on coming back to one cave in Ethiopia. It's a roomy enclosure at the base of a limestone cliff, but its natural qualities were only one part of the story. People used the cave to store reddish stones rich in iron oxide, and then they turned those stones into different colors. A new study suggests that the cave, called Porc-Epic, was the world's first art studio.
FinTech and the Positive Transformation of Banking in Africa
The impact of Blockchain, Open Banking, Mobile Money and Payments innovation are radically transforming the financial services landscape as FinTech disruptors intensify the challenge to Incumbent Banks in Africa and kickstart new opportunities
25th May 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: The unique environment for financial services in Africa is fertile ground for innovative FinTech players who are
capitalizing on the opportunities to disrupt or leapfrog established business models to make ﬁnancial services more affordable, accessible and profitable across the continent.
23 MAY 2017 | GENEVA - Today the Member States of WHO elected Dr Tedros Adhanom
Ghebreyesus as the new Director-General of WHO.
Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus was nominated by the Government of Ethiopia, and will begin his five-year term on 1 July 2017.
Prior to his election as WHO’s next Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ethiopia from 2012-2016 and as Minister of Health, Ethiopia from 2005-2012. He has also served as chair of the Board of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; as chair of the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership Board, and as co-chair of the Board of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health.
Youth gather to collaborate and tackle change in their communities across East Africa
NAIROBI, Kenya, May 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/Asianet-Pakistan -- More than 100 young African leaders met in Nairobi, Kenya from May 19 –20 to collaborate for promoting positive change in communities throughout Africa by harnessing youth innovation and leadership.
Voice of Reason
Advocacy Group for Growth and Transformation
May 17, 2017
H.E. Antonio Guterres
Secretary General of the United Nations
The search for the Director General of the World Health Organization has come down to three finalists, all excellent public servants and well regarded health professionals. The campaign, however, has taken an ugly turn as it heats up in the final days before member nations are due to vote. The scurrilous and unfounded charges leveled by Dr. Nabarro’s advisor against the front runner, the highly respected former Health and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia and the unanimous choice of Africa, Dr.
Tedros Adhanom, should be a matter of concern for the UN.
Leapfrogging 101: Catalysing innovation for green industrialisation – Ethiopia’s bold ambition
eremy Wakeford discusses how green innovation holds the key to sustainable industrial transformation.
The Federal Government of Ethiopia aspires to transform the country into a middle-income economy within the coming decade. To achieve this goal, the government has adopted two successive five-year Growth and Transformation Plans (GTPs), which are focused on industrial transformation.
At the same time, though, the authorities are acutely aware of how dependent the economy and society are on natural resources and the environment – and also of the country’s extreme vulnerability to climate change. Consequently, the government has committed the country to a low-carbon development trajectory within a so-called Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy.
Professor Asayehgn Desta
On March 1, 1896 Ethiopian patriots achieved an unprecedented triumph against Italy’s aggressive colonization at the Battle of Adwa. It is exciting to know that the honorable Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Ato Haile Mariam Desalgne has laid down a commemorative monument dedicated to the establishment of the Adwa Pan-African University 120 years after this historic battle. Although the infrastructure in Adwa is currently inadequate, the prospective university center is key to Adwa’s future.
The university’s site is very close to the Enda Aba Girma Church, where the Italian Brigadier Vittorio Dabormid and the remaining Italian brigade was finally wiped out (Jonas, 2011). The stone monument was erected very close to the statue and burial place of the known Ethiopian hero, Ras Alula (Aga Nega). In addition, the University will be close by the church of Aba Germa, where some of the belongings of the Holiness Abuna Paulos, Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahado Church, are found.
Sudan and Ethiopia on alert for Egyptian military strike
May 5, 2017 at 12:30 pm
Sudanese and Ethiopian forces operating on the border between the two countries are in place to prepare for any offensive that Egypt might launch against Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam on the River Nile, intelligence and security sources in Khartoum have revealed to MEMO.
The two armies have been alerted that the Egyptian air force now has the capability to strike the dam at a distance of up to 1,500 kilometres, following the purchase of 24 Rafale fighter jets from France. The Ethiopians have deployed long-range missiles around the dam as a precautionary measure and Sudan’s forces have been placed on standby.
Ethiopia - Priorities for ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity : systematic country diagnostic (English)
This Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) identifies the binding constraints to reducing extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity in Ethiopia. Achieving those goals requires a two pronged strategy of building on the strengths of past performance as well as introducing new elements. Progress in rural livelihoods drove poverty reduction in the past and will likely do so in the future. In addition, faster, and more inclusive, private sector-led structural change and ‘getting urbanization right’ are essential going forward. The report identifies two key challenges to sustainable progress: Ethiopia needs sustainably financed infrastructure that enables private investment to flourish and reduces reliance on public borrowing. It must also strengthen feedback mechanisms that inform policymakers of what works and what doesn’t so that the aspirations of a rapidly rising and better-educated working-age population can be met.
Ethiopia: Keeping the Stride to Speed Up Global Energy Development
By Zelalem Girma
Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development. Access to modern energy is essential for the provision of clean water, sanitation and healthcare and for the provision of reliable and efficient lighting, heating, cooking, mechanical power, transport and telecommunications services.With the theme: "Better Hydro in an Interconnected World," the International Hydropower Association (IHA), with the joint support of the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO), the African Union Commission (AUC), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the World Bank and the African Development Bank (AfDB) has finalized preparation to organize the World Hydropower Congress (WHC) to be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as of May 9-11, 2017.
Museveni in Ethiopia for security meeting
By Admin Added 22nd April 2017
According to reports, the mispricing of natural resources in Africa leads to the loss of $50b per year, more than Africa's combined foreign direct investment and overseas development aid. In addition, according to an Oxfam estimate, more than US$18b per year is lost through resource-related conflicts in Africa, not including indirect costs.
The forum will focus on the theme of “Natural Resource Governance in Africa”, reflecting the centrality of natural resources, both in historical as well as in contemporary times.
Proposed Language Reform for Ethiopia: Volume I
Three Qua Publishing December 2016; made in the USA, Charleston, SC, January 2017 Authored by Lou T. M. Kahssay
Reviewed by Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD
April 20, 2017
The title of the book tells it all. Proposed Language Reform for Ethiopia meticulously (and I gather painstakingly) diagnosed the problem and shortcomings of the Ethiopian written system (commonly known as Ethiopic or Geez) in particular and the language in general, and came up with a radical departure from the traditional Ethiopian orthography. “Due to the Ethiopic alpha syllabic script and fusional nature of the Ethio Semitic languages,” says Lou Kahssay, “it is difficult to maintain alphabetical order for the majority of word derivations and inflections without reforming the orthography to some degree. The existence of too many word derivations, widespread spelling inconsistencies and a large number of characters in the Ethiopic writing system means only a small fraction of words in Ethio Semitic languages can be entered in any dictionary let alone to be ordered alphabetically.” (Preface)
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD April 14, 2017
This article intends to critically examine the future relations of Ethiopia and Eritrea in the context of the prevailing complicated political scenario that has impacted on the respective foreign policies of the two countries following the Algiers Agreement and subsequent delimitation of the Ethiopian-Eritrean border by the Boundary Commission (April 13, 2002).
This article intends to critically examine the future relations of Ethiopia and Eritrea in the context of the prevailing complicated political scenario that has impacted on the respective foreign policies of the two countries following the Algiers Agreement and subsequent delimitation of the Ethiopian-Eritrean border by the Boundary Commission (April 13, 2002).The concern of people of Shire and Irob is the concern of all Ethiopians, and the Ethiopian government has an obligation to listen to the people and honor their demands and aspirations, and it is in light o the peoples’ concerns and overall Ethiopia’s national interest that the Ethiopian Government must enter peace negotiations with Eritrea.
A growth engine
Trends and outcomes of private equity in Africa
A growth engine: Trends and outcomes of private equity in Africa is a report from The Economist
Corporate Network (ECN). It is informed by interactions with leading private-equity
advocates and actors who support the asset class in Africa. Prequin data for 2016 included
reported transactions from January 1st to December 16th. Baker McKenzie sponsored the
report. ECN performed the research and wrote the report independently. The findings and views
expressed in this report are those of ECN alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the
Why the Food of Ethiopia Tastes Like Home (Even Though I've Never Been)
I fell in love with Ethiopian food on a perfect weekend almost thirteen years ago. My not-yet-husband and several friends and I were on a four-day pass from our Army unit in Georgia and decided to drive to Washington D.C. for Veterans Day. By happy circumstance, my father (a globe-trotting neuroscientist) was in town for a conference so we agreed to meet him for dinner at an Ethiopian restaurant he recommended.
Ethiopia: Can the Landlocked Power Restore Its Former Glory?
Analysis MARCH 31, 2017 Analysis
Among its African contemporaries, Ethiopia stands out as one of the few countries that has existed in essentially the same form since antiquity, albeit under different names. Its geographic position at the heart of the Horn of Africa has made it a crossroads for trade, helping it to maintain a continuity that has lasted from ancient times through the colonial era to today. While modern Ethiopia's interests are much more tightly focused on its core than the far-flung reach its ancient predecessors commanded, its geography still makes it a key player in global trade and regional politics. Although its importance in international trade has diminished with technological advances in transport and a shift away from the resources it provides or conveys, exports are still a focus of its economy.
There is something brewing in South Sudan and for the Frist Vice President Taban Deng Gai to put his interest above the country’s interest will create an existential crisis in the nation. However, the majority of South Sudanese including myself believe that the power to destroy a nation is not the lesson of President Kiir Mayardit’s Presidency. But the real question in the head of every Ruweng people is, is the First Vice President Taban Deng Gai’s lesson here to destroy a nation? However, when the news break out in Juba the majority of Ruweng people were very excited about the appointment of Governor Theji De Adwad Deng and assumed that it would only strengthen our relationship with the FVP Taban. However, having a relationship with the FVP Taban seems to have had the opposite effect on Ruweng people’s lives ever since.
Ethiopia: GERD Is Indispensable to Ethiopia's Energy Ambition
By Fekadu W.
Development Bank of Ethiopia (DBE) on Mach 17, 2016 stated that the amount of money contributed by the public to the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has reached close to 10 billion birr. DBE Bond Management Director, Firew Kassa said the fund was collected from sale of bond, GERD lottery and trophy, Diaspora's contribution and 8100 public game, among others.
He said public servants and private employees have taken the leading position in materializing the donation they have pledged and purchasing bonds. Similarly, the Diaspora, private investors, merchants and all citizens across the country have played their own role in contributing financial support to the GERD.
Attorney, Foreign Policy Advisor
Early into the presidency of Donald Trump, his Administration’s Africa policy remains terra incognito. Though Africa watchers trying to glean future policy leanings have examined questions on Africa submitted to the State Department by the Trump Transition team in January, and scrutinized pronouncements made on the campaign trail, if experience with previous administrations is anything to go by, predictions concerning the tenor of US-Africa relations at the outset of new administrations are frequently unreliable.
The challenges presently faced by people of African descent worldwide, require cooperation between Pan-Africanists on projects which are realizable in the short, medium and long terms; from political cooperation to lighting the fire of Pan-Africanism in youth. The support of a sympathetic American administration would be helpful here, but it is not indispensable to the objective of forging closer ties between people of African descent worldwide.
Four decades after Haile Selassie’s death, Ethiopia is an African success story
Christopher Clapham, Professor Emeritus at the Centre of African Studies, University of Cambridge looks at the changes that Ethiopia has undergone since the assassination 40 years ago of its last emperor, Haile Selassie.
Ethiopia has changed beyond all recognition since the death of its last emperor, Haile Selassie, 40 years ago. Haile Selassie was surreptitiously murdered at the age of 83 by the military revolutionaries who had overthrown him a year earlier. Though t-shirts bearing his familiar features are to be seen on the streets of Addis Ababa, the days of the empire have gone and there is no move to restore it.
Traveling While Brown? U.S. Border Agents Can Search Your
When Buffalo, New York couple Akram Shibly and Kelly McCormick returned to the U.S. from a trip to Toronto on Jan. 1, 2017, U.S. Customs & Border Protection officers held them for two hours, took their
cell phones and demanded their passwords.
"It just felt like a gross violation of our rights," said Shibly, a 23-year-old filmmaker born and raised in New York. But he and McCormick complied, and their phones were searched.
Three days later, they returned from another trip to Canada and were stopped again by CBP.
"One of the officers calls out to me and says, 'Hey, give me your phone,'" recalled Shibly. "And I said, 'No, because I already went through this.'"
undisputed fact of the Ucchale Treaty for example shows that Menelik was
engaged in selling out Ethiopian territory to Ethiopia’s enemies. Here
in the words of respected and World renowned historian the undisputed
facts, something that are testified to by many other historians: Professor
Sven Rubenson wrote in his very important book,
“The Survival of Ethiopian Independence,” Pp 384-85:
“The death of Yohannis finally presented Minilik with the opportunity
for which he had been waiting for almost 25 years. He had been a reluctant
vassal, and his contribution in defense of Ethiopia’s territory and
independence had so far marginal: In the very last year of Yohannes’s
reign, however Minilik came perilously close to allying himself with
Ethiopia’s potentially most dangerous enemy, Now he needed the Italians
more than they needed him. He wanted the promise rifles and more if
possible. ……He was certainly aware that he would be requested to pay
in terms future territorial concessions as well, if he succeeded to hold
his own and eventual replace Yohannis as Emperor. It was in this situation
the treaty of Wichale was conceived in Rome in August-September 1888. In
the draft treaty, these concessions were defined by a line starting
Anifilla on the cost, passing by and including in the Italian colony the
village of Halay, Hebo, Akrur, Asmara, and Seazega and, after having
followed the Anseba a short distance, running in a straight line east to
west so that Bogos and most of other districts once held by Egyptians
would go to Italy.”
Menelik’s seal and signature on such Treaties stands as a testimony to
his selfish scarifies of Ethiopian territory [Eritrea] as the single most
reason as the source of our present predicament, a historical backlash. It
is no longer impossible for Ethiopian educators to close their eyes to the
fact Menelik conspired with the Italians for 5000 rifles with Antonelli to
stay neutral in the war against Italians and Mahdist. When Menelik had
been ordered by Yohannes to take position in the field against Mahdists
after their retreat from Tana, Menelik agreed to act only as a peacemaker
between Yohannes and Mahdists.
me anchor facts from the slippery road of optimism of Menelik that parrot
and advocate the detrimental and treacherous policies of the past as if
they were conventional wisdom or fact is totally foolish pseudo
intellectuals are otherwise engaged in creating their own version of
history. It is but a dangerous illusion. As evidenced by many shoddy
publications and spiteful diatribes.
Photo – Emperor Yohannes of Ethiopia (from British Royalarchive)Posted
on Saturday, March 11, 2017 by Gebre Selassie ArayaSource Horn Affairs [My note is mainly based on Dej. Zewde
Gebre-Selassie’s (PhD) book, ”Yohannes IV of Ethiopia”: A Political
the eyes of the general reader, and the Shäwanized history of Abyssinia
in particular, Kassa Mircha (later Emperor Yohannes IV) has been
singularly portrayed as a collaborator with the British during the
‘British Expedition against Emperor Tewodros in 1868. But this is half
of the truth often presented with distortion. The following letters will
help readers to set the historical record straight and challenge the
historical distortions disseminated by biased ‘’Historians’’ who
are directly or indirectly affiliated to the ruling elite of the
The Historical Responsibility of Ethiopian Public Scholars in the Redemption of Ethiopian History Book
Ghelawdewos Araia February 27, 2017
Theda Skocpol once said, “Our roles as public scholars, as influential citizens, and as mentors for civically engaged young adults have never been more important than they are right now.”2 Theda’s eloquent statement (appeal) on scholars is quite a fitting to the central thesis of this essay and to the message I want to convey to my fellow Ethiopian scholars. It is our solemn duty and responsibility to educate the young Ethiopians and lead them by example so that they embrace the authentic history of their country and this would have a tremendous positive impact on the psychological makeup of Ethiopian youth. To be sure, the young Ethiopians are not only the torchbearers of what we kindled but they are also the leaders of tomorrow. It is thus crucial that we arm our young citizens with Ethiopian historiography.
Will "African Lion" Ethiopia sustain fast growth?
ADDIS ABABA, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- Kenyan media outlets have it well covered recently that Ethiopia is about to overtake Kenya and become the leading economy in East Africa.
Building on decade-long double-digit growth catalyzed by enormous government spending on infrastructure, the size of the Ethiopian economy, in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measurements, will reach 69.2 billion U.S. dollars, according to projections the International Monetary Fund (IMF) made for 2016. In 2015, its GDP stood at 61.6 billion dollars.
Kenya's GDP, on the other hand, is expected to rise to 69.1 billion U.S. dollars in 2016, up from 63.4 billion dollars in 2015.
If the projections turn out to be true, Ethiopia, hailed by pundits as an "African lion", will surpass Kenya. Though the possible win would be by a small margin, Kenyans have echoed that Ethiopia is surely becoming a new superpower in the region.
Alternative Politics of Renewal
By Yossef Ben-Meir
What does it look like when the local approach to achieving sustainable development projects guides not just how we govern, but is also strategically implemented by candidates to help them campaign and secure elected office?
First, let us consider which processes are most effective in advancing community initiatives that meet both socio-economic and environmental needs. From this vantage point, we can see how participatory development procedures translate into broad-based political movements.
Dazzling jewels from an Ethiopian grave reveal 2,000-year-old link to Rome
British archaeology team uncovers stunning Aksumite and Roman artefacts
Spectacular 2,000-year-old treasures from the Roman empire and the Aksumite kingdom, which ruled parts of north-east Africa for several centuries before 940AD, have been discovered by British archaeologists in northern Ethiopia.
Louise Schofield, a former British Museum curator, headed a major six-week excavation of the ancient city of Aksum where her team of 11 uncovered graves with “extraordinary” artefacts dating from the first and second centuries. They offer evidence that the Romans were trading there hundreds of years earlier than previously thought.
East Africa: UNHCR Hails Ethiopia's Refugee Handling
The Ethiopian Herald
By Tsegay Hagos
The UN Refugee Agency has lauded Ethiopia for its commitment in hosting refugees and providing asylum and other basic needs.
UNHCR Ethiopia Spokesperson Kisut Gebrezgabher told The Ethiopian Herald that Ethiopia is prominent for its open door policy towards refugees and asylum seekers for centuries, and UNHCR as well as the international community appreciate the country and its people's generosity.
Kisut said: "The people and government of Ethiopia, particularly the refugee hosting communities must be commended for their generous hospitality and continued support to the refugees. The international community should recognize this and support Ethiopia to help the refugees.
Ethiopia: Setting Non-Partisan Agenda On Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
The Ethiopian Herald
ANALYSIS By Fekadu Wubete
Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn had discussed with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi while here, in Addis Ababa for the 28th African Union (AU) Summit. The two leaders had held thoroughly discussion focusing on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and building mutual trust, confidence and strengthening their bi-lateral ties.
NPoE stressed that Ethiopia has endured centuries of invasions and subversion by powers from far and close that aspired to control the headwaters of the Nile. Ethiopia has been prevented physically from accessing its water resources by keeping it busy with wars, direct or proxy wars. IRN's anti Ethiopia campaign is but a continuation of that history - by another means.
Open Letter to the Secretary General of the UN
Mr. Antonio Guterres
Dear Mr. Antonio Guterres,
First of all, I would like to congratulate you on your new appointment as UN Secretary General.
The practice of genetically modifying seeds and patenting them as unique inventions has now been going on for decades. Some 60% of the world’s seeds are owned by a few corporations in the West*. Farmers in the US and Canada have been sued and bankrupted by some of these greedy corporations because their crops had been inadvertently cross pollinated by the wind, birds, bees, and butterflies which carry pollen from adjacent farms with the modified crops.
Too many foreigners have studied and loved Ethiopia but none like the British historian Richard Pankhurst. News of his death at the age of 90 shocked Ethiopians. He passed way this morning in his
residence, Addis Ababa, reported Voice of America Amharic Service.
He served as professor of history at Addis Ababa University and was a founding member of Institute of Ethiopian Studies – housed at former Emperor Haile Selassie Palace at the main campus of Addis Aabab University, an institution with great reputation which was engaged in the creation of knowledge base on Ethiopia through research and organized annual conferences that attracted researchers from other parts of Africa, Europe and North America -among others.
HOW CAN THE NEXT FRENCH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION MODIFY FRANCE/AFRICA RELATIONS?
BY DR. MEHENOU AMOUZOU
After more than fifty (50) years of independence, it is clear that African countries can no longer rely on their leaders whom have largely demonstrated incompetence and an inability to lead their countries. It is undeniable today that even during the time of the African kingdoms; African people lived better and were more in harmony with the environment. It is the "modern states" introduced by colonization that have had disastrous consequences on the social, political and economic life of Africans.
France is not the only nation to have practiced the trade of slavery and / or colonization. Almost all European countries have done so and the methods used are almost identical. However, other countries do not fully capture the wealth of the colonized countries.
The eventual completion of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will be a much-celebrated event in Ethiopian history for two oft-remarked reasons. Soaring 170 meters high, spanning 1,800 meters in width, and capable of generating 6,000 MW, the GERD will be Africa’s largest hydroelectric dam. As such, it is a remarkable feat of modern engineering.
Just as the GERD’s colossal dimensions have reshaped the landscape surrounding it, the dam’s construction has upended the customary official rhetoric and politics of the Nile basin. Heretofore, Ethiopia limited itself to assertions of its right to develop the Nile; whereas, Egypt reacted to any minor suggestion of the mere consideration of construction by upper
riparian as an existential threat to be met by an apoplectic reply. Construction of the GERD has pushed Egypt to grudgingly acknowledge that dialogue between riparian states is the only way to reach mutually acceptable solutions to competing claims over the Nile
After a full day of closed-door sessions, the World Health Organization’s Executive Board at last announced its three director-general nominees set to face election in May. Ethiopia’s Tedros Adhanom
Ghebreyesus, Pakistan’s Sania Nishtar, and Britain’s David Nabarro made the cut, with the results released in Geneva on Wednesday evening.
Tedros again took the lead with 30 votes, but Nishtar was close behind with a total of 28. Nabarro received 18 votes from the 34-member board.
Now to one of the main points of this article. In my view, in our Ethiopian culture many people do not care about truth or the value of truth for its own sake; rather, many people care about what benefit they can get if they tell the truth about many issues in life. This mindset, which is widely shared, makes it hard for people to value truth or to care about truth for its own sake or to stand for truth when standing for truth is important. To care about truth for its own sake means valuing truth and speaking the truth whether one gets something or not as a result of speaking the truth. Inquisitive minds generally are inclined and want to know the truth about anything of interest to them, for the sake of knowing, period.
Yahya Jammeh’s Must Go!!!
Africa Speaks as African civil society organizations, we are raising our voices in solidarity with the
people of the Gambia who have since the 1994 military coup, which brought Jammeh to power,
endured decades of autocracy and systematic human rights violations under his rule, in particular
stifling of freedom of expression, association, and assembly in the republic. Journalist, human rights
defenders and activists in the Gambia have continued to operate in hostile conditions, have been
threatened by reprisals, abductions and experienced other gross human rights violations. Over the
years under the Jammeh regime, there has been much outcry from the people of the Gambia for the
world to pay attention to the various atrocities inflicted on them.
fact that the TPLF/EPRDF regime initiated a negotiation proposal with the
opposition inside the country regarding the multi-faceted problems of the
country is commendable. The regime further stated that it was dropping its
stubborn demand from years past that MEDREK sign its civic charter as a
precondition to negotiate. This is also a welcome sign.
not all the legal opposition invited by the government to the negotiation
are genuine opposition parties. Some are clones of the regime, and still
others have a high negative rating by the people. And then of course there
are opposition groups that are not part of what the government calls
“legal”, a few of which have even been categorized as terrorist.
Africa has a very serious economic identity problem. When compared to Asia, the continent has made much less progress. China, India, Indonesia and Singapore largely only endured tourism for revenue in the 1960s. Today, they are very technologically advanced and their banks and financial structure is more solid than the US and European banks. Elsewhere the world’s economic basis is on the brink of imploding and subsequent failure. Malaysia, which targeted and emulated that of West Africa in the 1960s, learned specifically the culture of the palm plantation and have polished, sustained and improved that industry.
U of T begins teaching ancient Ethiopian language
The course in Ge’ez, which could be a first step to launching a larger Ethiopian Studies program, was helped made possible by a donation of $50,000 each from a prof, the school and the Weeknd. By MEGAN DOLSKI Staff Reporter Fri., Jan. 13, 2017
A language that hasn’t been spoken for more than 1,000 years is being taught this semester at the University of Toronto, a step perhaps towards decoding rarely understood excerpts of history.
The ancient Ethiopian language of Ge’ez is written in a script that’s read left to right and has 26 letters. Letters have variations for the vowels that go with them, meaning students have to learn 26 characters in seven different ways.
The goal of the class, which meets twice a week, is to get students on their way to reading.
Saturday, 14 January 2017
China-built electric railway opens up landlocked Ethiopia
A US$3.4bil electrified railway line built by China was officially launched on Tuesday to link the Horn of Africa to its inland
countries. The line connects the strategic Red Sea port of Djibouti and Addis Ababa, the capital of landlocked Ethiopia, the fastest growing economy in Africa.
Trial services began last October and regular services transporting goods and passengers are expected to begin early this year.
Here we take a look at why the project matters, to both the region and to China
Stews, bread, and a lot of spice make an Ethiopian
Purva Grover/Dubai January 13, 2017
Ethiopia is a country with an incredibly fertile land and a rich history, hence food from the land is diverse and distinct. What makes the meals special is their hospitality - Ethiopians feed each other as they dine, and not just themselves. Using injera, the staple bread in Ethiopian households, as a spoon for meats, vegetables, lentils, and sauces is an important part of eating and sharing meals. Simply tear off a piece of injera, grab some food with it, roll it up, pop the whole thing into your mouth and repeat until finished.
The Military Base put Somaliland in Jeopardy
Friday, January 13, 2017 @ 5:10 am by Guest Author
(Kudos Nahur – Berbera, Somaliland)
The potential UAE military base in Berbera has seen controversy even within Somaliland presidency and its cohorts. Apart from these, there are various stakeholders connected to the port militarization because this new development has huge geopolitics on the balance of power in the Horn of Africa and long-term security dimension in the region.
Desta, Asayehgn, Ph.D. Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Barowsky, School of Business, Dominican University of California
Abstract Despite having a favorable Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for more than fifteen years, Ethiopia is currently faced with exceptional challenging youth unemployment. The youth unemployment and idleness in Ethiopia has contributed to massive social unrest in several Ethiopian urban areas. To calm down the massive instability in the country that were precipitated mainly by the unemployed youth, the Ethiopian government has allocated 0.72 percent of its GDP to resolve the youth unemployment in the country. Realizing that the actions taken by the government will not have a substantial impact, this study has proposed that using the Employer of Last Resort (ELR) economic model in collaboration with Ethiopia’s Technical, Vocational Education and Technical (TVET) institutions, so that the ELR could be used as a road map to create pathways for a smooth transition between classrooms and office or factory jobs.
The Red Sea Is Slipping into Total Arab Control
HANK COHEN'S AFRICA BLOG December 28, 2015
Hey, all you Abyssinians out there. While you are wasting time squabbling with each other and not talking to each other, the governments of the Arabian Peninsula are eating your lunch.
Have you noticed that warships from the United Arab Emirates are operating out of the port of Asab 24/7? Their interest is in Yemen, not in Eritrea or Ethiopia. There are reports that Saudi Arabia has taken a 50-year lease on Asab. If that is true, the next step will be Sharia Law in the Horn of Africa big time.
I think it is time for Abyssinians to take back control of the west bank of the Red Sea before it is too late.
One way to accomplish this is for Eritrea and Ethiopia to finally end the war of 1998-2000 and normalize relations. It can be done as a win-win.
Governments in Africa are becoming increasingly intolerant to freedom of speech, with Internet shutdowns now a common occurrence in many countries, a new report shows.
Despite the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopting a resolution on “the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet,” in July this year, the rate of Internet shutdowns to muzzle expression has been on the rise in sub-Sahara Africa this year.
My Neighborhood Pharmacist Was a Marxist Revolutionary
Kahsay Abraha Bisrat went from slinging an AK-47 in Ethiopia to carefully meting out prescriptions in Colorado, falling in love with a guerrilla along the way. Donna Bryson
DENVER—Standing white-coated and bespectacled behind the counter of the supermarket pharmacy he manages, you wouldn’t guess Kahsay Abraha Bisrat spent his teenage years as a Marxist revolutionary in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia prime minister accuses Egyptian institutions of funding opposition groups This was not the first time that Ethiopia had made such claims, as Egypt's Foreign Affairs Ministry had previously denied Egypt's interference in the internal affairs of other countries
Ethiopian prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn said that there are Egyptian institutions harbouring, supporting, and funding terrorist groups in Ethiopia, during his interview on Al- Muqabla show aired on Al-Jazeera on Thursday.
The minister’s comments came in response to a question regarding his country’s claims that Egypt and Eritrea are supporting opposition groups in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia's 1,870mw Gibe III Plant Begins Operations
By Andualem Sisay
Addis Ababa — Ethiopia on Saturday inaugurated the €1.5 billion ($1.57 billion) Gibe III hydro plant on River
Omo. The plant has 10 turbines each with a capacity of 187MW, and will increase Ethiopia's total electricity output to 4,238 megawatts.
It is located 450km southwest of the capital Addis Ababa and is expected to supply both domestic and export markets.
With a capacity of 1,870MW, Gibe III is the third plant on the Gibe-Omo hydroelectric cascade. The others are Gibe I and Gibe II, which are already operating. The government plans to build Gibe IV and V further downstream.
Economic Development and Democracy in
Ethiopia: Performances and Challenges
By Teshome Adugna(PhD)1 December 6, 2016
There are various debates about the relationship between economic development and democracy
in developing countries. Such debates were highly influenced by the political ideology or
principle followed by the given person. Most of the people that influenced by the current western
thinking of liberal democracy argue that economic development achieved only with the
developments of democracy. Actually these people could not show any empirical evidence of
the context of developing countries that achieve economic developments after building
successful democratic system. They usually use the experiences of the developed countries
democracy that could not be comparable with the emerging developing countries. The other
scholar or writers argue that democracy can be enhanced after certain level of economic and
social development. These groups argue that the precondition for the consolidations of
democratization practices in developing countries such as Sub Saharan African (SSA) Countries
is economic development.
a candid and humble interview with the author of “Love of Assimba” Mr,
Kahsay Abraha Bisrat. Mr. Bisrat shared his
personal account of the EPRP struggle as he
recounted stories from his book
President Isaias Arrives in Egypt to meet with President el-Sisi
President Isaias Afwerki arrived in Cairo International Airport today who was received at the airport by Sherif Ismail, Egypt's President of the Council of Ministers.
President Isaias is expected to meet with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and other senior Egyptian officials to discuss ways to strengthen relations.The visit aims to build on the historical relations between the two countries to develop bilateral cooperation and coordination of efforts and visions on issues of common concern.
The visit comes amid rising Egyptian and Saudi Arabian tensions over Syria and the subsequent thawing of Saudi and Ethiopian
Desta, Asayehgn,Sarlo Distinguished Professor of
Sustainable Economic Development
seems to be in a paradox. While its economy has
been on a growth trajectory for the last fifteen
years, more recently, Ethiopia’s landscape has
been overwhelmed by deplorable rampant corruption
and massive youth unemployment that has
contributed to social upheaval in some parts of
the country. In my earlier research, as a talking
point, I proposed that Ethiopia needs to apply a
deliberate use of an economic model known as
“Employer of Last Resort” to fully tackle the
existing youth unemployment. Briefly discussed,
the “Employer of Last Resort” paradigm
suggests that governments don’t need to entirely
control employment but should give grants to
privately administered institutions to facilitate
and guarantee full employment opportunities to the
unemployed who are ready and willing to work at a
minimum wage in environmentally sensitive projects
(Desta, 2016 and Baker 1993).
Foreign Intervention, the Politics of Burning Public Property, and State of Emergency Declaration in Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD November 4, 2016
The EPRDF, though a catalyst in transformative change, is a byproduct of the larger Ethiopian society in which democracy is virtually absent. The ruling party, therefore, could hardly operate democratically. However, it does not logically follow that the seeds of democracy cannot be sown in the barren land of democracy-deprived Ethiopia. As the ubiquitous maxim goes, ‘if there is a will there is a way’ and if the EPRDF have had the will to sow the seeds of democracy and build incipient democratic institutions in Ethiopia, at the minimum, it could have realized political tolerance, fair and free elections, and freedom of speech and press as enshrined in the Ethiopian constitution.
House of People's Representatives (HPR) today approved the new cabinet proposed by Prime Minister Hailemariam
Dessalegn.The PM said that he has dropped cluster coordinator with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister and adviser to the Prime Minister posts.
Mr. PM and EPRDF: Disband, Ban and Prosecute
http://www.ethiopiancommentator.com/Dejen Radio Commentary
No question about it. We strongly support the peoples’ right to peaceful and thoughtful protest. In fact, we strongly believe that demonstrations are an indispensable tool in the building of a government of the people, by the people and for the people. We believe that informed protests or demonstrations are forms of feedback. Since just about every one of us has a blind spot and governments are no exceptions, feedback is a powerful light or a vital window into the universe around us but we cannot see.
we are deeply disturbed by the demonstrations or protests which took place in the Amhara and Oromia regions of our country, and more so deeply saddened by the violence and loss of lives and properties.
It was shocking to hear and
watch through multiple media outlets Tigreans, in their own country, being
harassed, bitten, and killed in cities of the Amhara Regional State of
The mob-lynching crimes against Tigreans in their own country must be condemned in strongest terms possible. These historical tragedies will be recorded in history books. They are ultimate betrayals of the Tigreans-patriotic magnanimity.
Strengthening Business Ties Between Italy and Africa
By Fasil Amdetsion
Many large Italian companies have little or no presence in Africa. Major reasons for the lack of a more significant Italian corporate presence in Africa are the misinformation and biases that continue to color perceptions about the continent. As one Italian commentator aptly put it, “In recent years, one can observe Italian business’ unawareness of the dynamics of Africa markets; perceptions are still anchored on dated impressions and prejudices of the 1980s of an Africa in decline.”
Italy’s History in Africa is a Messy Affair
BY FASIL AMDETSION • SEPTEMBER 16, 2016
In the first of a three-part series, Fasil Amdetsion looks at the evolution of Italy’s relationship with its former colonies in the Horn of Africa.
Earlier this year, Italy hosted the first ever Italy-Africa Ministerial Conference in Rome. Held at the cavernous travertine-laden Farnesina headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the meeting was attended by high-level delegations from over 40 African countries.
In his closing remarks, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi underscored his intention of broadening political and economic ties with the African continent, by voicing his hope for a “future in which Africa is seen not as the greatest threat—as some demagogues would have it—but as the greatest
opportunity." The conference, which is intended to be a biennial affair, and Renzi’s visits to sub-Saharan Africa (the first ever by a sitting Italian premier) reflect the Italian government’s commitment to reinvigorating the relationship.
Though it is uncertain who has been appropriating it, Ethiopia’s economy has been showing monumentally high economic growth for the last fifteen years. Given this economic environment, Ethiopia’s investment climate has been on the right trajectory and as a result it has been appealing to many domestic and foreign investors.
No, the Ethiopia of today is not built on layers of straw but is a robust organic base bound by the blood and sacrifices of millions of peoples of Ethiopia. It is neither the TPLF nor the Tigray people that have been targeted, it is a target aimed at the freedom fighting peoples of Ethiopia, who would not allow any implanted hate-mongers with fascist ideas to make them stumble upon their hard-won victory. This generation of Ethiopians should not be oblivious to the resolve, courage, bravery and sacrifice of the heroes and heroines to free and build this progressive, peaceful Ethiopia that today is marching towards prosperity. Ethiopia today is, whether its enemies like it or not, an oasis of peace in a region set on fire with clan, tribal and fundamentalist conflicts. Not only is Ethiopia considered a regional mediator and player but is the main contributor to the peace-keeping forces under the auspices of the UN.
Ethiopian observer Editorial
It takes only a casual observer to note that the vast spectrum of lies and deception that has been deliberately infused to the public by fanatic groups in diaspora who are deeply resentful against Tegaru. The anti-Tegaru movement is supported and financed by opposition forces in the Diaspora. For reasons that were never clear, the opposition chose to attack the people of Tigrai to further its political objectives. It is time for all Tegaru in diaspora, with the rest of our people at home, to set a clear agenda and roadmap on how to combat the lies that are being fabricated day in day out to avoid such heinous and satanic plots that can only escalate ethnic tensions. We need radical changes how we should work together it has both personal and nationalistic underpinnings.
live/other) conference to be determined.
Briefing on the formation of committee.
September 7, 2016
Americans, specifically ethnic Tigreans, in
the Greater Seattle Area met on Saturday,
September 4, 2016,
at the Tigrean Community Center
and elected a committee to monitor, respond
and mobilize resources to help victims of
ethnically motivated attacks against Tigreans in
Gondar and other parts of Amhara region. The
public meeting was
promptedby the very few
diaspora extremist group's recent wave of
deplorable ethnic violence and harassment against
Tigreans in Ethiopia and the diaspora.
for pogrom-the verifiable attack of Tigreans by
Dr. Gregory Stanton, President of Genocide Watch,
Press release: for immediate publication 8 Sep 2016
Spotlight on regional achievements as East African Power Industry Awards finalists are announced
Awards were established to celebrate sector’s successes
Kenya Power, Eskom Uganda, the Nile Basin Initiative, Songas and Ethiopian Electric Power are just some of the region’s leading lights in the power industry that are finalists in this year’s East African Power Industry Awards that will take place during the East African Power Industry Convention (EAPIC) on 21 September at the Hilton Hotel in Nairobi. Well known media personality and CNBC Africa television news anchor Bonney Tunya will be the MC during the awards gala dinner.
Wow, Professor Desta, this was a
low punch. I heard it before from people who tried
to muzzle Ex-EPRDF members and deny them
credibility to cast or offer their views, but
never expected it from a distinguished professor.
I think Lt. General Tsadkan is a very courageous
individual who has stepped forward to offer
remedies because he believes that his country he
risked his life for to liberate from brutalization
is in danger. I only wish there were more him who
would break ranks and their silence to change
Ethiopia’s course peacefully and
Recently, Ethiopia has been facing many kinds of surprising political activities. Though over the years, the regime in power turned deaf ears to genuine constructive criticisms from a number of Ethiopian scholars, the regime may now be turning its attention to them because uprisings have emerged not only in numerous parts of the country, but also in an interesting article was being posted on a number of websites. It was written by Lt. General Tsadakan Gebre Tensae, the former Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces (hereafter referred to as the author), who has dramatized the political crisis in Ethiopia. However, it should be made clear to the readers that the Amharic version in the Reporter (Hamli, 24, 2008) is slightly different from the English version posted in the Horn Affairs in English (August 4, 2016).Thus, it should be known that I have used both the Amharic and English versions, along with General Tsadkan’s response to Prof. Messay Kebede’s in order to review and assess the author’s position.
A candid discussions with
General Tsadkan Gebre Tensae (ጀነራል -ፃጥቃንገ/ትንሳኤ), former chief of staff of the Federal
Democratic Republic of Ethiopia regarding
Ethiopia’s current political challenges and
Seife Tadelle Kidane, President of Africa Speaks
There is this expansive understanding and perception that a strong civil society is imperative
to fostering development, democracy and human rights that Africa desperately needs.. Civil
society is traditionally a third actor, along with the state and the market, and it’s no less
important than these two, acting as a crucial complement and corrective tool that allows
democratic and inclusive development. It is interesting to-see how it has been playing a
pivotal role on the continent. However, the role of civil society organizations at national and
continental levels remains blurred. The narrative that the African civil society cooperates
with authoritarian/neo-patrimonial regimes should not paint a generic picture that it cannot
foster Africa’s development, rather, the continent should aspire to transform such civil
societies into the ones that can foster development. It is clear that that the African civil
society looks upon the developed world.
It has come to my attention from close friends and ethioobserver.net readers TAND's statement on the uprising in Gondar titled
has generated strong descending views. Even though I do appreciate your candied opinion, I want to assure you that Ethioobserver’ s Achilles’ heel is its reputation of to be trustworthy, adhering to freedom of press and speech and being honest and open with the public. Ethioobserver continues to navigate a rocky road towards securing the interest of every concerned citizen of Ethiopia who are considered on many issues to have their say based on the guidelines. We unify through diversification. Let’s speak unity and harmony, minimize the differences in our backgrounds, while maximizing the common grounds. Our diversity of ideas should be an advantage and allows us to big. Genuine participation on the cyber world does not unfold without at least initial support or oppose.
Pan-Ethiopian Agenda Vs Sectarian Ethnocentric Politics
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD August 4, 2016
This essay, as its title suggests, intends to discuss the significance and preponderance of an overarching Ethiopian nationalism over narrow ethnic nationalism. This is not the first time I have addressed a pan-Ethiopian agenda that is more inclusive vis-à-vis exclusive or divisive ethnocentric politics; I have indeed produced many similar articles in the past , some of which are:
1) ለኢትዮጵያየሚበጅየፖለቲካስትራተጂመቀየሰየሁላችንሐላፊነትነው (2006); 2) የትምክህተኝነትናየጠባብብሔርተኝነትአደገኛነት; 3) Beyond Ethnocentric Ideology and Paradigm
Shift for A Greater Ethiopian Unity.
Travel review: Ethiopia - land of lost Ark
Could a country once ripped apart by famine now be Africa’s most exciting holiday destination?
Sarah Marshall visits Ethiopia.
Clinging like a limpet to the sheer sandstone rock face, I dig my toes into disconcertingly shallow foot holes. Hiking shoes would have been useful, I sigh, but on the final leg of a hike to Ethiopia’s most inaccessible place of worship, barefoot is the only option.
Published on Jun 30, 2016
Former President Thabo Mbeki was the keynote speaker at a session to celebrate 120 years of the battle of ADWA. This session was part of the Africa Unity for Renaissance Conference & Africa Day Expo on 25 May 2016.
The session took place at Ditsong Museum of South Africa in Tshwane.
He will addressed the session on “The 120 Years of the Adwa African Victory.” Led by Empress Taitu, the wife of Emperor Menelik II, and the Emperor’s generals, the patriotic Ethiopian army defeated the Italian colonial forces at Adwa, Ethiopia on 1 March 1896 and thus secured Ethiopia’s independence from colonial rule.
The victory at Adwa would later serve as an inspiration in the struggle against colonial rule to subsequent generations of Ethiopians and other Africans throughout the Continent.
Ethiopia’s Suppressed Historical Treasures in the Northern Frontier:
Key Manifestations of the Hidden-True History worth Exploring
Asghedom Ghebremichael, PhD 13 July 2016
Why History Matters
For the purpose of this piece, treasures refer to precious
socio cultural, natural, and historical heritages of a nation. In her four frontiers: the North, the South, the East, and the West, Ethiopia
possesses an immense wealth of historical inheritance and natural wealth, which must be explored,
recorded, safeguarded, and disseminated throughout the world. Each Ethiopia’s nation, nationality, and
people contribute to this wealth, which is a national pride that can enhance social harmony,
socioeconomic development, political stability, and national image. This is Ethiopia’s best way to unity in
diversity, renaissance, and genuine sustainable
vision entails a long-term comprehensive plan and
its objective is essentially to promote the
interests of a country without making worse-off
the other country that is involved in the
partnership discourse. The latter concept or
policy is facilitated and translated into action
via diplomacy, a fine vehicle that manages
international relations. Incidentally, Ethiopians
are astute diplomats and suffice to read the
letter exchanges of Emperors Yohannes and Menelik
with foreign heads of states and dignitaries in
the late 19th century and early 20th
century, not to mention the clever diplomatic
ventures of Emperor Haile Selassie. The legacy of
these leaders is still visible amongst present
Rights groups and activists welcome the UN resolution, but they call for concrete actions to hold Eritrea accountable.
The United Nations rights council has called on the African Union to investigate Eritrean leaders over alleged crimes against humanity after a damning report by a UN commission.
UN: Eritrea government commits crimes against humanity. In that report, the UN's Commission of Inquiry
(COI) for Eritrea said the government of President Isaias Afwerki had committed heinous crimes since independence a quarter-century ago, including the "enslavement" of 400,000 people.
Many of those abuses are allegedly linked to a harsh national service programme in the secretive Horn of Africa state, which for many is almost impossible to escape and which the COI compared to lifetime enslavement.
World View 17th June 2016 - Ethiopian and Eritrean Ambassadors go head-to-head on KTN
THE PEOPLE BEHIND THE STORY!
As some of you may already know four palettes of books, a total of 84 boxes were shipped to Tigray on June 29, 2016, thanks to the donation of our late brother, Ato Tekle Haileselassie. Even though it has been several years since he donated the books verbally, the logistics did not come together until now. This time however, Ato Tekle’s wife, W/ro Tsehay and some close family members and friends got together to box the books and get them ready for shipment. Who are these good people who rose up to the occasion? Who does QSSAAF-I have to thank for the donation and the hard work that was accomplished? They are: First and foremost,
Eritrea’s Allegiance to terrorize the region
I think it was four year ago - after the United Nations Security Council imposed two sanctions on Shabiya. At the time, the Security Council had setup a monitoring group that would investigate the situation in Somalia and Eritrea. The reason for setting up the monitoring group is to investigate and verify the Eritrea’s regime claim that it didn’t have any ties to Al-Shabaab.
However, the monitoring group has confirmed through a 500 page report that the Asmara administration has ties with al-Shabaab and the regime follows an anti-peace path - which includes assembling forces of unrest that operate in the region - even after two sanctions were imposed on it.
Eritrea escapes U.N. Security Council referral over human rights
by Reuters UN investigation has said Eritrea leaders should be tried for crimes against humanity, including rape and enslaving hundreds of thousands of people By Tom Miles
GENEVA, July 1 (Reuters) - Eritrea may escape censure by the U.N. Security Council over its human rights record after the U.N. Human Rights Council passed a watered-down resolution against the African state on Friday.
A U.N. investigation set up by the Human Rights Council said last month that Eritrea's leaders should be tried for crimes against humanity, including torture, rape, murder and enslaving hundreds of thousands of people.The investigators, who published a 484-page report a year ago detailing the crimes and the country's use of a "vast security network", recommended that the situation in the country to be referred to the International Criminal Court.
World Bank gives Ethiopia $100m to fight drought
The World Bank has approved $100 million to help Ethiopia fight drought, officials said.
The bank's board of directors made the announcement Thursday in view of the current drought, considered Ethiopia's worst in 50 years.
Besides the eight million Ethiopians who have been receiving food aid for several years under the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP), an additional 10 million others needed urgent food
Disenchantment grows in Egypt as democratic hopes recede
Three years after huge crowds of Egyptians rallied to oust Islamist president Mohamed Morsy, democratic hopes have given way to a spiralling crackdown on freedoms in the name of stability.
On June 30, 2013 millions took to the streets of Cairo and other cities to call for the removal of Morsy, whose rule had been deeply divisive.
Their hopes were fulfilled on July 3 when the army stepped in for the second time in less than three years to remove a president following mass protests — only unlike veteran autocrat Hosni Mubarak, Morsy had been democratically elected.
Now that former military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has become president, the state tolerates no more protests, and little criticism.
Ethiopia: Human Rights in Despair
Presented by Aregawi Berhe (PhD), at the AEHRF side event of the 32nd Session of Human Rights Council, UN, Geneva
- 23 June 2016
Mr. Chairman, Members of the panel, distinguished participants: Ethiopia, under the ruling EPRDF which holdfast power for the last 25 years, is in a deep political and socio-economic crisis, with the people protesting their dismal conditions throughout the country day in day out and facing barbaric attacks. The regime knows no rational and peaceful means to resolve the plight of the people, but only resort to brute force to silence legitimate dissent. It adamantly quells all the numerous nation-wide peaceful protests with street assassination, arbitrary arrest, torture, mysterious disappearances and mass killings. Such barbaric tactics,
Geneva - The United Nations rights council on Friday called on the African Union to investigate Eritrean leaders over alleged crimes against humanity after a damning report by a UN commission.
In that report, the UN's Commission of Inquiry (COI) for Eritrea said the government of President Isaias Afwerki had committed heinous crimes since independence a quarter-century ago, including the "enslavement" of 400 000 people.
Many of those abuses are allegedly linked to a harsh national service programme in the secretive Horn of Africa state, which for many is almost impossible to escape and which the COI compared to lifetime enslavement.
In a resolution that passed with consensus by the body's 47 members, the Human Rights Council said it "strongly encourages the African Union to follow up on the (COI) report".
It was disheartening to hear several series of the online audio reportage recently by
Aigaforum.com (http://aigaforum.com/documents/Tigrean-Victims-in-Northern-Gonder) of
the rampage and looting against the victims in the Shinfa Metema Wereda in Amhara
kilil. Although this sad story took place six months ago, it was now thanks to Tamrat Yemane it
came out to the public’s knowledge. These hard working people, who have the full freedom of
movement and work in any part of the country were assaulted and robbed of their homes and
hard earned properties worth millions of Birr by a mob in full daylight and in the presence of
the special police force, regional officials and kebele guards. The irony of this tragic incident
is that it took place at the very day of the celebration of the Nations and Nationalities day,
where ethnic tolerance and coexistence marks the Ethiopian identity.
U.N. Accuses Eritrea’s Leaders of Crimes Against Humanity
By NICK CUMMING-BRUCE and JEFFREY GETTLEMANJUNE 8, 2016
GENEVA — The leaders of Eritrea are responsible for crimes against humanity, a United Nations commission of inquiry said Wednesday, calling for international action to hold them to account, including referral to the International Criminal Court.
The inquiry found that “officials at the highest levels of state,” including the ruling party and military commanders of the East African nation, “have committed and continue to commit” crimes including enslavement, imprisonment and disappearances, torture, rape and murder.
One of the most egregious offenses, the United Nations commission found, was the forced conscription of young people in a never-ending national service program that has driven thousands of young Eritreans to flee, many to
Reflections on Strategy for Sweden’s Development Cooperation with Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD June 1, 2016
This paper intends to systematically analyze Sweden’s development cooperation with Ethiopia (2016-2020) in the context of the multivariate facets or component parts of the Strategy and in conjunction with Ethiopia’s role in the transformation process and overall development agenda. First, however, I like to present a brief synopsis of the distinctive history of Sweden that ultimately led to the Swedish Model. Sweden is one of the most fascinating, prosperous, and peaceful country in our planet earth; and this is not a mere historical accident or coincidence. What makes Sweden one of the most successful and best countries in the world has to do with its long tradition of peaceful resolution to conflicts and its rich political culture in social democracy; admittedly, however, Sweden was engaged in wars with Denmark, Russia, and Poland in the 17th century and it even became a regional power in the Baltic zone in the same century.
The defeat of the Italian
forces by Ethiopian patriots at the Battle of Adwa on March 1, 1896,
became a mountain of pride and inspiration to millions who cherish black
heritage. Later, in 1914 and 1917in Jamaica and in the United States,
Marcus Garvey, a well-known African nationalist, ignited his supporters
against white racism by stressing emphatically the way the Ethiopian
patriotic forces dismantled Italian aggression at the Battle of Adwa.
Using phrases such as “Ethiopia thou land of our fathers,” Garvey
further galvanized his followers to adopt his “Back to Africa
Movement” slogans. To arouse passion against colonial aggression and
racism, Benito Sylvian of Haiti, Joseph Vitalien of the West Indies,
Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells, and W.E. B. Du Bois, all represented
Ethiopia as a tower of independence, and
the Battle of Adwa gave hope that European colonization could be resisted
Linkages between Economic Growth and Food
Security: An Eclectic Perspective We live in a world where of the 80,000 edible plants used for food, only about 150 are being cultivated, and just eight are traded globally. In a world where we produce food for 12 billion people when there are only 6.3 billion living, 800 million suffer from malnutrition.
Vandana Shiva. World-renowned environmental leader (Manifesto on the Future of Food & Seed, 2007). Professor Desta, Asayehgn
Abstract The causal linkage between food security and economic growth hasn’t been fully resolved. That is, does food security contribute to economic growth or does economic growth result in food security; or is there a two-way causal relationship between economic growth and food security? The causality has not yet been ascertained. Drawing on previous research and insights, this study attempted to find and understand the relationship between food availability and economic growth.
Nelson Mandela: CIA tip-off led to 1962 Durban arrest
Nelson Mandela's arrest in 1962 came as a result of a tip-off from an agent of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), a report says.
The revelations, made in the Sunday Times newspaper, are based on an interview with ex-CIA agent Donald Rickard shortly before he died.
Mandela served 27 years in jail for resisting white minority rule before being released in 1990.
He was subsequently elected as South Africa's first black president. Rickard, who died earlier this year, was never formally associated with the CIA but worked as a diplomat in South Africa before retiring in the late 70s.
The interview was conducted by British film director John Irvin, who has made a film, Mandela's Gun, about his brief career as an armed rebel, the Sunday Times said.
By Tesfaye Habisso, 03/04/ 2016 . "If you take power by violence, you will rule by violence, and you can only be removed by violence." (Pik Botha, foreign minister of South Africa, Time, June 30, 1986) . "There is a new and unique development in human history that is taking place around the world; it is unprecedented in reach and volume, and it is also the greatest threat to all global power structures: 'THE GLOBAL POLITICAL AWAKENING'[Andrew Gavin Marshall]
essay intends to address the current Ethiopian affairs in the context of
ethnocentric politics and Ethiopian unity, twin themes that I have
discussed numerous times in my previous works, but it will also respond to
some critics pertaining to my VOA interview on Wolkait-Tsegede district of
Ethiopia. The latter, though it unnecessarily stirred controversy
especially among the disgruntled and misinformed Ethiopian groupings, it
is very much relevant to the kernel of this paper.
above, I have addressed the issue surrounding ethnic politics and
Ethiopian unity several times in the past, and my first article entitled
“Nation Building Beyond Ethnic Nationalism” was published in The
Ethiopian Mirror in 1992.1The central thesis of
this article was straight forward and clear: Ethiopians to transcend
ethnic nationalism and embrace rather a pan-Ethiopian agenda. My
recommendation then had resonated among the Ethiopian Diaspora because,
unlike today, Ethiopians were not inoculated with the virus of narrow and
sectarian ethnic nationalism.
The difference between being an Ethiopian and being
By Magn Nyang
February 17, 2009 — Recently, a 22-year old young girl from Anyuak of Gambella won the beauty contest of Ms. Ethiopia. Lots of responses went out on media from Ethiopians all over the world about her win. Even though, most respondents seemed very knowledgeable about the differences between being an Ethiopian and being Habesha, few seemed confused about the differences. In their writings, the confused ones, wrote as if they own Ethiopia and as if being an Ethiopian means being Habesha. This article seeks to show the differences between being an Ethiopian and being
Habesha. No Ethiopian is more Ethiopian than the other. One is only an Ethiopian, no more, no less. Some Habeshas, however, seem to see themselves as more Ethiopians than the others. What they don’t seem to understand is that one can not quantify one’s citizenship. One can only be Ethiopian. Not more Ethiopian.
Computers & Software
of Colorado announced that it was granted a U.S.A. patent number 9,000,957
on April 7, 2015. The patent the CEO of the company, Dr. Aberra Molla,
received involves the typing of the Ethiopic characters with one and two
keystrokes each in computers. The patented novel Ethiopic character entry
method known as ABSHA system is for typing the default characters with one
keystroke and the rest with two keystrokes each. It is virtually similar
to typing the English alphabet in computers and some other devices (http://patents.com/us-9000957.html).
The invention by the Ethiopian-American scientist is also significant in
that the patent application 20090179778 of July 16, 2009, (http://www.google.com/patents/US20090179778)
cited by six new U.S.A. patents for English and other uses by the time it
was granted in 2015.
SONS, WIVES AND ASSOCIATES: HERE ARE 18 AFRICAN NAMES WE FOUND ON THE PANAMA PAPERS
German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) has released the Panama Papers, the biggest leak in the history of data journalism, publishing online 11.5 million documents equaling 2.6 terabytes, from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, which showed how hundreds of thousands of people, including world leaders, celebrities, athletes, FIFA officials and criminals hid money using anonymous shell corporations across the world.
The Panamanian law firm, regarded as one of the world’s most secretive companies, according to the documents, has helped clients launder money, dodge sanctions and evade tax.
“Over a year ago, an anonymous source contacted the Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) and submitted encrypted internal documents from Mossack Fonseca, a Panamanian law firm that sells anonymous offshore companies around the world,” SZ noted. “These shell firms enable their owners to cover up their business dealings, no matter how shady
Multi-party Consensus Autonomous Self-Rule Democracy: A Briefing for Tomorrow’s Ethiopia
Professor Desta, Asayehgn In the terrible history of famines in the world, no substantial famine has everoccurred in any independent democratic country with a relatively free press (Amartya Sen, 1999).
The assumptions, the nature and possible challenges of good governance may be better appreciated considering the Lijphart’s paradigm of consensus democracy. Over the years, the British system of government, a majoritarian democracy or the Westminster type of governance, has been criticized because it is constitutionally biased toward quick decision-making and its actions are based on a democratically elected majority in the government.
Computers & Software
of Colorado announced that it was granted a U.S.A. patent number 9,000,957
on April 7, 2015. The patent the CEO of the company, Dr. Aberra Molla,
received involves the typing of the Ethiopic characters with one and two
keystrokes each in computers. The patented novel Ethiopic character entry
method known as ABSHA system is for typing the default characters with one
keystroke and the rest with two keystrokes each. It is virtually similar
to typing the English alphabet in computers and some other devices (http://patents.com/us-9000957.html).
The invention by the Ethiopian-American scientist is also significant in
that the patent application 20090179778 of July 16, 2009,
'imminent issue': Djibouti and overseas military interests China's decision to build logistical facilities for its navy in Djibouti has been downplayed in official statements after it was announced last November, but it represents a clear departure from The mainstream discourse of Chinese experts stresses the key difference between logistical facilities and military bases overseas, and there is an effort to dismiss concerns that China is being assertive and expansionist. At the same time, the role of the Chinese military in helping support non-combatant evacuations has been welcomed in Europe as a new direction that offers cooperation opportunities on security issues in a volatile area. Therefore, China’s presence in Djibouti can be seen as an opportunity for European nations to explore military cooperation with the PLA.
Ghelawdewos Araia, PhD March 21, 2016
Good governance has now become the vogue, if not the primary policy agenda of developing countries around the world that seek aid from international financial institutions (IFIs) like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The concept was launched during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a major UN agenda initiated at the turn of the 21st century, a program of action to be achieved between 2000 and 2015, but most of the developing nations were unable to realize the MDG.
Canadian Navy sailor stays alert while guarding World Food Programme (WFP) ship into Mogadishu as they provide on September 18, 2008 an anti-pirate escort for the ship taking food aid to Somalia. The UN Security Council in June adopted a resolution
authorizing foreign warships to enter Somalia's territorial waters with the government's consent to combat pirates, though it has yet to be implemented. European foreign ministers agreed to set up a special unit to coordinate the fight against piracy off Somalia, raising the possibility of an EU naval mission to the region. AFP PHOTO/SIMON MAINA (Photo credit should read SIMON MAINA/AFP/Getty Images)
The Horn of Africa region is central to the world’s maritime trade. It’s also beginning to fall apart.
Desta, Asayehgn- Sarlo
Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Barowsky School of Business, Dominican University of California Introduction
As advocated by neo-liberal entities, the agenda of good governance is grounded on democratic principles that create on-going interaction processes that are supposed to solidify, governmental structures, functions and practices of the state and its people. As the a key driver to economic growth to alleviate poverty in developing countries, the interaction process of good governance embeds core guidelines that include, the rule of law, citizen participation, transparency, accountability, and elimination of corruption.Given that the democratization process and the components of good governance are central to the achievement of development goals for the twenty-first century (Punyaratabandhu, 2004), it is either naïveté or arrogance not to defend the concept of good governance.
Scientists have unearthed the jawbone of what they claim is one of the very first humans.
The 2.8 million-year-old specimen is 400,000 years older than researchers thought that our kind first
emerged. The discovery in Ethiopia suggests climate change spurred the transition from tree dweller to upright walker.
The head of the research team told BBC News that the find gives the first insight into "the most important transitions in human evolution".
Prof Brian Villmoare of the University of Nevada in Las Vegas said the discovery makes a clear link between an iconic 3.2 million-year-old hominin (human-like primate) discovered in the same area in 1974, called "Lucy".
Best Importer of Incendiary Spices: East African Imports
Wed., Aug 1 2007
Amanuel, a soft-spoken Metro bus driver, runs East African Imports out of the corner of a strip mall in Judkins Park. Beaded masks, musical instruments, and posters of bare-breasted African women line the walls, while the nucleus of the store is composed of racks of lentils, fenugreek seeds, butter-flavoring agents, and berbere, the fiery spice mix that provides the complex heat of Ethiopian stews. This is one end of the operation; on the other end, in Addis Ababa, is Amanuel's septuagenarian mom, Whaid, who oversees a workforce of maybe a half-dozen people. "They buy the raw material, and they grind and mix it," says Amanuel, who's 48. "My mom is the one who controls the quality."
Ethiopian Calendar, neither Gregorian nor Julian: Prof. Ephraim Issac Note: The renowned Ethiopian born US scholar Prof. Ephraim Isaac, said that the Ethiopian calendar is unique in that it belongs neither to the Julian, nor to the Gregorian calendars. The professor was quoted saying this on the Ethiopian Herald some eight years ago.
Historical literature shows that the calendars of the entire world are based on the work of the old Egyptian astronomers who discovered, as early as 3000 BC to 4000 BC that the solar or sidereal year lasted slightly less than 365 ¼ days.
However, it was left to the astronomers of the Alexandrian school to incorporate this knowledge into some sort of calendar; and it was these astronomers who also came up with the idea of leap years.
One of only two nations in the world never to have been occupied. Home to people who speak over 80 languages. The only African country with its own alphabet. The only country in the world with a 13 month year. This is Ethiopia.
By Tony Milne
Located in what’s known as the Horn of Africa, a peninsula in Northeast Africa, we rarely hear about Ethiopia’s fascinating history and its medieval world in Lalibela, shaped from stone. Nor do we read about its historical treasures such as its ancient tombs and the obelisks of Aksum. Most would barely have heard of Ethiopian Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn. Fewer still would be aware that Ethiopia is referred to by a portion of people as the Lion of Africa due to its economic expansion, growing at 11 per cent - that’s twice the regional average.
The Battle of Adwa, African Victory in the Age of Empire: A Reflection
Desta, Asayehgn, Ph.D, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Dominican University of California
The defeat of Italy by Ethiopia on March 1, 1896 at the Battle of Adwa, then the vibrant capital of Tigrai, not only demonstrated the resilience and patriotism of Ethiopians but also made Ethiopia the steward of future hopes for the emancipation of the other nations that were subjugated under foreign rule. For example, Japan, used Ethiopia’s experience as its model and developed a strategy to fight against Russia in 1904. However, for a number of the European colonialists, when they heard that Italy was defeated by the heroic Ethiopian army at the Battle of Adwa in 1896, they were surprised and humiliated that members of the white race had lost. They suddenly had to rethink their ideas and policies about Africa being predominantly inhabited by primitive people that needed colonial rule in order to advance into a modern world.
ERITREA: INDEPENDENT OR A NEO-COLONIAL POST?
“If you want peace prepare for war.” 2,500 year old Greek maxim
PART 1It is of strategic interest, for Ethiopia to have a peaceful and democratic Eritrea. Chaos and bloodshed from internecine wars are catastrophic by their very nature, and will directly and indirectly affect Ethiopia. Above all the heavy toll that will be paid to clear such a mess of human tragedy leaves the whole society in tangible agony. It is not about who suffered or lost most.
The paranoid regime of Isaias, has been orchestrating vitriolic hate against the Ethiopian public from the beginning. (It seems the doctrine of animosity was what Jamal Abdel Nasser taught the ELF leaders from day one and the EPLF have followed it with vigour up until now.)
Ethiopia: The Danger Of a Single Story and What We Ethiopians Can Do About It
The Danger Of a Single Story and What We Ethiopians Can Do About It
By Assegid Habtewold
Based on Nigerian novelist Chimamanda Adichie’s Global TED Talk, which was filmed in 2009, I recently wrote a blog. The talk was very powerful- over 9 million people have watched it.
Ethiopian businesses and organizations are plagued by lack of branding. It was bothersome for us to acknowledge the fact that the majority of Ethiopian organizations are unable to pick a brand and create a story in alignment with their mission. We see duplication everywhere and in every industry. For example, someone opens a restaurant in one corner. Behold, someone starts a restaurant the next door with a different name and begins serving the same menu. You struggle to choose, especially if you aren’t from the area. They made it hard for their customers. You have to go and eat at each place before you understand their unique offers.
World’s fastest growing economy Ethiopia is new flavour of the month for Africa watchers
ETHIOPIA is the new flavor of the month for Africa watchers.
The East African nation led the pack of fastest-growing economies — not just in Africa, but in the world — in 2015. While many African nations are struggling to cope with plunging currencies and falling revenue from commodities, Ethiopia’s economy grew 8.7% last year and is set to expand 8.1% in 2016, according to International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates.
the end of 2015 and going onto the first weeks of 2016, about 140 Oromo
youth were murdered, and about 5,000 incarcerated by forces of the ruling
Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF)/Ethiopian People’s
Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) party. Theircrime? They
participated in a peaceful demonstration protesting the widespread
dispossession of farmlands in the Oromia regional state bordering the
capital Addis Abeba. A similar protest, although not claiming as many
lives, had taken place nearly 2 years ago in some areas of the regional
state. The federal government and the regional party OPDO have since
halted the policy of the expansion of the planned development into
Addis’s suburban areas. Civil disobedience, as part of the peaceful
struggle in Ethiopia, empowered the protesters and proved once again that
Ethiopians can assert their natural rights by engaging in peaceful,
Analyzing the Causes of Rejection and Downgrading of Semi-Finished Products in Ethiopian Leather and Leather Industries: Situational analysis of Semi-Finished Products from the Sheba Leather Industry Hadush Berhe Asgedom, Assistant Professor, Tsegay Tesfay Mezgebe, Lecturer, Ethiopian Institute of Technology-Mekelle, Mekelle University; and Asayehgn Desta, Sarlo Distinguished Professor of sustainable economic development, Dominican University of California, USA Executive Summary
The quality of semi-finished products has implications for production costs and sales prices. Poor quality materials are expensive to process and result in a high percentage of low grade products including rejects. Leather is an important industry involving a large number of institutions, associations, government and non-governmental institutions, and private entities in Ethiopia. However, leather defects are imperfections occurring on the surface or within the structure of the raw material ultimately resulting in an unsightly appearance and weakness of the resulting product leading to rejection and down-grading.
need to build a strong institution, where the tenets of accountability,
responsibility and transparency are internalized to last longer than any
individual or leadership.In
the more rapidly changing world, what has worked in the past is insufficient,
and therefore one needs a leadership
that is able to adapt to a changing
environment. If the current leadership needs to stay in power, its
performance must change in response to the changing needs of the people.
Leaders who lack vision, knowledge and flexibility blinded by their
inadequacies should be humble enough to realize their shortcoming and
drastically change their ways for betterment
of the society or hand over their powers to better-qualified
citizens. Sixty thousand fearless fighters
paid so huge sacrifices, in order to empower the mass, which should have
the final say or at the helm in all relevant issues instead of taking a
backseat.This should be a
clear message, which can energize and inspire people, bedrock
upon which the future is built.
ETHIOPIA: A CALL FOR CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM
January 23, 2016
A few days after the TPLF forces entered Addis Abeba in 1991, a lone tank rolled down a gravel highway from Kobo, a small town in Eastern Hararghe, West to a commercial town called Deder. Before entering Deder itself, the tank commander and its crew stopped to chat with the curious onlookers who had come to investigate why the beastly looking motorized vehicle was in the area. The commander asked the crowd if any one had noticed armed men in the area, and specifically, if members of an Oromo liberation front force (ONLF) were present in the vicinity. Perhaps satisfied with the responses, the commander ordered the tank crew to head back to Kobo and to whatever other mission he had in mind. It never occurred to the tank crew that there was a population of citizens who would be at the mercy of the belligerent group hiding in plain view or, if it did occur to them, they did not care.
Based on the recent unrest that has been precipitated by the Oromo people in Ethiopia, a number of observers such as Davison,2015;Muindi, 2016; and Borago, 2016, have argued that the Addis Ababa Master Plan has not only undermined self-determination but also contributed to a further loss of autonomy and the marginalization of Oromos living on the outskirts of the Federal capital, Addis Ababa. As stated by the European Parliament (1, 21, 2016): for the past two months,
…Ethiopia’s largest region, Oromia, has been hit by a wave of mass protests over the expansion of the municipal boundary of the capital, Addis Abba, which has posed risks of eviction for farmers from their land.
Good Governance as an Ultimate Weapon to Eradicate Poverty:
The Utmost Wish of the Tigrai People to Own that Weapon!
Asghedom Ghebremichael, PhD Canada: 21 Jan. 2016
Good Governance Conference 2016: an Event that Ushered in Hope and Optimism
Yes, this was good news to many. Acknowledging existence of the social disease called corruption,
manifested through mischievous activities of rent-seeking selfish individuals, is a very good start
strategically. Observing a reigning government admitting the challenges it is facing and considering
good governance (detailed below) as an ultimate weapon to defeat the enemy number one, poverty, has ushered
in hope and optimism among many of us, who are willing to contribute our shares. We look forward to
reading the final resolutions’ 11-point Communiqué of the Conference.
To complement and support the efforts of the Administration of the Tigray Region that is currently undertaking promotion of good governance
(ሰናይ ምምሕድ). Citizens and friends of the country around the globe spoke up candidly and passionately to strengthen it. Enjoy Part I of our conversation. Part 2 and 3 coming
The Egyptian Air Force is the 4th largest F-16 operator in the world, mustering about 195 F-16s of 220 ordered. Their overall fighter fleet is a mix of high-end F-16s and Mirage 2000s, low-end Chinese F-7s (MiG-21 copy) bought from the Chinese, a few F-4 Phantom II jets, and upgraded but very aged Soviet MiG-21s and French Mirage 5s
For Interpretation Services of Ethiopian Languages
(Tigrinya, Amharic) please contact the Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) by calling 203-747-2763 or writing via
Book Launching and Discussion on Contemporary Ethiopi
Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) is proud to
announce the launching of Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia’s book, Ethiopia:
Democracy, Devolution ofPower, and The Developmental State
in Washington DC on June 28, 2014.
encourages all Ethiopians and scholars on Ethiopia in the Washington DC
Metro Area to join the fascinating discussion on contemporary Ethiopia.
Professor Haile Gerima will introduce the book signing ceremony and Dr.
Araia will engage the audience in a lively and interactive intellectual
Sanfoka Video and Books, 2714 Georgia Ave, Washington DC 20001
Professor Jemal Abdulkadir
Elias S Siraj, Ahmed Reja, and Solomon Tesfaye
On Saturday August 24th, 2013, the world diabetes community lost Professor Jemal Abdulkadir, a pioneer
of diabetes care in his native country, Ethiopia and theAfrican continent.
Socialist wins seat on Seattle city council
November 16, 2013
Seattle voters have elected a socialist to city council for the first time in modern history. Kshama Sawant, a member of the populist Occupy Seattle movement, ran on a platform of raising Washington State’s minimum wage to $15 and levying a “millionaire tax” to pay for mass transit and public education.
It was devastating news on Wednesday, October 10, 2013, to learn that Ato Bekele Berhane, an alumni and one of the original founders of the Queen Sheba School, Adwa, Tigrai, Ethiopia, has passed away, surrounded by his brothers, sisters, children, and a number of friends.
Yohannes IV of Ethiopia crowned January 12 Born
the son of Mercha the Shum of Tembien and his wife Woizero Silass Dimtsu (Amata
Selassie) of Enderta, Dejazmatch Kassai could claim Solomonic
blood through the line of his paternal grandmother
Queen Sheba Schools
Alumni Association and Friends - International is holding a fundraising
event in Dallas Chapter
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